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MALAYSIAN STANDARD

MS 325:2017

Malaysian fruits and vegetables Nomenclature (Second revision)

ICS: 67.080.10 Descriptors: nomenclature, fruits, vegetables, Malaysian

© Copyright 2017 DEPARTMENT OF STANDARDS MALAYSIA

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DEVELOPMENT OF MALAYSIAN STANDARDS The Department of Standards Malaysia (STANDARDS MALAYSIA) is the national standards and accreditation body of Malaysia. The main function of STANDARDS MALAYSIA is to foster and promote standards, standardisation and accreditation as a means of advancing the national economy, promoting industrial efficiency and development, benefiting the health and safety of the public, protecting the consumers, facilitating domestic and international trade and furthering international cooperation in relation to standards and standardisation. Malaysian Standards (MS) are developed through consensus by committees which comprise balanced representation of producers, users, consumers and others with relevant interests, as may be appropriate to the subject at hand. To the greatest extent possible, Malaysian Standards are aligned to or are adoption of international standards. Approval of a standard as a Malaysian Standard is governed by the Standards of Malaysia Act 1996 [Act 549]. Malaysian Standards are reviewed periodically. The use of Malaysian Standards is voluntary except in so far as they are made mandatory by regulatory authorities by means of regulations, local bylaws or any other similar ways. For the purposes of Malaysian Standards, the following definitions apply: Revision: A process where existing Malaysian Standard is reviewed and updated which resulted in the publication of a new edition of the Malaysian Standard. Confirmed MS: A Malaysian Standard that has been reviewed by the responsible committee and confirmed that its contents are current. Amendment: A process where a provision(s) of existing Malaysian Standard is altered. The changes are indicated in an amendment page which is incorporated into the existing Malaysian Standard. Amendments can be of technical and/or editorial nature. Technical corrigendum: A corrected reprint of the current edition which is issued to correct either a technical error or ambiguity in a Malaysian Standard inadvertently introduced either in drafting or in printing and which could lead to incorrect or unsafe application of the publication. NOTE: Technical corrigenda are not to correct errors which can be assumed to have no consequences in the application of the MS, for example minor printing errors.

STANDARDS MALAYSIA has appointed SIRIM Berhad as the agent to develop, distribute and sell Malaysian Standards. For further information on Malaysian Standards, please contact: Department of Standards Malaysia Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation Level 1 & 2, Block 2300, Century Square Jalan Usahawan 63000 Cyberjaya Selangor Darul Ehsan MALAYSIA Tel: 60 3 8318 0002 Fax: 60 3 8319 3131 http://www.jsm.gov.my E-mail: [email protected]

OR

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MS 325:2017

Contents Page

Committee representation ..................................................................................................... ii Foreword ............................................................................................................................... iii

1

Scope ....................................................................................................................... 1

2

Terms and definitions................................................................................................ 1

3

Recommended nomenclature ................................................................................... 2

Bibliography……………………………………… .................................................................... 24

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i

MS 325:2017

Committee representation The Industry Standards Committee on Agriculture (ISC A) under whose authority this Malaysian Standard was developed, comprises representatives from the following organisations: Department of Agriculture Malaysia Department of Agriculture Sabah Department of Agriculture Sarawak Department of Fisheries Malaysia Department of Standards Malaysia Department of Veterinary Services Farmers’ Organisation Authority Federal Agricultural Marketing Authority Federation of Livestock Farmers' Associations of Malaysia Forest Research Institute Malaysia Malaysia Fruit Exporters Association Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute Malaysian Association of Standards Users Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry Malaysia Ministry of Domestic Trade, Co-Operatives and Consumerism Ministry of Health Malaysia Ministry of Plantation Industries and Commodities National Farmers Organization National Seed Association Malaysia SIRIM Berhad (Secretariat) The Federation of Vegetables Growers’ Associations Malaysia Universiti Putra Malaysia

The Working Group on WG on Nomenclature of Tropical Fruits and Vegetables which developed this Malaysian Standard consists of representatives from the following organisations: Department of Agriculture Malaysia Department of Agriculture Sabah Department of Agriculture Sarawak Federal Agricultural Marketing Authority Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute Universiti Putra Malaysia SIRIM Berhad (Secretariat) Co-opted members: Universiti Putra Malaysia (Chairman of TC on Fresh Fruits) Department of Agriculture Malaysia (Chairman of TC on Fresh Vegetables) Independent expert

ii

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MS 325:2017

Foreword This Malaysian Standard was developed by the Working Group on WG on Nomenclature of Tropical Fruits and Vegetables under the authority of the Industry Standards Committee on Agriculture. Major changes in this revision are as follows: a) Scope has been revised to become more general so as to cater both fruits and vegetables which are indigenous, introduced or cultivated in Malaysia, and to exclude ‘Other names’ and ‘Important cultivars’; b) Terms and definitions have been updated by adding few terms that are used in the document; c)

Clause 3 title has been changed from ‘Recommended nomenclature’ to ‘Nomenclature’;

d) Table 1 has been revised and renamed as ‘Nomenclature for Malaysian fruits’; e) Incorporation of Table 2 entitled ‘Nomenclature for Malaysian vegetables’; and f)

Deletion of Clause 4 Alphabetical index to recommended common names for Malaysian fruits.

This Malaysian Standard cancels and replaces MS 325:1985, Recommended nomenclature for Malaysian fruits (First revision) and MS 546:1994, Recommended nomenclature for Malaysian vegetables (First revision). Compliance with a Malaysian Standard does not of itself confer immunity from legal obligations.

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iii

MS 325:2017

Malaysian fruits and vegetables - Nomenclature 1

Scope

This Malaysian Standard establishes the botanical names and common names of indigenous, introduced or cultivated edible Malaysian fruits and vegetables.

2

Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this standard, the following definitions apply. 2.1

botanical name

The scientific name of the species, family and the authority for identification. The scientific name of plant, which indicate its species, family and the authority for dentification. 2.2

common name

Vernacular name in Bahasa Malaysia and/or English which is recommended for commercial use. 2.3

cultivated

A plant produced or improved on a farm or any other controlled condition. 2.4

fruits

The fleshy part of a plant that contains seed and can be eaten as food. 2.5

indigenous

A plant originating or occurring naturally in Malaysia. 2.6

introduced

A non-indigenous plant brought into Malaysia. 2.7

synonym (Syn.)

Other name(s) used. 2.8

vegetables

Any part of a plant, including fruits, that is consumed as food or part of a savory meal. 2.9

nomenclature

A system for naming plants.

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1

MS 325:2017

3

Recommended nomenclature

3.1

Nomenclature for Malaysian fruits is as listed in Table 1. Table 1. Nomenclature for Malaysian fruits

No.

2

Family

Common name

Botanical name

Bahasa Malaysia

English

1

Anacardiaceae

Anacardium occidentale L.

Gajus Syn. Janggus, Ketereh, Jambu Golok, Jambu monyet

Cashew

2

Anacardiaceae

Bouea macrophylla Griff.

Kundang Syn. Setar

Gandaria Syn. Marian mango

3

Anacardiaceae

Bouea oppositifolia (Roxb.) Meis.

Remia Syn. Rumenia, Ramunia

Plum mango

4

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera caesia Jack ex Wall.

Binjai Syn. Belunu

Jack mango Syn. White mango

5

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera decandra Ding Hou

Beluno Syn. Bududahau

Beluno

6

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera foetida (Lour.) Blume

Bacang

Horse mango

7

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera gedebe Miq.

Kedepir

Kedepir

8

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera griffithii Hook. f.

Rawa Syn. Asam raba

Rawa

9

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera havilandii Ridl.

Asam raba Syn. Asam damaran

Asam raba

10

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera indica L.

Mangga Syn. Mempelam

Mango

11

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera kemanga Blume

Kemang

Kemang

12

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera lagenifera Griff.

Lanjut

Lanjut

13

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera laurina Blume

Mangga air Syn. Mempelam air

Mango air

14

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera longipetiolata King

Sepam Syn. Pelajau

Sepam

15

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera macrocarpa Blume

Macang api

Macang api

16

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera odorata Griff.

Kuini Syn. Wani

Frangrant mango

17

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera pajang Kosterm.

Bambangan Syn. Embawang, Embang, Mawang

Bambangan

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MS 325:2017

Table 1. Nomenclature for Malaysian fruits (continued) No.

Family

Botanical name

Common name Bahasa Malaysia

English

18

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera pentandra Hook. f.

Mangga bemban Syn. Pauh

Bemban mango

19

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera quadrifida Jack ex Wall.

Asam kumbang Syn. Rancharancha

Asam kumbang

20

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera similis Blume

Kemantan

Kemantan

21

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera torquenda Kosterm.

Lamantan

Lamantan

22

Anacardiaceae

Pentaspadon motleyi Hook. f.

Pelajau

Pelajau

23

Anacardiaceae

Spondias cytherea Sonn.

Kedondong Syn. Amra

Great hog plum Syn. Otaheite apple, Golden apple

24

Anacardiaceae

Spondias pinnata (L. f.) Kurz

Kedondong hutan Syn. Amra hutan

Wild hog plum Syn. Indian hog plum

25

Annonaceae

Alphonsea javanica Scheff.

Mempisang

Mempisang

26

Annonaceae

Annona muricata L.

Durian belanda Syn. Durian selat

Soursop

27

Annonaceae

Annona reticulata L.

Nona kapri

Custard apple Syn. Bullock's heart

28

Annonaceae

Annona squamosa L.

Nona serikaya

Sweetsop Syn. Sugar apple

29

Annonaceae

Rollinia deliciosa Saff. Syn. Rollinia mucosa (Jacq.) Baill.

Nona besar

Brazilian custard apple Syn. Rollinia

30

Apocynaceae

Carissa carandas L. Syn. Carissa congesta Wight

Asam kerandang Syn. Berenda, Asam renda

Caranda Syn. Bengal currant

31

Apocynaceae

Willughbeia angustifolia (Miq.) Markgr.

Kubal Syn. Serapit, Geritgerit

Kubal

32

Arecaceae

Areca catechu L.

Pinang

Areca nut

33

Arecaceae

Phoenix dactylifera L.

Kurma

Dates

34

Arecaceae

Arenga pinnata Merr.

Kabung Syn. Enau, Belolok

Sugar palm

35

Arecaceae

Borassus flabellifer L.

Kelapa laut Syn. Lontar

Sea coconut Syn. Palmyra, Toddy palm

36

Arecaceae

Cocos nucifera L.

Kelapa Syn. Nyiur

Coconut

37

Arecaceae

Nypa fruticans Wurmb

Nipah

Nypa palm

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MS 325:2017

Table 1. Nomenclature for Malaysian fruits (continued) No.

4

Family

Common name

Botanical name

Bahasa Malaysia

English

38

Arecaceae

Salacca affinis Griff.

Salak merah

Red salak

39

Arecaceae

Salacca conferta Griff. Syn. Eleiodoxa conferta (Griff.) Burr.

Kelubi Syn. Asam paya

Kelubi

40

Arecaceae

Salacca glabrescens Griff.

Salak hutan

Salak hutan

41

Arecaceae

Salacca magnifica Mogea

Salak pondoh Syn. Remayong

Salak pondoh Syn. Snakeskin fruit

42

Arecaceae

Salacca wallichiana Mart.

Salak kumbar Syn. Salak rengam

Salak kumbar

43

Arecaceae

Salacca zalacca (Gaertn.) Voss Syn. Salacca edulis Reinw

Salak

Salak Syn. Snakeskin fruit

44

Bombacaceae

Durio dulcis Becc.

Durian merah Syn. Tutong, Dien rajang

Red durian

45

Bombacaceae

Durio graveolens Becc.

Durian kuning Syn. Durian dalit, Durian burung, Durian isi merah, Durian isu

Yellow durian

46

Bombacaceae

Durio kinabaluensis Kost. & Soegeng

Durian kinabalu Syn. Tapuloh

Mountain durian

47

Bombacaceae

Durio kutejensis (Hassk.) Becc.

Nyekak Syn. Sekawi, Durian pakan, Ukak pakan

Nyekak durian

48

Bombacaceae

Durio lowianus Scort. ex King

Durian daun Syn. Durian sempa, Durian sepeh, Durian hijau, Durian melaka, Durian sangka

Green durian

49

Bombacaceae

Durio oxleyanus Griff.

Durian beludu Syn. Durian isu, Sukang,

Beludu durian

50

Bombacaceae

Durio testudinarium Becc.

Durian kura-kura

Tortoise durian

51

Bombacaceae

Durio zibethinus Murr.

Durian

Durian

52

Bromeliaceae

Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.

Nanas

Pineapple

53

Burseraceae

Canarium odontophyllum Miq.

Dabai

Sibu olive

54

Burseraceae

Canarium ovatum Engl.

Kacang pili

Pili nut

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MS 325:2017

Table 1. Nomenclature for Malaysian fruits (continued) No.

Family

Botanical name

Common name Bahasa Malaysia

English

55

Burseraceae

Dacryodes rostrata (Blume) H.J. Lam

Kembayau Syn. Kedondong kerut

Kembayau

56

Cactaceae

Carica papaya L.

Betik

Papaya

57

Cactaceae

Hylocereus undatus (Haw.) Britton & Roses

Pitaya Syn. Buah naga

Dragon fruit Syn. Pithaya

58

Clusiaceae

Garcinia atroviridis Griff. ex T. Anderson.

Asam gelugur

Asam gelugur

59

Clusiaceae

Garcinia bancana Miq.

Tengkawang

Tengkawang

60

Clusiaceae

Garcinia cowa Roxb. Syn. Garcinia cambogia Roxb.

Kandis

Malabar tamarind

61

Clusiaceae

Garcinia nitida Pierre

Kandis hutan

Brunei cherry

62

Clusiaceae

Garcinia forbesii King

Aroi-aroi Syn. Takob-akob

Aroi-aroi

63

Clusiaceae

Garcinia hombroniana Pierre

Beruas Syn. Manggis hutan

Seashore mangosteen

64

Clusiaceae

Garcinia madruno (Kunth.) Hummel Syn. Rheedia madruno Kunth.

Rheedia Syn. Madrono

Lemon drop mangosteen

65

Clusiaceae

Garcinia mangostana L.

Manggis, Mesta

Mangosteen

66

Clusiaceae

Garcinia parvifolia Miq.

Kundong

Brunei cherry

67

Clusiaceae

Garcinia prainiana King

Cerapu Syn. Kecupu, Mencupu, Cerpu, Cepu

Button mangosteen

68

Clusiaceae

Garcinia xanthocymus Hook. f.

Asam kandis

Gamboge

69

Clusiaceae

Gracinia dulcis (Roxb.) Kurz

Mundu

Mundu

70

Combretaceae

Terminalia catappa L.

Ketapang

Sea almond Syn. Indian almond

71

Cucurbitaceae

Citrullus lanatus (Thunb). Mansf.

Tembikai Syn. Timun cina, Semangka, Tembikai hitam manis, Maskara

Watermelon

72

Cucurbitaceae

Cucumis melo L. (and its various cultivars)

Tembikai wangi, “Rock melon”, Tembikai susu

Muskmelon, Rock melon, Cantaloupe, Netted muskmelon, Honeydew

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MS 325:2017

Table 1. Nomenclature for Malaysian fruits (continued)

6

Common name

No.

Family

Botanical name

73

Cucurbitaceae

Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng.

Teruah Syn. Titi

Gacfruit Syn. Wild bittergourd

74

Ebenaceae

Diospyros discolor Willd. Syn. Diospyros blancoi A. DC.

Buah mentega Syn. Seralat

Velvet apple

75

Ebenaceae

Diospyros kaki L.f.

Pisang kaki

Persimmon

76

Elaeocarpaceae

Elaeocarpus pedunculatus Wall. Syn. Elaeocarpus argentellus R. Knuth

Piah

Blunt leafed oil fruit

77

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Aleurites moluccana (L.) Willd.

Buah keras

Candlenut

78

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Antidesma bunius (L.) Spreng

Buni Syn. Bruni

Chinese laurel

79

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaert.

Gunciak

Black currant tree

80

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Antidesma montanum Blume

Gunciak gajah

Montanum

81

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Baccaurea angulata Merr.

Belimbing merah Syn. Ucong, Belimbing hutan, Belimbing api

Red angled tampoi

82

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Baccaurea bracteata Muell. Arg.

Rambai hutan Syn. Tampoi bunga, Tampoi paya

Monkey’s tampoi

83

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Baccaurea brevipes Hook.f.

Rambai ayam Syn. Setambun lilin

Blue rambai

84

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Baccaurea lanceolata (Miq.) Muell. Arg.

Asam pahung Syn. Mempahung, Rambai hutan

Green rambai

85

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Baccaurea macrocarpa (Miq.) Muell. Arg. Syn. Baccaurea griffithii Hook.f.

Tampoi Syn. Larah, Ikap, Puak, Tampoi butang

Greater tampoi

86

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Baccaurea motleyana (Muell. Arg.) Muell. Arg.

Rambai

Rambai

87

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Baccaurea parviflora (Muell. Arg.) Muell. Arg

Setambun

Wild rambai

88

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Baccaurea polyneura Hook. f.

Jentik Syn. Jentik-jentik

Jentik

Bahasa Malaysia

English

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MS 325:2017

Table 1. Nomenclature for Malaysian fruits (continued) Botanical name

Common name

No.

Family

89

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Baccaurea pubera (Miq.) Mull. Arg.

Kejirak

Mini tampoi

90

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Baccaurea ramiflora Lour.

Pupor

Burmese grape

91

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Baccaurea velutina Ridl.

Tampoi tungau

Velvet tampoi

92

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Elateriospermum tapos Blume

Perah Syn. Kelampai

Pogoh nut

93

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels

Cermai

Malay gooseberry Syn. Otaheite gooseberry

94

Euphorbiaceae Syn. Phyllanthaceae

Phyllanthus emblica L.

Buah melaka

Indian gooseberry Syn. Emblic

95

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Cynometra cauliflora L.

Nam nam Syn. Buah katak puru

Nam nam

96

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Dialium indum L.

Keranji Syn. Keranji kertas besar

Velvet tamarind

97

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Dialium platysepalum Baker

Keranji kuning

Yellow keranji

98

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Parkia timoriana (DC.) Merr.

Kerayong

Kerayong

99

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Tamarindus indica L.

Asam jawa

Tamarind

100

Gnetaceae

Gnetum costatum L.

Tengang

Tengang

101

Gnetaceae

Gnetum gnemon L.

Melinjau Syn. Belinjau

Paddy oat

102

Irvingiaceae

Irvingia malayana Oliv. ex Benth.

Pauh kijang

Wild almond

103

Lauraceae

Litsea garciae S. Vidal

Engkala Syn. kala

Engkala

104

Lauraceae

Persea Americana Mill.

Alpukat

Avocado

105

Lecythidaceae

Lecythis ollaria Loefl.

Kacang sapukaya

Sapucaia nut

106

Lecythidaceae

Bertholletia excelsa Humb. & Bonpl.

Kacang brazil

Brazillian nut

107

Lythraceae

Punica granatum L.

Delima

Pomegranate

108

Malpighiaceae

Malpighia glabra L.

Ceri aserola

Acerola Syn. Barbados cherry

109

Malvaceae

Hibiscus sabdariffa L.

Asam susur

Roselle

110

Malvaceae

Scaphium macropodon (Miq.) Beum. ex Heyne

Kembang semangkuk jantung

Flower bowl

Bahasa Malaysia

English

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7

MS 325:2017

Table 1. Nomenclature for Malaysian fruits (continued) No.

8

Family

Common name

Botanical name

Bahasa Malaysia

English

111

Meliaceae

Aglaia korthalsii (Miq.) Pellegr.

Keriat

Keriat

112

Meliaceae

Lansium parasiticum (Osbeck) K. C. Sahni & Bennet Syn. Lansium domesticum Corr. (and its various cultivars)

Langsat, Duku, Dokong, Duku langsat

Langsat, Duku, Dokong, Duku langsat

113

Meliaceae

Sandoricum koetjape (Burm f.) Merr.

Sentul

Cottonfruit

114

Moraceae

Artocarpus altilis (Parkin.) Fosb.

Sukun

Breadfruit

115

Moraceae

Artocarpus anisophyllus Miq.

Terap ikal Syn. Bintawa, Entawa, Entawak, Mentawa

Entawak

116

Moraceae

Artocarpus camansi Blanco

Kulur

Breadnut

117

Moraceae

Artocarpus elasticus Reinw. ex Blume

Terap nasi Syn. Tekalong

Terap nasi

118

Moraceae

Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.

Nangka

Jackfruit

119

Moraceae

Artocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr.

Cempedak

Cempedak

120

Moraceae

Artocarpus integer var. silvestris Corr.

Cempedak bangkong

Bangkong cempedak

121

Moraceae

Artocarpus kemando Miq.

Pudu Syn. Pudau, Beruni

Pudu

122

Moraceae

Artocarpus lanceifolius Roxb.

Keledang Syn. Keledong

Keledang

123

Moraceae

Artocarpus nitidus Trec.

Selangking

Selangking Syn. Butong

124

Moraceae

Artocarpus odoratissimus Blanco

Tarap Syn. Pingan

Tarap

125

Moraceae

Artocarpus rigidus Blume

Tempunik Syn. Peruput, Pala munsoh

Tempunik

126

Moraceae

Artocarpus sericicarpus F. M. Jarrett

Terap bulu

Hairy terap

127

Moraceae

Atrocarpus tamaran Becc.

Tamaran

Tamaran

128

Moraceae

Ficus carica L.

Buah tin

Fig

129

Moraceae

Morus alba L.

Mulberi

Mulberry

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MS 325:2017

Table 1. Nomenclature for Malaysian fruits (continued) No.

Family

Botanical name

Common name Bahasa Malaysia

English

130

Moraceae

Prainea limpato (Miq.) Beumee ex K. Heyne

Kesusu Syn. Limpato

Limpato

131

Muntingiaceae

Muntingia calabura L.

Ceri kampung Syn. Ceri melayu

Panama berry

132

Musaceae

Musa L. (and its various cultivars)

Pisang

Banana

133

Myristicaceae

Myristica fragrans Houtt.

Pala

Nutmeg

134

Myrtaceae

Eugenia uniflora L.

Cermai belanda

Pitanga Syn. Surinam cherry, Brazil cherry, West indies

135

Myrtaceae

Psidium cattleyanum Subine Syn. Psidium littorale Radd.

Jambu ceri

Strawberry guava

136

Myrtaceae

Psidium guajava L.

Jambu batu

Guava

137

Myrtaceae

Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Aiton) Hassk.

Kemunting

Rose myrtle

138

Myrtaceae

Syzygium aqueum (Burm.f.) Alst.

Jambu air Syn. Jambu bertih

Water apple

139

Myrtaceae

Syzygium claviflorum (Roxb.) Wall. ex A.M.Cowan & Cowan

Remuyu

Trumpet eugenia

140

Myrtaceae

Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels

Kerian Syn. Jambolan, Jambu bulan

Java plum

141

Myrtaceae

Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst.

Jambu mawar

Rose apple

142

Myrtaceae

Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & Perry

Jambu bol

Malay apple

143

Myrtaceae

Syzygium pycnanthum Merr. & Perry

Kelat jambu

Wild rose apple

144

Myrtaceae

Syzygium samarangense (Blume) Merr. & Perry

Jambu semarang Syn. Jambu air

Wax apple Syn. Java apple

145

Myrtaceae

Syzygium zeylanicum (L.) DC.

Kelat nenasi

Sea apple

146

Olacaceae

Scorodocarpus borneensis (Baill.) Becc.

Kulim Syn. Bawang hutan

Onion tree

147

Oxalidaceae

Averrhoa carambola L.

Belimbing

Starfruit Syn. Carambola

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MS 325:2017

Table 1. Nomenclature for Malaysian fruits (continued) No.

Family

Common name

Botanical name

Bahasa Malaysia

English

148

Oxalidaceae

Averrhoa bilimbi L.

Belimbing buluh Syn. Belimbing masam

Cucumber tree Syn. Bilimbi

149

Polygalaceae

Xanthophyllum amoenum Chod.

Langir Syn. Nyalin

Langir

150

Proteaceae

Macadamia integrifolia Maiden & Betche

Makadamia

Macadamia nut

151

Rhamnaceae

Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk.

Bidara

Indian jujube

152

Rhamnaceae

Ziziphus havilandii Ridl.

Kukul menaul

Kukul menaul

153

Rosaceae

Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.

Lokuat

Loquat

154

Rosaceae

Fragaria vesca L.

Strawberi

Strawberry

155

Rosaceae

Malus domestica Borkh.

Epal

Apple

156 157

Rubiaceae

Morinda citrifolia L.

Mengkudu

Morinda

Rutaceae

Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr.

Bilak

Bael fruit

158

Rutaceae

Citrus aurantifolia Swing.

Limau nipis

Lime Syn. Key lime

159

Rutaceae

Citrus hystrix DC.

Limau purut

Kaffir lime

160

Rutaceae

Citrus × microcarpa Bunge

Limau kasturi

Calamansi Syn. Calamondin, Musk lime

161

Rutaceae

Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck

Lemon

Lemon

162

Rutaceae

Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. Syn. Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck

Limau bali Syn. Limau tambun

Pomelo

163

Rutaceae

Citrus medica L.

Limau susu Syn. Limau jari

Citron

164

Rutaceae

Citrus paradisi Macfad.

Limau gedang

Grapefruit

165

Rutaceae

Citrus reticulata Blanco Syn. Citrus tangerina Tanaka, Citrus suhuiensis Hayata

Limau langkat Syn. Limau madu, Limau kupas

Mandarin orange

166

Rutaceae

Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck

Limau manis

Sweet orange

167

Rutaceae

Citrus swinglei Burkill ex Harms Syn. Fortunella polyandra Swing.

Limau pagar Syn. Kumkuat

Kumquat

168

Rutaceae

Limonia acidissima Griff.

Belinggai

Wood apple Syn. Elephant Apple, Curd fruit

10

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MS 325:2017

Table 1. Nomenclature for Malaysian fruits (continued) No.

Family

Botanical name

Common name Bahasa Malaysia

English

169

Rutaceae

Limonia acidissima Groff.

Gelinggai

Wood apple

170

Salicaceae

Flacourtia indica (Burm.f.) Merr.

Kerekup kecil

Madagascar plum

171

Salicaceae

Flacourtia rukam Zoll. & Morit.

Rukam

Rukam

172

Salicaceae

Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raesch.

Rukam manis

Indian plum

173

Salicaceae

Flacourtia inermis Roxb.

Rukam masam

Governor plum

174

Sapindaceae

Artocarpus Sarawakensis L.

Pingan

Pingan

175

Sapindaceae

Dimocarpus longan ssp. longan Leenh. var. longan

Longan, Mata kucing

Longan, Cat’s eye

176

Sapindaceae

Dimocarpus longan ssp. malesianus Leenh. var. malesianus Syn. Euphoria malaiensis (Griff.) Radlk.

Isau Syn. Mata kucing hijau, Kakus, Guring, Mao

Green longan

177

Sapindaceae

Lepisanthes amoena (Hassk.) Leenh.

Kayu matahari

Kayu matahari

178

Sapindaceae

Lepisanthes fruticosa (Roxb.) Leenh.

Ceri terengganu Syn. Setengok, Gegelek, Buah johor, Engkili

Ceri terengganu

179

Sapindaceae

Lepisanthes rubiginosa (Roxb.) Leenh.

Mertajam

Mertajam

180

Sapindaceae

Nephelium cuspidatum Blume

Rambutan gergasi Syn. Sanggul lotong

Giant rambutan

181

Sapindaceae

Nephelium lappaceum L.

Rambutan

Rambutan

182

Sapindaceae

Nephelium mangayi Hiern.

Ridan Syn. Penjaih, Serait, Mujau, Kondolon

Ridan

183

Sapindaceae

Nephelium miliferum Gagnep.

Redan burung

Redan burung

184

Sapindaceae

Nephelium ramboutanake (Labill.) Leenh. Syn. Nephelium mutabile Blume

Pulasan Syn. Sibau

Pulasan

185

Sapindaceae

Pometia pinnata forma glabra

Matoa

Matoa

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MS 325:2017

Table 1. Nomenclature for Malaysian fruits (concluded) No.

Family

Common name

Botanical name

Bahasa Malaysia

English

186

Sapindaceae

Pometia pinnata forma macrocarpa

Lengging Syn. Buah kristal

Lengging

187

Sapindaceae

Pometia pinnata J. R. & G. forma pinnata

Kasai

Kasai

188

Sapindaceae

Xerospermum noronhianum (Blume) Blume

Rambutan pacat

Rambutan pacat

189

Sapotaceae

Chrysophyllum cainito L.

Kamito

Star apple

190

Sapotaceae

Madhuca longistyla (King & Gamble) L. Syn. Palaquium xanthocymum L.

Ketior

Ketior

191

Sapotaceae

Manilkara kauki (L.) Duba.

Sauh durian Syn. Ciku durian

Caqui

192

Sapotaceae

Manilkara zapota (L.) van Royen

Ciku

Sapodilla

193

Sapotaceae

Pangium edule Reinw.

Kepayang Syn. Pangi

Football fruit

194

Sapotaceae

Pouteria caimito (Ruiz & Pav.) Radlk.

Ciku emas

Abiu

195

Sapotaceae

Pouteria campechiana (Kunth) Baehni

Kuning telur

Canistel Syn. Yellow sapote

196

Sapotaceae

Pouteria sapota (Jacq.) Moore & Stearn

Ciku mame

Mamey sapote

197

Solanaceae

Solanum betaceum Cav. Syn. Cyphomandra betacea (Cav.) Sendtn.

Buah cinta

Tree tomato Syn. Tamarillo

198

Sapotaceae

Pouteria sapota (Jacq.) Moore & Stearn

Ciku mame

Mamey sapote

199

Vitaceae

Vitis vinifera L.

Anggur

Grape

12

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MS 325:2017

3.2

Nomenclature for Malaysian vegetables is listed as Table 2. Table 2. Nomenclature for Malaysian vegetables

No.

Family

Botanical name

Common name Bahasa Malaysia

English

1

Agaricaceae

Agaricus bisporus (J. E. Lange) Imbach

Cendawan butang

Button mushroom

2

Alismataceae

Limnocharis flava (L.) Buchenau

Paku rawan Syn. Keladi senduk, Kelada Itik, Jinjir, Piyor

Yellow burhead Syn. Yellow velvet leaf

3

Alismataceae

Sagittaria sagittifolia L. Syn. Sagittaria sinensis Sims.

Sengkuang cina Syn. Ngah ku, Keladi ubi, Keladi cabang

Chinese arrowhead

4

Anacardiaceae

Spondias philippinensis (Elm.) Shaw & Forman

Basisihan

Rorsa-rorsa

5

Apiaceae

Apium graveolens L.

Saderi, Daun sup

Celery

6

Apiaceae

Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. Syn. Hydrocotyle asiatica L.

Pegaga

Pennywort

7

Apiaceae

Coriandrum sativum L.

Daun ketumbar

Coriander leaf

8

Apiaceae

Daucus carota L.

Lobak merah

Carrot

9

Apiaceae

Oenanthe javanica (Blume) D. C.

Selom

Water dropwort Syn. Japanese parsley, Chinese celery

10

Amaranthaceae

Amaranthus tricolor (L.) L. Syn. Amaranthus gangeticus L.

Bayam merah, Bayam

Three-coloured amaranthus Syn. Flower gentle, Tampala

11

Amaranthaceae

Beta vulgaris L.

Ubi bit

Beetroot

12

Amaranthaceae

Spinacia oleracea L. Syn. Amaranthus oleraceus L.

Poh choy

Poh choy

13

Amaryllidaceae

Allium ampeloprasum L. Syn. Allium porrum L.

Lik

Leek

14

Amaryllidaceae

Allium chinense G. Don

Lekio Syn. Langkeo

Chinese onion Syn. Chinese scallion

15

Amaryllidaceae

Allium fistulossum L.

Daun bawang

Spring onion Syn. Scallion, Green onion, Chives

16

Amaryllidaceae

Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng.

Kucai

Chives

17

Araceae

Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott

Keladi telur Syn. Selatah, Setawi, Keladi betawi

Cocoyam Syn. Tannia

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MS 325:2017

Table 2. Nomenclature for Malaysian vegetables (continued) No.

Family

Common name

Botanical name

Bahasa Malaysia

English

18

Araceae

Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott

Keladi

Taro

19

Araceae

Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson Syn. Amorphophallus campanulatus Decne.

Ubi lekir Syn. Ubi sarek

Elephant foot yam

20

Araceae

Homalomena rostrata Griff. Syn. Homalomena sagittifolia Jungh. ex Schott

Keladi kemoyang

Kemoyang

21

Araliaceae

Polyscias filicifolia (L.) Harms

Cakra-cikri

Fern leaf aralia

22

Arecaceae

Oncosperma horridum (Griff.) Scheff.

Bayas

Bayas

23

Arecaceae

Oncosperma tigillarium (Jack) Ridl.

Nibung

Nibung

24

Asteraceae

Smallanthus sonchifolius (Poepp.) H. Rob.

Yakun

Yacon

25

Asparagaceae

Asparagus officinalis L.

Asparagus Syn. Lo shun

Asparagus

26

Asteraceae Syn.Compositae

Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr.

Sambung nyawa Syn. Sebiak

Leaves of the gods

27

Asteraceae Syn.Compositae

Cosmos caudatus Kunth

Ulam raja

Wild cosmos

28

Asteraceae Syn.Compositae

Glebionis coronaria (L.) Cass. ex Spach Syn. Chrysanthemum coronarium L.

Tong ho

Garland chrysanthemum

29

Asteraceae Syn.Compositae

Lactuca indica L.

Yau mak Syn. Daun panjang

Indian lettuce

30

Asteraceae Syn.Compositae

Lactuca sativa L.

Salad

Lettuce

31

Asteraceae Syn.Compositae

Pluchea indica (L.) Less.

Beluntas

Indian camphorweed Syn. Indian fleabane, Indian pluchea

32

Athyriaceae

Diplazium esculentum (Retz.) Sw. Syn. Athyrium esculentum Retz.

Pucuk paku Syn. Paku ikan

Vegetable fern

14

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MS 325:2017

Table 2. Nomenclature for Malaysian vegetables (continued) No.

Family

Botanical name

Common name Bahasa Malaysia

English

33

Auriculariaceae

Auricularia polytricha (Mont.) Sacc.

Cendawan telinga kera Syn. Kulat bibir

Black jelly fungus

34

Basellaceae

Basella alba L. Syn. Basella rubra L.

Remayung Syn. Tembayung

Ceylon spinach Syn. Malabar spinach

35

Begoniaceae

Begonia chlorosticia Sands

Riang batu Syn. Kuru

Begonia

36

Bignoniaceae

Oroxylum indicum (L.) Benth. ex Kurz

Beka Syn. Bonglai, Gemurai

Midnight horror

37

Blechnaceae

Stenochlaena palustris (Burm. f.) Bedd.

Paku miding Syn. Pucuk miding, Paku midin

Fiddlehead fern

38

Bonnetiaceae

Ploirarium alternifolium (Vahl) Melchior Syn. Hypericum alternifolia Vahl

Somah Syn. Jinggau, Sirumah

Cicada tree

39

Brassicaceae

Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.

Sawi pahit, Kai choy, Jie chai

Green mustard, Indian mustard, Chinese mustard,Vegetab le mustard

40

Brassicaceae

Brassica napus L. Syn. Brassica rapa L., Brassica chinensis L.

Sawi, kubis cina, kubis panjang, Sawi putih, Pak choy, Sawi jepun, Xiao baicai, sawi hybrid, sawi bunga, Caixin, Choy sum

Rape seed, Mustard, Turnip, White mustard, Leaf mustard, Chinese cabbage

41

Brassicaceae

Brassica oleracea L. Syn. Brassica alboglabra L. H. Bailey

Kobis, Kailan, Brokoli, Kobis Bunga

Cabbage, Kohlrabi, Gongylodes, White headed cabbage, Red headed cabbage, Savoy headed cabbage, Kale, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Brussels sprout

42

Brassicaceae

Nasturtium officinale R.Br.

Selada air Syn. Semangi

Watercress

43

Brassicaceae

Raphanus sativus L.

Lobak putih

Radish

44

Ceratopteridaceae

Ceratopteris thalictroides (L.) Brongn.

Janggut keli Syn. Paku ruan

Water sprite Syn. Water fern

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15

MS 325:2017

Table 2. Nomenclature for Malaysian vegetables (continued) Common name

No.

Family

45

Cleomaceae

Cleome gynandra L.

Maman

Cleome

46

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. Syn. Ipomoea reptans Poir.

Kangkung

Water spinach

47

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.

Keledek

Sweet potato

48

Cucurbitaceae

Benincasa hispida (Thunb. ex Murr.) Cogn.

Kundur

Wintermelon Syn. Wax gourd

49

Cucurbitaceae

Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt

Pepasan Syn. Timun tikus

Scarlet gourd Syn. Ivy gourd

50

Cucurbitaceae

Cucumis sativus L.

Timun Syn. Timun batang, mentimun, Timun jepun

Cucumber Syn. Japanese cucumber

51

Cucurbitaceae

Cucurbita maxima Duchesne

Labu merah

Squash Syn. Pumpkin

52

Cucurbitaceae

Cucurbita moschata Duchesne

Labu manis Syn. Labu loceng, Labu tukai

Butternut squash Syn. Crooked neck pumpkin

53

Cucurbitaceae

Cucurbita pepo L. Syn. Cucurbita verrucosa L.

Labu, Zukini

Pumpkin, Zucchini

54

Cucurbitaceae

Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.

Labu air Syn. Labu sayung, Labu botol

Calabash Syn. Bottle gourd

55

Cucurbitaceae

Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb.

Petola segi

Angled loofah

56

Cucurbitaceae

Luffa cylindrica (L.) M.Roem. Syn. Luffa aegyptiaca Mill.

Petola buntal

Smooth loofah

57

Cucurbitaceae

Momordica charantia L.

Peria, Peria katak, Kambas

Bitter gourd

58

Cucurbitaceae

Scopellaria marginata (Blume) W.J. de Wilde & Duyfjes. Syn. Zehneria marginata (Blume) Kerau.

Kundur tikus

Kundur tikus

59

Cucurbitaceae

Sechium edule (Jacq.) Swartz

Labu siam Syn. Timun duri

Cayote Syn. Grandmother's smile

60

Cucurbitaceae

Trichosanthes cucumerina L.

Petola ular Syn. Timun bengkok

Snake gourd

61

Cyperaceae

Eleocharis dulcis (Burm.f.) Trin. ex Hensch.

Sengkuang cina Syn. Buah berangan air

Chinese water chestnut

16

Botanical name

Bahasa Malaysia

English

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MS 325:2017

Table 2. Nomenclature for Malaysian vegetables (continued) No.

Family

Botanical name

Common name Bahasa Malaysia

English

62

Dioscoreaceae

Dioscorea bulbifera L.

Ubi angin

Air potato

63

Dioscoreaceae

Dioscorea alata L.

Ubi badak, ubi keduduk

Purple yam

64

Dioscoreaceae

Dioscorea hispida Dennst.

Ubi gadung

Intoxicating yam

65

Dioscoreaceae

Dioscorea esculenta (Lour.) Burkill

Ubi itik Syn. Ubi torak

Lesser yam

66

Euphorbiaceae

Claoxylon longifolium (Blume) Endl. ex Hassk.

Salang Syn. Sanglong

Salang

67

Euphorbiaceae

Manihot esculenta Crantz

Ubi kayu

Tapioca Syn. Cassava

68

Euphorbiaceae

Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr.

Cekur manis Syn. Asin-asin, Pucuk manis, Sabah choy, Cangkuk manis

Sweet leaf Syn. Sabah vege

69

Fabaceae

Arachis hypogaea L.

Kacang tanah

Groundnut

70

Fabaceae

Callerya atropurpurea (Wall.) Schott Syn. Milletia atropurpurea Wall.

Jenereh Syn. Tulang daing

Purple milletia

71

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Archidendron bubalinium (Benth.) Nielsen Syn. Pithecellobium bubalinum (Jack) Benth.

Kerdas Syn. Genuak, Geduak

Kerdas

72

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Archidendron jiringa (Jack) Nielsen

Jering

Jering

73

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Canavalia gladiata (Jacq.) DC.

Kacang parang

Sword bean

74

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet Syn. Dolichos lablab L.

Kacang sepat Syn. Kacang kara

Lab lab

75

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit

Petai belalang

Leucaena

76

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Neptunia oleracea Lour.

Kemang air Syn. Setangki

Water mimosa

77

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Pachyrhizus tuberosus (Lam.) Spreng

Sengkuang

Amazonian yam bean

78

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Parkia speciosa Hassk.

Petai

Stink bean Syn. Twisted cluster bean

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17

MS 325:2017

Table 2. Nomenclature for Malaysian vegetables (continued) Common name

No.

Family

Botanical name

79

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Phaseolus vulgaris L.

Kacang buncis

French bean

80

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Pisum sativum L.

Kacang manis Syn. Kacang pis, Kacang wangi

Sweet pea Syn. Garden pea, Sugar pea, Chinese snow pea

81

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC.

Kacang botor

Winged bean Syn. Angled bean

82

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Pers.

Turi Syn. Geti

Hummingbird tree

83

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Vigna radiata (L.) R.Wilczek Syn. Phaseolus aureus Roxb.

Tauge Syn. Kacang cambah

Bean sprout

84

Fabaceae Syn. Leguminosae

Vigna unguiculata ssp. sesquipedalis (L) Verdc. Syn. Vigna sinensis Savi ex Hausskn.

Kacang panjang

Long bean

85

Ganodermatacea e

Ganoderma lucidum (Curtis) P. Karst.

Cendawan lingzhi

Lingzhi Syn. Reshi

86

Lamiaceae

Premna foetida Reinw. ex Blume

Bebuas Syn. Buas, Sengkil

Bastard guelder

87

Lamiaceae

Ocimum tenuiflorum L. Syn. Ocimum sanctum L.

Kemangi

Holy basil

88

Lamiaceae

Plectranthus rotundifolius (Poir.) Spreng. Syn. Coleus tuberosus (Blume) Benth.

Kemili Syn. Ubi keling

Kaffir potato

89

Lamiaceae

Mentha arvensis L.

Pudina

Peppermint

90

Lamiaceae

Ocimum basilicum L.

Selasih

Sweet basil

91

Lamiaceae

Clerodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntze Syn. Siphonanthus indicus L.

Tongkat rasul

Tubeflower Syn. Turk's turban

92

Lamiaceae

Plectranthus rotundifolius (Poir.) Spreng.

Kentang hitam

Chinese potato

93

Lecythidaceae

Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng.

Putat kampung

Hippo apple Syn. Powder puff tree

94

Malvaceae

Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench.

Bendi

Lady's finger Syn. Okra

18

Bahasa Malaysia

English

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MS 325:2017

Table 2. Nomenclature for Malaysian vegetables (continued) No.

Family

Botanical name

Common name Bahasa Malaysia

English

95

Meliaceae

Azadirachta excelsa (Jack) M. Jacobs

Sentang

Chinaberry

96

Moraceae

Ficus obpyramidata King

Ara lempong

Common river fig

97

Moringaceae

Moringa oleifera Lamk.

Merunggai Syn. Remunggai, Kelo, Kacang kelur

Moringa Syn. Drumstick tree

98

Mrytaceae

Syzygium inophyllum DC. Syn. Syzygium inophyllum var. bernardii (King) I.M.Turner

Gelam tikus Syn. Enggelam tikus

Gelam tikus

99

Myrtaceae

Syzygium nervosum A.Cunn. DC.

Salam

Bay leaf

100

Myrtaceae

Syzygium polyanthum (Wight.) Walp

Serai kayu Syn. Kelat samak, Bungkang

Indonesian bay leaf

101

Nelumbonaceae

Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.

Teratai

Lotus

102

Opiliaceae

Champereia manillana (Blume) Merr.

Cemperai

Cemperai

103

Physalacriaceae

Flammulina velutipes (Curtis) Singer

Cendawan jarum emas

Enoki, Syn. Golden mushroom, Enokitake

104

Piperaceae

Piper sarmentosum Roxb.

Kaduk

Wild betel

105

Pleurotaceae

Pleurotus cystidiosus O. K. Mill.

Cendawan abalon

Abalone mushroom

106

Pleurotaceae

Lentinus sajor-caju (Fr.) Fr. Syn. Pleurotus sajor-caju Fr.

Cendawan tiram

Oyster mushroom

107

Pluteaceae

Volvariella volvacea (Bull.) Singer

Cendawan jerami padi

Paddy straw mushroom

108

Poaceae

Bambusa vulgaris Schrad.

Buluh minyak

Common bamboo

109

Poaceae

Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf

Serai

Lemon grass

110

Poaceae

Dendrocalamus asper (Schultes.) Backer

Buluh betung hitam

Rough bamboo Syn. Giant bamboo, Black asper bamboo

111

Poaceae

Gigantochloa levis (Blanco) Merr.

Buluh betung

Poring bamboo

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MS 325:2017

Table 2. Nomenclature for Malaysian vegetables (continued) No.

Family

Common name

Botanical name

Bahasa Malaysia

English

112

Poaceae

Zea mays L.

Jagung, Jagung sayur

Maize Syn. Corn, Baby corn

113

Polygonaceae

Persicaria minor (Huds.) Opiz Syn. Polygonum minus Huds.

Kesum

Knotweed Syn. Hot mint

114

Portulacaceae

Portulaca oleracea L.

Beremi Syn. Gelang pasir, Segan jantan

Purslane

115

Primulaceae

Ardisia elliptica Thunb.

Mata itik

Shoebutton ardisia

116

Primulaceae

Ardisia crenata Sims

Mata ayam Syn. Mata pelanduk

Coral ardisia

117

Rhamnaceae

Colubrina asiatica (L.) Brongn.

Peria pantai

Latherleaf

118

Rubiaceae

Paederia foetida L.

Sekentut

Skunkvine, Syn. Stinkvine, Chinese fever vine

119

Rutaceae

Melicope pteleifolia (Champ. ex Benth.) T. G. Hartley

Tenggek burung Syn. Daun cabang tiga

Tenggek burung

120

Rutaceae

Micromelum minutum Wight & Arn.

Cemamar Syn. Cemumar

Cemamar

121

Rutaceae

Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng.

Pokok kari

Curry leaf

122

Schizophyllaceae

Schizophyllum commune Fr.

Cendawan sisir Syn. Cendawan kukur

Split-gilled mushroom

123

Solanaceae

Capsicum annum L.

Cili Syn. Cili besar, Lada benggala, Cili benggala, Lada solok

Chilli Sweet pepper Syn. Bell pepper, Capsicum

124

Solanaceae

Capsicum frutescens L.

Cili padi Syn. Cili burung, Cabai burung, Cili api

Bird's eye pepper Syn. Bird's eye chilli

125

Solanaceae

Capsicum chinense Jacq.

Cili geronong

Ghost chilli Syn. Yellow lantern chili

126

Solanaceae

Lycium chinense Mill.

Kauki Syn. Kau kei

Chinese boxthorn

127

Solanaceae

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.

Tomato

Tomato

20

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MS 325:2017

Table 2. Nomenclature for Malaysian vegetables (concluded) No.

Family

Botanical name

Common name Bahasa Malaysia

English

128

Solanaceae

Solanum americanum Mill. Syn. Solanum nigrum L.

Ranti

Black nightshade

129

Solanaceae

Solanum lasiocarpum Dunal

Terung asam Syn. Terung dayak

Indian night shade

130

Solanaceae

Solanum melongena L.

Terung,terung telunjuk

Eggplant Syn. Brinjal, Aubergine

131

Solanaceae

Solanum torvum Swartz

Terung pipit Syn. Terung manggul

Turkey berry Syn. Prickly night shade

132

Tricholomataceae

Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Pegler

Shiitake Syn. Cendawan hitam

Shiitake mushroom

133

Verbenaceae

Vitex trifolia L.

Lemuni Syn. Lagundi

Simple leaf chastetree

134

Zingiberaceae

Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd. Syn. Languas galanga (L.) Stuntz

Lengkuas

Galangale Syn. Galangal, Greater galangal

135

Zingiberaceae

Curcuma longa L.

Kunyit

Turmeric

136

Zingiberaceae

Etlingera elatior (Jack) R. M. Smith

Kantan

Torch ginger

137

Zingiberaceae

Etlingera coccinea (Blume) S. Sakai & Nagam.

Tuhau Syn. Tepus

Tuhau

138

Zingiberaceae

Kaempferia galanga L.

Cekur Syn. Kencur

Aromatic ginger Syn. Sand ginger, Cutcherry, Resurrection lily

139

Zingiberaceae

Zingiber officinale Roscoe

Halia

Ginger

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MS 325:2017

Bibliography [1]

ISMAIL S., Ulam dan Sayuran Tempatan Semenanjung Malaysia, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka Kuala Lumpur, 2000

[2]

Durio of Malaysia, MARDI, 2010

[3]

Sayuran Tradisional Ulam dan Penyedap Rasa, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 2000

[4]

Edible Wild Plants in Sarawak, Sarawak Agricultural Department, 2010

[5]

Halimatul Saadiah, A. S., Sayur-sayuran Semenanjung Malaysia, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka Kuala Lumpur, 2003

[6]

Senarai Varieti Tanaman yang Didaftarkan oleh Jabatan Pertanian Malaysia, Jabatan Pertanian Malaysia, 2014

[7]

Senarai Inventori Varieti Tanaman Buah-buahan di Pusat Resitori dan Arboretum Jabatan Pertanian, 2014

[8]

Plant Resources of Sauth-Est Asia (PROSEA) 2 Edible fruits and Nuts, 1992

22

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Acknowledgements Members of Working Group on Nomenclature of Tropical Fruits and Vegetables Ms Norsam Alwi (Chairman) Ms Nor Azian Duriat (Secretary) Ms Siti Mariam Abd Ghani Mr Fazlisyam Isa Mr Jain Linton Mr Paulus Amin Det Dr Mohd Shukri Mat Ali/ Mr Mohd Norfaizal Ghazalli Prof Emeritus Dato’ Abdul Latiff Mohamad Dr Mohd Firdaus Ismail/ Dr Siti Zaharah Sakimin

Department of Agriculture Malaysia SIRIM Berhad Federal Agricultural Marketing Authority Department of Agriculture Malaysia Department of Agriculture Sabah Department of Agriculture Sarawak Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Universiti Putra Malaysia

Co-opted members Ms Khazana Ibrahim Prof Dr Mahmud T M Mohamed Prof Emeritus Dato’ Abdul Latiff Mohamad

Department of Agriculture Malaysia Universiti Putra Malaysia Independent expert

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© Copyright 2017 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or utilised in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from the Department of Standards Malaysia.

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