Data Loading...

9788184231342 Flipbook PDF

No description


127 Views
85 Downloads
FLIP PDF 6.95MB

DOWNLOAD FLIP

REPORT DMCA

_n`q-Xn-`q-j¨ _tµym-]m-≤ymb

{Ko≥ _pIvkv

]tY¿ ]m©men _n`q-Xn-`q-j¨ _tµym-]m-≤ymb 1894 sk]v‰w_¿ 12\v _wKm-fnse tKmjv]-Zm-˛-ap-cm-cn-]q¿ {Kma-Øn¬ P\-\w. 1914-˛¬ h\{Kmw sslkv°q-fn¬\n∂v H∂mw ¢mt msS sa{Sn-°p-te-j≥ ]m mbn. I¬°-Ø-bnse dn∏¨ tImtf-Pn¬\n∂v 1918-˛¬ UnÃn-Mvjt\msS _ncp-Zs - a-Sp-Øp. C°m-eØp hnhm-ln-X-\mbn. Gsd°gn-bp-w apºv `mcy acn-®p. 23 sIm√-Øn-\p-tijw ho≠pw hnhm-ln- X-\mbn. kmln-Xy-Øn-s‚ \m\m-im-J-I-fn-embn Fgp-]-tXmfw IrXn-Iƒ cNn-®p. 1950 \hw-_¿ 1˛\v _mc-°v]q-cnse Lm´vkn-eb - n¬h®v A¥-cn-®p. 1951-˛¬ C—m-aXn F∂ IrXnbpsS t]cn¬ ac-Wm-\-¥c _lp-a-Xn-bmbn c_o{µ ss{]kv \¬I-s∏´p. _n`q-Xn-`q-j-Wns‚ IrXn-Iƒ hnhn-[-`m-j-I-fn¬ hnh¿Ø\w sNbvXn´p≠v. {][m\ IrXn-Iƒ: ]tY¿]m-©men (1929), "A]-cm-PnX' (1931) "A]p¿k≥-km¿', taL-a-√m¿ (1931), au-cn-^q¬ (1932), bm{Xm _mZ¬ (1934), ZrjvSn-{]-Zo]v (1935), In∂¿Z¬ (1938), Bc-WyIv (1939), BZ¿i l - nµptlm´¬ (1940), A\p-h¿Ø≥ (1942), C—m-aXn (1950).

Fw.sI.F≥. t]m‰n: A[ym]I≥, A`n`mjI≥, hnh¿ØI≥. tIm´bw Pn√bnse taapdnbn¬ 1944 \hw_dn¬ P\\w. `pht\iz¿ ]q¿h `mjm tI{µØn¬\n∂v _wKmfnbn¬ Untπma. _wKmfn kmlnXyØn¬\n∂v \nch[n anI® IrXnIƒ aebmfØnte°v hnh¿Ø\w sNbvXn´p≠v. \nba{KŸßfpw cNn®n´p≠v. hnemkw: taapdn, tIm´bw ˛ 686 617 www.bhagavathasapthaham.com

1

]tY¿ ]m©men

2

_n`q-Xn-`q-j¨ _tµym-]m-≤ymb

t\mh¬

]tY¿ ]m-©men _n`q-Xn-`q-j¨ _tµym]m-≤ymb

hnh¿Ø\w:

Fw.-sI.-F≥ - . t]m‰n

{Ko≥ _pIvkv 3

]tY¿ ]m©men green books private limited little road, ayyanthole, thrissur- 680 003 ph: 0487-2361038 website: www.greenbooksindia.com e-mail: [email protected] bengali title pather panchali (malayalam) pather panchali (novel) by bibhoothibhooshan bandyopadhyaya translated by m.k.n. potty first published april 2009 reprinted july 2016 copyright reserved cover design : rajesh chalode

branches: thrissur 0487-2422515 palakkad 0491-2546162 kannur 0497-2763038 Thiruvananthapuram 9846670899 isbn : 978-81-8423-134-2

no part of this publication may be reproduced, or transmitted in any form or by any means, without prior written permission of the publisher

GBPL/279/2009/X006

4

_n`q-Xn-`q-j¨ _tµym-]m-≤ymb

apJ°pdn _n`q-Xn-`q-j≥ _tµym-]m-≤ym-b-bpsS amÿ]okv F∂v \ncq-]-I¿ hnti-jn-∏n® IrXn-bmWv ]tY¿ ]m©m-en. 1929¬ Cu t\mh¬ {]kn-≤o-Ir-X-am-b-tXm-sS_n`q-Xn-`q-j¨ _wKmfn kmln-Xy-Øn¬ hn-Jym-X-\m-bn. "ssKUv Sp tamtU¨ thƒUv en‰-td-®-dn'¬ "Imhym-fl-I-X-bp-sSbpw B¿{Z-`mh-ß-fp-sSbpw Bhn-jv°m-c-Øn¬ A\p-]-a-amb cN-\-bmWv ]tY¿ ]m©men'sb∂v tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ønbncn-°p-∂p. am{X-a√ _n`qXn`qjs\ B[p-\n-I-Im-esØ C¥y≥ t\mh-en-Ãv F∂pw hnti-jn-∏n®ncn-°p-∂p. Ccp-]Xmw \q‰m-≠nse C¥y≥ kmln-Xy-Øn¬, KZy-Øn-em-bmepw ]Zy-Øn-em-bm-epw, ]tY¿ ]m©m-en°p kZr-i-ambn as‰m-∂n-√. _wKm-fnse {KmaoW Pohn-X-Øns‚ kXy-k-‘-hpw B[n-Im-cn-Ihpamb Hcp tUm°p-sa‚dn F∂p hnti-jn-∏n-°m-hp∂ Cu IrXn Dt]-{µ-\mY KmwKp-en-bpsS "hnNn{X' amkn-I-bn-emWv BZy-ambn shfn®w I≠-Xv. A]p-hns‚ _mey-Im-e-Po-hn-XsØ hnIm-tcm-jva-f-X-tbmsS _n`q-Xn-`q-j¨ Cu t\mh-en¬ Bhn-jvI-cn-°p-∂p. {Kma-Po-hnXw AXns‚ ka-kvX- `w-Kn-I-tfmSpw IqSn ChnsS apJw ImWn-°p-∂p. lrZyhpw kpµ-c-hp-amWnXnse BJym-\-ssi-en. kPo-h-amWv {]Ir-Xn-h¿Æ-\. {Kma-]-›m-Ø-ehpw hr£-ßfpw ]q°fpw ]pg-Ifpw Acp-hn-Ifpw hb-ep-Ifpw h\-ß-fp-sa√mw \sΩ Bthiw sIm≈n-°pw. Hcp-th-f, {]Ir-Xn-bmWnXnse tI{µ-I-Ym-]m-{X-sa∂p- ]-d-bmw. C¥y≥ `mj-Iƒ°p ]pdsa \nc-h[n bqtdm-]y≥ `mj-I-fn¬ _n`q-Xn-`q-js‚ t\mh-ep-Iƒ hnh¿Ø\w sNø-s∏-´n´p≠v. ]e k¿∆-I-em-im-e-I-fnepw Cu t\mh-ep-Iƒ ]Tn-∏n-®p-h-cp-∂p. kXy-PnØvtd \n¿∆-ln® Ne-®n-{Xm-hn-jv°m-c-ß-fn-eqsS _n`q-Xn-`q-js‚ cN-\-Iƒ hniz-{]-kn-≤n-bm¿÷n-®p. IrjvWZmkv amt\PnMv FUn‰¿

5

]tY¿ ]m©men

6

_n`q-Xn-`q-j¨ _tµym-]m-≤ymb

H∂v

lcn-lc- d- m-bn-bpsS CjvSnI ]Sp-Øp-sI-´nb tXbv°mØ hoSv \n›nµn]pcw {Kma-Øns‚ hSt° A‰-ØmWv. lcn-lc - ≥ A{X Zcn-{Z\√ [\nI-\p-a√ - . IpSpw-_k - z-Øm-bn°n´nb Ipd®p hbepw ]dºpw D≠v. AXn¬ \n∂p≈ BZm-bhpw aq∂m-ep-ho-Sp-If - nse ]utcm-ln-Xy-Øn¬ \n∂p≈ hm¿jnI Z£n-Wbpw F√mw IqSn-°q´n X´n-ap´n IpSpw-_-s®-e-hp-Iƒ \SØn-t∏m-Ip-∂p. Xte∂v GIm-Z-in-bm-bn-cp-∂p. AI-∂ -_-‘-Øn¬ lcn-l-cs‚ tN®n-bmb Cµn-cm T - m-°q- c¨ apdn-bpsS ap≥h-iØ - n-cp∂v Acn- hdpØp s]mSn®p a[pcw tN¿ØXv Dcp-´n- {]`m-X`- £ - Ww Ign-°p-Ib - m-Wv. sXm´SpØp lcn-l-cs‚ Bdp hb- mb aIƒ Zp¿§ an≠msX Ccn-°p-∂p. Cµncm Tm°qc¨ Hmtcm ]nSnbpw hmcn InÆ-Øn¬ \n∂v Db¿Øn Dcp´n hmbn-tebv°p sIm≠pt]m-Ip-∂Xp IÆn-a-bv°msX Icp-Wm]q¿∆-ambn ImWp-Ibpw {ItaW iq\y-am-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ InÆ-Øntebv°p CS-bv°nsS \ncm-it- bmsS t\m°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p≠v Ahƒ. H∂p c≠p XhW Ft¥m ]d-bWw, F¥p ]d-bWw F∂ a´n¬ an≠m≥ XpS-ßn-sb-¶nepw Ahƒ°v H∂pw ]d-bm≥ Ign-™n-√. Cµn-cm Tm°q-c¨ Hmtcm ]nSn-bmbn hmcn-Øn∂p InÆw Imen-bm°nbn´p Ip´n-bpsS t\tc t\m°n ]d-™p: ""IjvSw tamtf \n\°p th≠n c≠p]nSn _m°n-h® - n-√t√m t\m°nt°.'' Ahƒ Icp-Wm-`m-h-Øn¬ ]d™p. ""kmc-an√ Nn‰Ω Xnt∂mfq.'' c≠p ]gw AhnsS Ccp-∂-Xn¬ Hs∂-SpØv Cµn-cm -Tm°qc¨ Ip´nbpsS ssIbn¬ sImSp-Øp. Ct∏mƒ Ip´n-bpsS IÆp-Iƒ Xnfßn. Ahƒ Nn-‰-bpsS Iøn¬\n∂v B {]kmZw taSn®p {i≤-tbmsS apdn®p hmbnen´p Nh-bv°m≥ XpS-ßn. hoSn-\-IØp \n∂v At∏mƒ Ah-fpsS AΩ hnfn-®p. ""\o ]nt∂w AhnsS sN∂p NS-™n-cn-°p-I-bm-tWm. Fgp-t∂‰v ChnsShm.'' Cµn-cm- Tm-°qc¨ hnfn®p ]d-™p: ""Ahƒ Fs‚ ASp-Øn-cn-°p∂p≠v. H∂pw sNøp-∂n-√. ChnsS Ccp-t∂m-s´.'' F∂n´pw AhfpsS AΩ imk-\m-kz-c-Øn¬ ]d-™p: ""th≠ F¥n-\mWn-ßs\ Hcmƒ 7

]tY¿ ]m©men

Blmcw Ign-°p-∂nSØp t]mbn hmtbev t\m°n-bn-cn-°p∂Xv. F\n°-Xv CjvS-a√.'' Ip´n- t]-Sn®v Fgp-t∂‰p t]mbn. Cµn-c-Tm-°q-cWn\p lcn-l-cdmbnbpambn AI∂ _‘-ta -D-≈q. AΩm-hs‚ ho´nse GtXm hIbn¬ Hcp s]ß-fpsS aIƒ. AXp-sIm≠p Zp¿§ Nn‰ F∂p hnfn-°p∂p. lcn-lc - dmbn-bpsS ]q¿-∆] - p-cp-j∑ - m-cpsS hoSv ASpØp≈ hnjvWp-]pcw {Kma-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂p. lcn-l-cs‚ A—≥ cmwNµv dmbn-bpsS BZy-`mcy acn-®p. c≠m-aXp hnhmlw Ign-∏n-°m≥ Imc-W-h-∑m¿ D’m-ln-°p∂ns√∂p I≠-t∏mƒ t£m`-ap-≠m-bn. aq∂m-ep-h¿jw \mWn®p t]Sn®p an≠m-Xn-cp-s∂-¶nepw ]ns∂-∏ns∂ Hfn™pw sXfn™pw c≠mw hnhmlØn-\p≈ ]cn-{iaw XpSßn. D®bv°v DuWp Ign™p I´n-en¬ Xncn™pw adn™pw ap°nbpw aqfnbpw InS-∂p. InS-∂p-sIm≠v Bscsb-¶nepw I≠m¬ F\n-°m-cm-Wp-≈Xv, Fs∂ BcmWp t\m°p-∂Xv, `mcy-bn-√m-Ø-hs\ klm-bn-°m≥ `K-hm\pw hcp-I-bn√ F∂pw a‰pw ]d-™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw. GXm-bmepw A[nIw Xma-kn-bmsX Cu \n›nµn]pcØp\n∂p c≠mw thfn Ign®p. A[nIw\mƒ I-gnbpwapºv hnjvWp]pc-Øn¬ \n∂p _ p-Ib - dn Ctßm´p t]m∂p Xmakhpambn. Chn-sSh∂p izip-cs‚ D’m-lØ - n¬ kwkvIrXw ]Tn-°m≥ XpS-ßn. Aßs\ Cu {]tZ-isØ \√ Hcp ]-fin-X-\mbn Db¿∂p. F¶nepw Fs¥¶nepw {]hr-Øn-bn¬ At±lw G¿s∏-´n-√. AXn-\t- ±-lsØ sIm≈ptam F∂ Imcy-Ønepw kwi-ba - p-≠v. kwi-bØ - n\p Imc-Wh - pap-≠v. sIm√Øn¬ Hº-Xp-am-khpw `mcy Ah-fpsS AΩho´n¬-Øs∂-bmWp Xmakw. a°fpw Ah-cpsS-Iq-sS-bp-≠mhpw. cmwN-µm-sW-¶n¬ c≠pt\chpw `£Ww Ign-°m≥ IrXy-ka-bØp `mcy--ho-´n-se-Øpw. _m°n kab-sams° ]Xndmw aptJ-jns‚ If-∏p-cb - psS XnÆ-bn¬ sN∂n-cp∂v Aßs\ Cßs\ t\cw X≈n-\o-°pw. "]finXv aimbn `mcy-bpw aI\pw Ct√ Ahsc t\mt°t≠' F∂p tNmZn-®m¬ cmwN-µv ]dbpw: ""AXn¬ t]Sn-°m-\n-√. *{hPNt°mØn-bpsS ]Øm-b-∏p-c-bn¬ XqIp∂ Acn s]dp-°n-sb-Sp-Øm¬ Ah¿°p Pohn°mw.'' CXp-t]mse C\n D]-tZ-in-°m≥ hcp-∂h - s‚ hmb-S∏ - n-°m-\p≈ bp‡n B-tem-Nn°pw. ]ns∂ BsI hnNmcn°m-\p-≠m-bn-cp∂Xp ka-bm-k-a-b-ß-fn¬ ho´nse-Øp∂ Imcyw am{Xw. ]t£ {hP-N-t°mØn-bpsS ]Øm-b-∏pc F∂pw Acn- Xq-hp-I-bns√∂p `mcym]nXm-hp- a-cn®p sshImsX Xs∂ a\- n-em-bn. lcnlc\p `qkz-sØm-∂p-an-√m-bn-cp-∂p. kºm-Zy-hp-an-√m-bn-cp-∂p. Fß-s\tbm aq∂mep-ho-SpI-fn¬ BNm-cy-ÿm\w kwL-Sn-∏n-®p. Ah¿ aptJ\ X´nap-´n-Ign-™p. aI-s\bpw hf¿Øn. cmwNµns‚ AΩm-hs‚ aI≥ ChnsS hnhmlw Ign-®p. Cu ho´n¬ Xma-kn-®n-cp∂ Ah¿ aptJ-\bpw * {hP-N-I-h¿Øn. Nt°mØn F∂Xp kw`m-j-W-`mj 8

_n`q-Xn-`q-j¨ _tµym-]m-≤ymb

cmwNµn\p [mcmfw klm-bß - ƒ In´n-bn-cp-∂p. B ktlm-Zc - s‚ aI≥ \oeaWn-dmbn°p IΩo-jW - ¿ Hm^o-kn-em-bn-cp∂p tPmen. tPmen-°mcyØn\p IqSp-X¬ ka-bhpw AIse Ign®pIq´-W-am-bn-cp∂p. AXpsIm≠p \oe-aWn A—s\bpw AΩ-sbbpw \Kc-Øn-tebv°p sIm≠p t]mbn. Ing-t°-_w-Km-fn-ep≈ {]kn-≤a - mb P∑n-Ip-Spw-_Ø - n-te°v Cµncm Tm-°q-cWns\ hnhmlw Ign®psImSp-Øb - ® - X - m-sW∂p tI´n-´p-≠v. Hcp Xh-Wtb B `¿Øm-hp Cu {Kma-Øn¬ h∂n-´p≈p. Hcp cm{Xn XnI®pw \n∂n√. hgn-s®-ehpw Z£n-Wbpw taSn®psIm≠p bm{X ]d-™n-dß - n. Cµn-cm-Tm-°qcWn\p ]ns∂ c≠p-]n-Sn-t®mdp sImSp-Øn-cp-∂Xv Hcp ktlmZ-c-\m-Wv. B ktlm-Z-c\pw AIm-e-Øn¬ acn-®p. lcn-l-c-dm-bn-bpsS ]nXmhv cma-Nµv dmbn Cu hoSp-sI-´n-s∏m-°n-bt∏mƒ apX¬ Cµn-cmTm°qc¨ Cu ho´n-ep≠v. CsXms° ]g-b -I-YIƒ. AXp-Ig- n-™n-´p Imew hf-sc-bm-bn, Aº-e° - p-fØ - nse sh≈-Øn¬ Xma-c-bpsS F{X hwiw Infn¿Øp h∂p. No™p-t]mbn. N{I-h¿ØnbpsS Xcnim-bn-°n-S∂ ]d-ºn¬ koXm-\mYv aptJjv ]pXnb a[p-c\mcIØøp-Iƒ \´p. Ahbv°pw hb- mbn. Im^ew \n∂p. F{X hoSpIƒ D≠m-bn. F{Xtbm hoSp-Iƒ Hgn-™p-t]mbn F{Xtbm tKmtemIvN{I-h¿Ønamcpw {hP-N-{I-h¿Ønamcpw NØp-t]m-bn. C—maXn \Zn-bnse sh≈w F{X-h´w Ie-ßn-sØ-fn™p. Ime-Øns‚ IpsØ-gp-°v F{Xtbm tPm¨k¨tXmwk¨ bP-am-\∑ - m-scbpw aPpwZm¿am-scbpw Fhn-tS-bvt°m s - Im≠pt]mbn. Cµn-cm-Tm-°qc¨ am{Xw Ct∏mgpw Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. (B-bn-cØn Ccp\p-‰n-\m-ev]X - n-se) A∂sØ Npdp-Np-dp-°p≈ {]k-∂b - mb bph-Xn-b√. Fgp-]Ø -- n-b©p-hb -   - mb hr≤-bmWv. Ihnƒ icn°pw H´nbn-cn-°p-∂p. icocw ap≥t]m´v Aev]w hf-™n-cn-°p-∂p. Zqsc-bn-cn-°p∂ km[-\ß - ƒ apºsØt∏mse icn°p hy‡-am-bn-Im-Wp-∂n-√. IÆns‚ apI-fn-embn ssI]n-Sn®v \o BcmWv \hot\m? t_lm-cntbm? A√, Hm \o cmPpht√ F∂n-ßs\ tNmZn-°pw. Cµn-cm-Tm-°q-cWns‚ I¨ap-ºn¬ Cu sXmSn°p-Xs∂ Ipd®p h√XpamtWm am‰w h∂n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Ct∏mƒ ImSp-]n-Sn®p InS-°p∂ Cu ap‰Øp e£vao-]q¿Æn-a-bpsS Znh-k-ß-fn¬ {Kma-Øn-ep-≈-h-scms° kXy-\m-cm-bW ]qPbv°v FØn-t®-cp-am-bn-cp-∂p. henb Nfio-a-fi]-Øns‚ apºn-ep≈ hcm-¥-bn¬ cmhn-sebpw sshIp-t∂-chpw Hs° Bfp-I-fp-≠m-Ipw. A∂v CXpt]mse apf-¶m-Sp-Iƒ D≠m-bn-cp-t∂m. ]utjm-’-h-Øn\v F{X Acn-bmWp h®n-cp-∂-Xv. IÆ-S®v H∂v Hm¿Øm¬ Cµn-cm-Tm-°qcWn\v CsXms° a\- n¬ sXfn™p ImWmw. Cu dmbn IpSpw-_-Ønse \Sp-hn-esØ aIƒ A∂p s]Æp-ß-sfbpw Iq´n Acn ]m‰n-s°mgn-°m≥ hcm-dp-≠.v temI-P\ - \ - n-bmb e£vao-tZhnsbt∏mse cq]hpw kz`m-h-ap≈ Ahƒ apºn¬ h∂p ssI\o-´n-bn-´p≠v. 9

]tY¿ ]m©men

ZzmZ-in-\m-fn¬ ]mc-Wbv°v Ce-h®p hnf-ºn-Ø-∂n-´p-≠v. Bscms° Ftßm-s´ms° t]mbn. A°m-esØ Bcpw Pohn-®n-cn-∏n-√. ]gb kpJZpx-J-ß-fpsS Imcy-tam¿Øp c≠p hm°v BtcmSp ]d-bm≥. AXp-Ig - n™v Cu IpSpw-_Ø - n-¬ A`bw X∂ cmwN-µvdmbn acn®p. aI≥ lcn-l-c-dmbn hgn-bnepw ]dºnepw Xp≈n-®m-Sn-\-S-°p∂ -Imew. apJ¿PnbpsS ]d-ºn¬°-bdn ]®-∏pfn ]dn®p Xn∂m≥ t]mbn, ]pfnbn¬ \n∂p hoWp ssIsbm-Sn-™p. c≠p-aq-∂p-amkw InS-∂p. AsXms° A∂sØ IY. XnSp-°-s∏´p sIm®p-\m-fn¬Øs∂ lcn-l-c-s\-s°m≠p hnhmlw Ign∏n-®p. ]nXmhp acn® DS≥, ]Øp-h-b p am{Xw {]mb-ap≈ \h-hnhm-ln-Xsb ho´n¬ C´n-´p- lcn-lc - ≥ \m-Sp-hn-´p. F´p-]Ø - p-sIm-√t- Ø°p Hcp hnh-chpw C√. Aßs\bncn-°p-tºmƒ Hcp Xp≠v FgpØv, As√¶n¬ Ing-hn-Ø≈ - b - psS t]¿°v At©m- ]tØm cq] aWn-Hm¿U¿. Cu ho´n¬ h∂n´v, F{X Znhkw ]´nWnbpambn ASpØ ho´nse `nØnbnte°p t\m°ns°m≠p Ign-®p-Iq-´n! Hcp]mSp Imew Ign™p. Ct∏mƒ Btd-gp-h¿j-ambn lcn-lc≥ hoSpw IpSpw-_hpw t\m°n -\-S-Øn-h-cp-∂p. lcn-l-c-dm-bn°v Hcp aIƒ P\n®p. B Ip´n°pw Bdp-hb -   - m-bn. Ing-hn°v At∏m-ƒ tXm∂n sIm®p\m-fn-e-sØ-t∏mse ho´n¬ ho≠pw H®bpw Bf-\-°hpw D≠m-sb-∂v. hnjaw ]nSn® Ah-cpsS Pohn-XØ - n¬ B Ip´n-°m-es - Ø-∏‰n Hm¿°pI F∂√msX thsdmcp kpJtam hnt\m-Ztam C√. lcn-l-cs‚ sIm®p-a-Iƒ Zp¿§sb Hcp \nanjw t]mepw ImWm-Xncn-°m≥ høm. Cµn-cm-Tm-°qcWn\pw Hcp aI-fp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. hntiz-izcn. sNdp-{]m-b-Øn¬Øs∂ hnhmlw Ign™v, A[nIw sshIpw ap≥]pacn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. lcn-lc - s‚ ]p{Xn-bn-eqsS, hntiz-iz-cn-bpsS acWØn-\p-tijw \mev]Xp h¿jw Ign™v, Ah-cnse A\mY-amb amXrXzw Xncn-s®-Øn. s]¨Ip-´n-bpsS £oWn-X-amb `wKn-bnepw Adnhphbv°mØ IÆnse Nncn-bnepw t\m°n\n∂ Hcp aplq¿Ø-Øn¬ \mev]Xp h¿jw Dd-ßn-°n-S∂ - n-cp∂ amXr-Xz-Zmlw Cµn-cm-Tm-°q-cWn¬ DW¿∂p. F¶nepw B{K-ln-®X - p-t]mse \S-∂n-√. lcn-lc - s‚ `mcy ImWm≥ kpµ-cn-bm-sW-¶nepw Cµn-cm-Tm-°qcWns\ Ahƒ°p IsÆSpØm¬ I≠p-Iq-Sm. FhnsS \n∂mWp XpS-ßn-b-sX-∂-dn-bn√. Ah-tcm-Sp≈ AIev® IqSn-°qSn Hcn-°¬ s]m´n-sØ-dn-®p. sXm´Xn\pw ]nSn-®X - n\pw Hs° hg-°m-bn. Ipsd Gsd kln-®p. HSp-hn¬ Hcp Znhkw CStØ ssIbn¬ Hcp ]n®-fs - am-¥bpw hetØ s - sI-bn¬ Hcp XpWn-k© - n-bpambn Cµn-cm-Tm-°qc¨ B ho´n¬ \n∂n-dß - n. ]d-ºnse C√n-°q´-Øns‚ XW-en¬ Ccp-∂p. henb ZpxJ-tØmsS ]I¬ apgp-h≥ Ign®p-Iq-´n. sshIpt∂-ca - m-bt- ∏m-tg°pw lcn-lc - s‚ sIm®p-aI - ƒ sXc™p h∂p. 10

_n`q-Xn-`q-j¨ _tµym-]m-≤ymb

Ah-cpsS tNe-bpsS XpºØp ]nSn®p hen®p XpS-ßn. hcp Nn‰tΩ, Fgp-t∂‰p hcq. C\n Nn‰-Ωsb hg-°p-]d - b - c - p-sX∂p Rm≥ AΩ-tbmSp ]dbmw, hcq. Ip´n-bpsS ssI]n-Sn-®psIm≠p k‘ybv°v Ccp-´Øp hr≤ ho-´n¬ XncnsI h∂p. k¿h-Pb apJw tIm´n-s°m≠p tNmZn-®p. h∂t√m, \n߃ Fhn-sS-t∏m-Im-\m-W,v F¥m-bmepw Ctßm´pXs∂ htc≠nhcpw. Cßs\ ho´n¬ \n∂v Cd-ßn-t∏m-Iepw Xncn-®p-hc - hpw XpS-ßn-bn´p h¿j-ßf - m-bn-. sI´n-s∏-dp°n Cdßpw, ]ns∂ Ibdn-hc - pw. lcn-l-cs‚ hoSns‚ Hcp Nm¿Øpapdn hf-sc-°mew B¿°pw th≠msX InS-∂n-cp-∂-Xm-Wv. AXn-emWv hr≤- Xm-a-kn-°p-∂-Xv. Hcp apf-¶´- nepw c≠p hncn-∏p-Xp-≠pw. Hcp Iºn-fn-∏p-X∏pw D≠v. AXn-se√mw \ndsb Xp∂n-s°-´ep-I-fm-Wv. ]n©n-°o-dp-Itbm IpØn-°odp-Itbm sNbvXm¬ Iq´n-Øb - v°m≥ am{Xw I-Æn\p ImgvNb - n-√. F¶nepw IjvSs∏´v BZy-sams° Iq´n-Ø-bv®n-cp-∂p. ]ns∂ ]ns∂ kqNn-bn¬ \peptIm¿°m≥ am{Xw kq£va-X IÆn-\n-√m-Xm-bn. hn´p-t]mb A‰-߃ Iq´n-s°-´pw. CSbv°v \√ shfn-®-ap-≈-t∏mƒ hr≤ XpWn-I-sf√mw ap‰Øp sIm≠p h∂p shbn-e-Øn´p- D-W-°pw. Hcn-°epw D]-tbm-K-an√m-Ø-Xm-sW-¶nepw hntiz-iz-cn-bpsS kmcnIfpw ªukp-Ifpw jmfpIfpw Hs°bp≠v. IjvS-s∏´p kºm-Zn® AsXms° `{Z-ambn DW-°ns°´n kq£n-®p-hb - ° v p-∂p-≠.v Hcp ]n®f U∫, a¨I-ew, Hcp a¨N´n, AXn-s‚ AS∏v. ]n®f U∫-bv°-IØp \nd®pw Acn- h-dp-Øp-h-®n-cn°p-I-bm-Wv. AXp XncnI√n¬ C´p s]mSn®v CS-bv°nsS Xn∂pw. c≠paq∂p sIm®p-sN-∏p-If - p-≠.v H∂n¬ D∏v, H∂n¬ ISp-sIÆ, H∂n¬ \ndsb i¿°-c. k¿∆-Pb - t- bmSp tNmZn-®m¬ Ft∏mgpw In´n-sb∂p hcn-√. AXpsIm≠p X°w t\m°n ho´n¬ \n∂pXs∂ Is´-SpØp sIm≠p-h∂p kq£n-®p-h®n-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. k¿∆-Pb Cu apdn-bn-te°p h√-t∏mgpta hcm-dp-≈q. F∂m¬ AhfpsS aIƒ F∂pw k‘ybv°v Nn‰-Ωb - psS I´n-en¬ h∂n-cp∂p hfsc t\cw AΩq-Ω° - Y - I - ƒ tIƒ°m-dp-≠v. Ipsd t\cw I - Y tI´ncp-∂n´p ]d-bpw: ""Nn‰tΩ B I≈s‚ IY ]dbq.'' ]e -{]-mhiyw ]d™XmsW-¶nepw B IY ]ns∂bpw ]ns∂bpw ]d-b-Ww. ]dbmsX Ip´n kΩ-Xn-°p-I-bn-√. ]ns∂ Ipsd t\cw hmbvØmcn tIƒ°-W-w. ""i_vZ `wKnbpw hnNn-{X-IY - m- k - m-ch - p-ap≈'' [mcmfw hmbvØm-cn-Iƒ Cµn-cm-Tm-°q-cWn-\-dn-bmw. sIm®p-\m-fn¬Øs∂ hmbvØm-cn-Iƒ ImWmsX sNm√p-hm≥ anSp°n F∂ \ne-bn¬ Cµn-cm-Tm-°qc¨ F¥pam{Xw {]iw-k -t\-Sn-bn-´p-≠v! AXn-\p-tijw C{X-am{Xw kl-\-i-‡n-bp≈ Hcp t{imXm-hns\ In´n-bn-´n-√. Ct∏mƒ Xs∂ tIƒ°m≥ th≠n Hcp tIƒhn-°mcn ASpØp h∂n-cn-°p-∂p. A-Xn-\m¬ F√m- Zn-hk - hpw k‘ybv°v CµncmTm-°qc¨ Ah¿°-dn-bm-hp∂ OU-Is - f√mw sNm√n B sIm®p-tIƒhn°m-cn-bn¬ A¤p-Xhpw IS-∏mSpw krjvSn-°pw, \o´n \o´n-∏m-Spw: 11

]tY¿ ]m©men

"Hme-fntX Nmw]vIe - ntX FIvSm IYm jp≥tj cm[m¿Ltd tNmdvSp-tItO' C{Xbpw sNm√n-bn´p Nncn \nd™ apJ-tØmsS Ip´n-bpsS apJtØbv°p t\m°pw. "Nqtem-_m[m GIv an≥tj'. an F∂ A£cØn\v A[nIw Du∂¬ \evIn sIm®p-Xe \∂mbn \nh¿Øn apJw s]m¥n®p XmSn apt∂m´p \o´nsIm≠p "an≥tj' F∂ hm°ns‚ D®mcWw Ahkm\n-∏n-°p-tºmƒ Ahƒ°p hfsc kt¥m-jam-Ipw. Cßs\ Ipd®p sNm√n-bn´p ]Z-]q-cW - Ø - n\v C´p sImSp-Øv Ahsf tXmev]n-°m≥ Ffp-∏a - √ - . Ahƒ F√mw ]Tn®p h®n-´p-≠.v Ccp´mbnØpSßp-tºm-tg°pw AΩ cm{Xn `£-W-Øn\p hnfn-°p-tºmƒ Fgp-t∂‰p t]mIpw.

c≠v

lcn-cl - c - d- m-bn-bpsS ]q¿∆-]p-cpj-∑m-cpsS {Kma-amb tPmjUm hnjvWp]q-cnse [\n-Icmb Nu[p-cn-am¿ {]mNo\ ImeØp Ipsd {_m“-Wsc sIm≠p-h∂p `qan-Zm\w sImSp-Øp Xma-kn-∏n-®p. lcn-l-cs‚ ]q¿∆]pcpj≥ hnjvWpdmw dmbn B {_m“-W-cn¬ Hcm-fmWv. {_o´o-jp `cWw At∏mgpw `mc-XØ - n¬ thcv- D-d® - n-cp-∂n√. KXmKXam¿§-ßf - n¬ F√mw I≈-∑m¿, ]nSn®p]dn-°m¿, IS¬-s°m≈-°m¿ XpSßn-bh - c - psS D]-{Zhw Gsd-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Cu I≈-∑mcn¬ IqSp-Xepw tlmhm-em, _mKvZn, _mDZn h¿§-°m-cmbn-cp-∂p. Ah¿ hfsc Icp-Ø∑mcpw Ip¥hpw hSnbpw hSn-hmfpw D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂X - n¬ ka¿∞-∑m-cpam-bn-cp-∂p. an° {Kma-ß-fp-sSbpw AXn¿Øn-I-fn¬ Ch¿ ÿm]n® Icn¶m-fn-aµ - n-cß - ƒ Ct∏mgpw ImWmw. ]I-sems° Cu I≈-∑m¿ am\y∑m-cmbn \√- th-j-Øn¬ \S-°pw. cm{Xn-bn¬ Imfo-]q-Pbpw Ign™p Zqscbp≈ {Kma-Ønse hoSp-Iƒ sIm≈-bS- n-°m-\n-dß - pw. A°m-eØp [\nI Kr-l-ÿ-∑m-cpw sIm≈-b-Sn®p kºm-Zn-°m-dp-≠mbn-cp∂p. hwK`qanbnse ]e Pan-µm¿am-cp-tSbpw henb ÿnXn-bn-ep≈ Xd-hm-Sn-IfptSbpw kº-Øns‚ ASn-Ød Cßs\ ]q¿∆]pcp-j-∑m-cp-≠m-°nb sIm≈-ap-Xe - m-Wv. ]gb _wKm-fns‚ IY-Iƒ Adn-bm-hp-∂h - ¿s°ms° Cu IYbpw Adn-bmw. hnjvWpdmw dmbn-bpsS ]p{X≥ _ocp-dm-bn°v Cu A]-JymXn D≠mbn-cp-∂p. At±-lØ - n\p ÿnc-iº - fw ]‰p∂ TmwKnUn- h¿K-Øn¬ s]´ ]nSn-®p-]-dn-°m¿ tkh-I-cmbn D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. \n›n-µn-]pcw {KmaØns‚ hSt° `mKØp IqSn \hm-_vKRvPn-te°p t]mIp∂ hgn-b-cpIn¬ t\ms°ØmØ hnim-e-am-b ssaXm-\-Ønse Tm°q¿Qn-X-SmIØns‚ Icbv°mbn-cp∂p Cu tkh-I-cpsS Xmhfw. XSmIØns‚ 12

_n`q-Xn-`q-j¨ _tµym-]m-≤ymb

Icbn¬ ]S¿∂p hf¿∂p\nev°p∂ t]cm-ens‚ Nph´n¬ Hfn-®n-cp-∂v H∂p-a-dn-bmsX hcp∂ ]mhw bm{X-°msc sIm∂n´v Ah-cpsS ssIbnep≈sX√mw Ch¿ sIm≈-b-Sn-®n-cp-∂p. Cu Tmw-Kn-Un-IfpsS sIm≈sNø¬ A¤pXcoXn-bnem-bn-cp-∂p. apf-hS- n-sIm≠p Xe-bv°S- n®p hogn®n-´mWv ssIbn¬ h√-Xp-apt≠m F∂p t\m°p-∂-Xv. AXn-\m¬ Nnet∏mƒ ASntb‰p acn® Bfp-If - psS ssIbn¬ Nn√nss∏k-t]mepw I≠ns√∂p hcpw. CØcw kw`-h-ßfpw Ipd-hm-bn-cp-∂n-√. acn® B-fpsS ihw XSmI-Øn-te°v FSp-Øn´v ASpØ Ccsb B{I-an®v B ]mgv{iaØns‚ £oWw Xo¿-°m≥ Ah¿ B¬®p-h-´n-te°p XncnsI hcpw. B henb B¬acw Ct∏mgpw D≠v. hgn-b-cp-In¬ Ipgn™pInS-°p∂ B ÿ-esØ Ct∏mgpw Tm°q¿Qn-XS- mIw F∂p Xs∂-bmWp ]d-bp∂-Xv. AXv Ct∏mƒ Hcp ]mS-am-Wv. s\√p hnX-bv°-m\mbn \new Dgptºmƒ Irjn-°m-cpsS Ie-∏b - n¬Ø´n a\pjyØe-tbm-Sp-Iƒ s]mßnhcm-dp-≠v. Cßs\ Hcp IY tI´n-´p-≠v. ]q¿∆-_w-Kmƒ tZi-°m-c-\mb Hcp {_m“-W≥ ]p{X-s\bpw Iq´n Imfn-KRvPv hgn {io]pcw `mK-tØ°p t]mhp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. hr›n-I-amkw HSp-hn-emWp kw`-hw. aI-fpsS thfn°p kzcp-°q-´nb Ipd®p ]Whpw hkv{Xhpw km[-\ß - fpw ssIbnep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. lcn-Zmkv]qcnse hgn-bº - e - Ø - n¬°-bdn Blmcw D≠m°n-°g- n-®v D®-Ig- n™ndßn. A©p-\m-gnI Zqsc-bp≈ \hm_v KRvPnse hgn-b-º-e-Øn¬ cm{Xn- I-gn-®p-Iq-´-W-sa∂ph®p bm{X XpS¿∂p. hgnbnse A]-I-S-sØ-∏‰n Adn-bm-bvI-b-√. cm{Xn°papºp ssaXm\w IS°pw F∂mWv IW-°p-Iq-´n-bn-cp-∂-Xv. ]t£ IW-°pIq´¬ sX‰nt∏m-bn. Im¿Øn-Ia - m-kØ - n¬ ]I¬ Ipd-hm-W.v \hm-_K v R - P v n¬ FØp∂-Xn\p hfsc ap≥]p-Xs∂, tkm\m-UmwK ssaXm-\-Øn\p \Sp-s°Øn-b-t∏mtg°pw kqcy≥ AkXvan-°m≥ XpS-ßn. c≠p-t]cpw Imep\o-´n-h®p thKw \S∂p XpS-ßn. F∂m¬ Tm°q¿Qn XSm-IØ - ns‚ Icbvs°-Øn-bt- ∏mƒ Tmw-Kn-Un-If - psS ssIbn¬s∏-´p. {_m“-W≥ Xe-bn¬ hSn-sIm≠v Hc-Sn- In-´n-b-]mtS ssaXm-\-Øntebv°v HmSn. ]p{X\pw A—s‚ ]n∂mse HmSn. Hcmƒ hr≤≥, Hcmƒ _me≥. Ah¿ F{X-t\cw Tmw-Kn-Un-If - psS ap∂mse HmSpw. Aev] kabØn-\Iw Xs∂ c≠v Cc-Ifpw ]nSn-bn-em-bn. c£-bn-s√∂p a\- n-emb {_m“-W≥ Fs∂ sImt∂mfp Ipg-∏-an√, Cu aIs\ c£n-°-Ww. hwi-Øns‚ ]nfihpw {im≤hpw apS-ßpw Ch≥ acn-®m¬ Fs∂ms° ]d™p. kwK-Xnhim¬ _ocp-dm-bnbpw A∂sØ kwL-Øn¬ t\cn´p -]-s¶-Sp-Øn-cp-∂p. {_m“-W-\m-sW-∂p Xncn-®-dn-™-t∏mƒ {]mW-`bw aqew hr≤≥ Imepw ssIbpw ]nSn®t]£n-®p: ]p{X-s\-sb-¶nepw c£n°tW. ]t£ kc-f-\mb hr≤-{_m-“-W\v a\- n-em-bn√ At±-lØns‚ hwi-Ønse ]nXr-°ƒ°p ]nfihpw {im≤hpw apS-ßp-∂-Xns\-°p-dn®p a‰p-≈-h¿°p Bi-¶-bn-s√-∂v. _ocp-dm-bn-sb- Xn-cn-®-dn™ 13

]tY¿ ]m©men

\nebv°v Cbmsf hn´-b-®m¬ sIm≈-°m¿°v thsd Nne {]iv\-ß-fp≠m-Ip-sa∂pw ]mhw {_m“-W-\p -a-\- n-em-bn-√. tla-¥-cm-{Xn-bnse Ccp-´Øp XWp-Øp- InS-°p∂ sh≈-Øn-te°v "Ipf-∏m-be - p-If - psS CSbn-eqsS' ]mhw {_m“-Ws - ‚bpw ]p{X-s‚bpw ih-߃ XmWp t]mIm≥ G¿∏mSp sNbvXn´p _ocpdm-bv {Kma-Øn-te°p Xncn-®p-t]m-∂p. Cu kw`-hØ - n-\p-tijw A[n-II - mew Ign-™n-√. IrXyw ASp-Øh¿jw 1238 I∂n-amkw Zp¿§m-]q-P° - m-ew. _ocp-dm-bv IpSpw-_k - l - nXw Hcp h≈-Øn¬ `mcy-ho-´n-te°p t]mbn Xncn-®p-h-cp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. t\m°o]q¿ I-gn™p a[p-a-Xn-bn-eqsS c≠p-Zn-h-k-sØ -bm{X. {io]q-cn\-SpØv C—maXn \Zn-bn-se-Øn. Ahn-S∂p \mep-Zn-hkw k©-cn-°W - w. ]I¬ apgp-h≥ Du∂n-°-gn-™p, sshIp-t∂cw h≈w IS-hn-e-Sp-∏n-®p. Sm°n Aßm-Sn-bn¬ \n∂p ]qPbv°v AXym-h-iy-ap≈ km[-\-߃ hmßn®p, ]nt‰∂p cmhnse h≈w hn´p. c≠p Znhkw Ign-™p, sshIpt∂cw C—m-a-Xn-bpsS XocØp h≈w ASp-∏n-®p. CSbv°v I≠¬s®-SnIƒ ImWmw. a‰p -ac-ß-sfm∂pw Xs∂-bn-√. h≈-Øns‚ Hcp Xebv°¬ h≈-°mcpw at‰-Ø-e-bv°¬ _ocp-dm-bn-bpsS `mcybpw AØmgw hbv°m≥ XpS-ßn. F√m-hcpw kt¥m-j-Øn-em-Wv.- c-≠p-Z-nhkw Ign-™m¬ \m´n¬ Xncn-s®-Øp-at- √m. t]mcm-ØX - n\p ]qPm D’hImew ASpØXns‚ kt¥m-jhpw D≠v. \nem-hp-Zn-®p. t\m\m-Kw-K-bnse sh≈w sh´n-Øn-f-ßp-∂p. lplp F∂p hoip∂ Im‰n¬ \ZoXocØnse ssIX- ∏ q- ° ƒ t]mse BImiØp \£-{X-߃ Xnf-ßn. \nem-hp- \-Zn-bn¬ then-tb-‰ap-≠m°n. s]s´-s∂mcp i_vZw tI´p. c≠p -h≈wXpg-®n-ep-Im¿ I™n- h-bv°p∂nSØp \n∂p ]nS-s™-gpt∂‰v \mep-]mSpw t\m°n. ssIX-°m-Sn¬ Hcn-f°w. Hcp Zo\-kzcw Db¿∂p {Ia-Øn¬ Xmgv∂v C√m-Xm-Im≥ XpSßp∂p. h≈-°m¿ I-cb - v°n-dßn F¥mWv H® tI´Xv F∂p t\m°m≥ ]\-bpsS Np-h´- n-te°p sN∂p. Hcp apX-e t- hKw sh≈-Øn-te°p NmSn -ap-ßn-Øm-Wp. Bcpw Icbv°v D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. Fßpw H∂pw I≠n-√. F¥m-Wp-≠m-bs - X-∂d - n-bm≥ _m°n- h-≈° - mcpw Atßm´p sN∂p. Ipg∏w D≠m--b-t∏mƒ _ocp-dm-bnbpw ]Wn-°m-c\pw h∂p. _ocp-dm-bnbpsS Htc Hcp aI≥ h≈-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Ahs\ ImWm-\n√. AØmgw Xøm-dm-°p-∂-Xp-hsc \nem-hØp \Zo-Xo-cØv H∂p \S-°mwF∂p h®p h≈-Øn¬ \n∂pw Cd-ßn-bX - m-bn-cp-∂p. h≈-°m-cpsS apJw Icn-™p-t]m-bn. AXp-hgn h≈-Øn¬ t]mbn-´p-≈h - c - psS A\p`-hØ - n¬ \n∂pw Imcyw a\- n-em-bn. I≠-ens‚ ad-hn¬ h∂v Ddßn°nS-∂n-cp∂ KwKbnse apXe _ocp-dm-bn-bpsS aIs\ ]nSn--®p-sIm-≠p-t]m-bn. kw`-hn-®-sXms° kw`-hn-®p. a‰p h≈-°mcpw ]Wn-°mcpw Hs° IqSn ]mXn-cm-{Xn-hsc ]e ÿ e - Øpw sXc™p. H∂pw I≠pIn´nbn-√. ]ns∂ Iq´-°-c-®nepw _l-fhpw. t]mb-h¿jw CtX-k-a-bØp 14

_n`q-Xn-`q-j¨ _tµym-]m-≤ymb

Tm°q¿Qn XSm-I-Øn¬ \S∂ kw`hw _ocp-dm-bn-bpsS a\- n¬ sXfn™p-h∂ - p. Tm°q¿Qn-XSmI-Ønse Ipf-∏m-be - ns‚ Nph-´n¬ [¿ΩØns‚ in£m-[n-Imcw Hfn-®p-h-bv°m≥ Ign-bp-I-bn√ F∂p _ocpdmbn°p tXm∂n. [¿Ωw Ccp-´nepw AXns‚ hgn Xncn-®d- n™p Is≠Øn ]n∂mse h∂p. ho´n¬ Xncn-s®Øn. _ocp-dmbv ]ns∂ A[nIw \mƒ Pohn-®n-cp-∂n√. Cßs\ At±-l-Øns‚ hwi-Øns‚ A¥yw Ipdn-®p. F¶nepw A\nbs‚ hwi-Øn¬ Bfp-I-fp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. hwi-Ønse aqØ- ]p-{X-∑m¿ Pohn-°m-dn-√. Fs¥-¶nepw Imc-WØm¬ acn®pt]mIm-dp-≠.v hwi-Øn\pta¬ ]Xn® {_m“W-im-]-am-Wv AXn-\p -Im-c-W-sa∂v F√m-hcpw ]dbp-∂p. lcn-l-c-dm-bn-bpsS AΩ Hcp k∂ym-kn-bpsS ASp-Øp-sN∂p k¶Sw ]d-™p. A\p-{Klw tXSn. A\p-{K-l-Øns‚ ^ewsImt≠m, c≠p Xe-apd Ign-™t- ∏mƒ {_m“W-im-]Ø - ns‚ IcpØp Ipd-™XpsImt≠m Ft¥m lcn-lc - d - mbn Ct∏m-gpw Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂p.

aq∂v

Iptd Znh-kß - ƒ Ign-™p. k‘y- abßn. Zp¿§ InS-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp∂p. ho´n¬ hb- mb Nn‰Ω C√. Ct∏mƒ c≠p-amkØn\p apI-fn-embn. Hcp Znhkw AΩ-bp-ambn hg-°n´p Zqsc GtXm _‘p-hns‚ ho´n-te°p t]mbn-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. Zp¿§bv°p kpJ-an-√m-bn-cp-∂p. Ahsf {i≤n-°m≥ Bcp-an-√. AΩ- h∂p hnfn-°p-∂X - p-hsc InS-°pw. hnfn®v Fgp-t∂ev]n®p h√-Xpw- sImSp-Øm¬ I-gn-°pw. Ft∏mƒ InS-°p-∂p- F-t∏mƒ DÆp∂p Ft∏mƒ Dd-ßp∂p F∂v Bcpw Imcy-am-bn {- i-≤n-®n-cp-∂n-√. Ip´n InS∂v Dd°w hcp-∂-Xp-hsc Nn‰Ω Nn‰Ω F∂p ]d-™p Ic™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw. F∂pw cm{Xn-bn¬ Ahƒ Ic-bm-dp-≠v. Hcp Znhkw Aßs\ Ic-™p-I-c™v Ddßn; Iptd-t\cw Ign-™-t∏mƒ ]ecpw h¿Ø-am\w ]d-bp∂ H®-tI-´p-W¿∂p. At∏mƒ°mWmw IpUp\n-bpsS AΩ ASp-°-f-bn¬ \n∂psIm≠p kw-km-cn-°p-∂p. ASp-Øho-´nse t\h-bpsS apØ»nbpap-≠v. ]ns∂bpw Bscm-s°tbm h∂n´p≠v. F√m-hcpw sXc°n´v Fs¥m-s°tbm sNøp-∂p. Ahƒ Ipd®p t\cw DW¿∂ncp∂n´p ho≠pw InS∂p. C√n-°q´-Øn¬ Im‰p-]n-Sn®p Icp-Isc sRcn-bp∂ i_vZw. hnf°pIƒ IØn-®p-h® - n-cn-°p-∂p. F√m-hcpw kwkm-cn®p sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂p.C-d-bØp \nem-hp-h∂p hogp-∂p-≠v. XWp-Ø- Im‰v hoip-∂p. Ipd-®p kabw Npcp-≠p-IqSn Dd-ßn. i_vZhpw _l-fh - pw-tI´v ho≠pw DW¿∂p. A—≥ a - p-dn-bn¬ \n∂n-dßn \Sp-ap-dn-bpsS ASp-tØbv°p sN∂v kw{`-atØmsS Fß-s\-bn-cn-°p∂p, Fßs\bncn-°p∂p, F¥mbn F∂p tNmZn®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p. \Sp-ap-dn-bn¬ \n∂pw Fs¥m-s°tbm amXncn 15

330.00