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Asperger Syndrome Final Project Flipbook PDF

Asperger Syndrome Final Project


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The Asperger’s Syndrome "I have Asperger's and that means I'm a little bit different from the norm sometimes. And being different is a superpower." Greta Thunberg. In the absence of official data, it is estimated that there are between 1 and 5 cases of Asperger's every 1,000 births. And, according to various studies, it has a higher incidence in boys than in girls. (El País Newspaper, 2018) To understand the Asperger we need to learn a little bit about autism because Asperger’s is just a type of autism. Autism is a condition that affects how a person thinks, feels, interacts with others, and experiences their environment. It is a lifelong disability that starts when a person is born and stays with them into old age. Every Autistic person is different to every other. This is why autism is described as a ‘spectrum’. (Aspect, n.d.) This neurodevelopmental disorder every aspect of the life of the person who has this condition. Because this also affects the senses of people with this syndrome. They persive the sense as smells, sounds, tastes, and touch in a more sharp manner than other people. There are different types of autism which are: Asperger’s syndrome, Rett syndrome, Childhood disintegrative disorder, Kanner’s syndrome and pervasive developmental disorder. Every type of autism are differents and has its characteristics. In this case we are going to explain everything about the Asperger's. Asperger’s is a neurodevelopment disorder that makes the brain work different compare with other people´s. Asperger's affects the relational and communicative part of the brain. And that stands for that person with this condition has difficulties interpreting facial expressions, differentiating voice tone, and even they always interpret everything literally and because of that, they don’t understand jokes, sarcams and things like that. But also, people with Asperger’s have an average intellectual capacity even higher than other people. And not only that, they also have a fluent speech when they talk about a topic of their interest and also they don’t know when to end a conversation. Historically the Asperger’s syndrome was first mentioned and described by the viennese pediatrician Hans Aspenger’s but it wasn't until 1944 that Asperger's syndrome was introduced to the fourth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Then in the fifth edition of the Association's

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders were, Asperger's syndrome, autistic disorder, and other pervasive developmental disorders with the general diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. Hans Asperger’s saw boys with autism-like behaviors and problems with social and communication skills even though they were smart and had normal language and intelligence. Even many professionals thought Asperger's syndrome was just a milder form of autism, and they used the term "high-functioning autism" to describe these people. But now that we understand Asperger syndrome, and we know a little about its history, and we can basically identify its characteristics, a question arises; What causes this syndrome?

Causes Many studies have been carried out, analyzing the possible causes of autism spectrum disorders, and some of them have only given hints that help the medical community to identify possible causes of these disorders.

Genes The first cause could the genes. Genes may play a role in the development of Asperger's. Genes aren't known to cause Asperger's, but people with the condition tend to be related to each other. As an example, younger siblings of people with Asperger's are more likely to have the condition than other kids. There is a good chance that, if one of your twins has a condition on the autism spectrum, the other one will be affected between 36% and 95% of the time. Asperger's is also linked to genetic diseases like Fragile X and Rett syndrome. The most well-known single-gene condition is fragile X syndrome, which affects about 2% to 3% of people with autism. When genes are randomly changed, Asperger's could be more likely. We don't know how Asperger's genes work. They want to find out more about this complicated relationship, and they want to find out more.

Changes in the brain Imaging studies of people with autism spectrum disorders have shown irregularities in certain areas of the brain, most notably the frontal and temporal lobes. Researchers are trying to figure out whether these changes are the consequence of gene mutations, damage received during pregnancy or delivery, an injury sustained during the first few months of life, or a combination of many occurrences.

Environment Numerous specialists feel that environmental factors may play a role in Asperger's. While further study is necessary, some have speculated that certain pregnancy complications may raise a baby's likelihood of having an autistic spectrum disease. Several options include the following: A viral infection in a pregnant mother Obstacles to delivery Chemicals, such as phthalates or pesticides, are exposed to children when they are still in the womb. Taking medications like Terbulin (terbutaline), Depakene (valproic acid), antipsychotics, or mood stabilizers Pollution exposure in the womb People should keep in mind that many kids who are exposed to these risks never have Asperger's or another form of autism.

Symptoms As we have been saying, Asperger's syndrome has a lot of very important symptoms. These symptoms affect how the person with Asperger's communicates and how they relate to other people, and they also affect how they think about things. Here are a few of symptoms that we can see in a person with Asperger’s:

Inappropriate or very few social interactions. Conversations that almost always focus on the speaker or a certain topic, not the other person. People who don't understand emotions or make fewer facial expressions than other people unusual speech, such as one that is flat, high-pitched, or quiet, or one that sounds like it was made by a machine Nonverbal communication, such as gestures, body language, and facial expressions, is not used or understood by people who have this condition. An intense love for one or two very specific, very narrow topics Angry at any small changes in your daily routines Memorizing important information and facts quickly Clumsy, uncoordinated movements, such as problems with handwriting.

Difficulty controlling one's emotions, which can lead to outbursts, self-injury, or tantrums. Not being able to understand other people's feelings or perspectives Having a hard time with lights, sounds, and textures

Treatments Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) therapies that are now available are meant to help people who have the disorder function better and have more fun in their lives. Each person with Autism is unique, which means that they have different strengths and problems, as well as different treatment needs. So, treatment plans often involve a lot of different people and are tailored to each patient. Treatments can be given in a variety of places, such as at school, in the community, at home, or a mix of these places. It is very important for providers to talk to each other, as well as with the person with Autism and their family, to make sure that treatment goals and progress meet expectations. When people with Autism leave high school and enter adulthood, they may need extra help to improve their health and everyday functioning, as well as to encourage social and community involvement. For some people, help may be needed to keep going to school, get a job, get housing, and get transportation.

Types of treatments There are several therapy options available. These therapies may typically be classified into the following categories, but some treatments combine many approaches: Behavioral Developmental Educational Social-Relational Pharmacological Psychological Complementary and Alternative

Famous person with Asperger’s The well-known billionaire Elon Musk, most recently the owner of the social networking site Twitter as well as the founder of Tesla, is well-known today. When Elon Musk disclosed that he had Asperger's syndrome during his speech on a late-night talk show, everyone was taken aback. Musk said unequivocally that he was the first person with Asperger's syndrome to appear on a long-running television program, prompting cheers from the crowd.

The educational side of Asperger’s Students with Asperger syndrome face a variety of challenges, some of which are particularly difficult in our educational environment. Because our educational institutions are not equipped to deal with students who have this problem. In our schools in the Dominican Republic, the first challenge faced by students with Asperger's is noise; most of our schools are located near busy avenues and traffic noise is too much; furthermore, our students with Asperger's must suffer from being in a classroom that is not equipped to silence noise. Bullying is the second problem that children with Asperger's face on a daily basis. Bullying is experienced by 35 percent of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) daily, and 50 percent weekly, according to Adams, Taylor, Duncan and Bishop's study of 54 adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder.

Academic accommodation that can be implemented The following list summarizes some of the accommodations that a teacher may make for an Asperger's student: Make the classroom a quiet place. Encourage students to seek help if they get perplexed. elucidate metaphors and double-meaning words. Encourage the learner to request that an instruction be repeated, simplified, or written down if he does not comprehend. Limit oral inquiries to a number that the student is capable of handling.

Others strategies than can be use -

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Make sure the rules in the classroom are clear and consistent. Students with Asperger's Syndrome (AS) need extra help during more unstructured times and transitions. When you know there is going to be a change in the child's schedule, give as much notice as possible. Don't think that the child isn't listening or paying attention to you if they don't look at you when you talk to them. They may be better at paying attention when they aren't looking at you, so if you try and make them do that they may not be paying attention. A lot of kids with Asperger's don't know how to keep track of their homework and other assignments, so you should make a plan with them to keep track of them. Even if the homework has been put in the child's backpack, it might be a good idea to make sure it makes it home. Children with AS may also have trouble taking notes. Take a look at giving the child a paper copy of the notes or letting them copy another student's notes. Be clear and direct when you talk about your own thoughts and feelings. AS is a condition that makes it hard for kids to see things from the point of view of other people. Also, instead of analogies, idioms, metaphors, and sarcasm, use words that are more real. Most or all students have problems, and these problems are different for each person. You can talk about this with your other students, too. Tell other students that children with AS have a hard time understanding social situations.

Conclusion People with Asperger's syndrome, I feel, are very strong individuals who have the opportunity to be anyone they want to be. This is a condition that, in addition to the problems that persons who suffer from it experience, motivates them to better themselves and serve as an example for others to follow. While everyone has giants to face in life, some are larger and stronger than others, but the fact is that we must continue ahead regardless of how huge or powerful our opponents are. For the time being, our society has a great deal of ignorance concerning this, as well as many other problems that individuals are faced with. People who suffer from these problems have a more difficult existence and may even believe that they are not part of us, but in truth, we are all members of the same race, and we must learn to live together in the best manner possible, acknowledging and appreciating the differences between us.

Every day is a difficulty for persons with Asperger's and their families, with some challenges being more difficult than others. However, the fact is that you are a gift. Because their fights serve as a source of inspiration for anybody who believes that everything has come to an end and that there is nothing left to accomplish. I want to express my heartfelt gratitude to all of the individuals who suffer this condition and to let you know that you are a source of tremendous inspiration in my life.

References Aspect. (n.d.). What is autism? – Autism Spectrum Australia (Aspect). Autism Spectrum Australia. Retrieved April 27, 2022, from https://www.autismspectrum.org.au/about-autism/what-is-autism

Periodico El Día. (2018, February 18). “El 90% de los niños con Asperger ha sufrido acoso escolar, un dato dramático a nivel social”. EL PAÍS. Retrieved April 27, 2022, from https://elpais.com/elpais/2018/02/17/mamas_papas/1518861734_308042.html