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Bhils Tribes Flipbook PDF

Bhils Tribes




Rajasthan Bhils Tribes

Bhils Tribes – they are mostly spotted in the Aravali ranges of Sirohi in Udaipur and in few district of Rajasthan such as Dungarpur , Banswara etc. If you are on tour of Rajasthan or you are going to Rajasthan then you can see their lifestyle and their struggle etc. Bhils are popularly known as the bow men of Rajasthan. They are the most widely distributed tribal groups in India. They forms the largest tribe of the whole South Asia. Bhils are mainly divided into two main groups the central or pure bills and eastern or Rajput Bhils. The central Bhils are found in the mountain regions in the Indian states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujrat and Rajasthan. Bhils are also found in the north eastern parts of Tripura .

LANGUAGE The language of the Bhils is called Bhili, a term that refers to the numerous dialects spoken by Bhils throughout western India. For example, Wagdi, Dungri, and Mavchi are Bhili dialects spoken in Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Maharashtra, respectively. Dialects change within a radius of 32 to 48 km (20 to 30 mi) and Bhils from one area may have difficulty in understanding those in a neighboring area. Bhili dialects show varying degrees of influence of regional languages such as Rajasthani and Marathi, but they all appear to have their origins in Gujarati.

Gujarati, the language spoken in Gujarat, belongs to the Indo-Aryan language family. Religon & worship

They have been worshipping of Lord shiva and Durga maiyaa Bhil religion is essentially animistic in nature. It is the belief in the powers of supernatural forces and the need to order one's relations with these forces that dominate Bhil religious life. The Bhils are highly superstitious. They believe in omens and the evil eye and wear charms and amulets for protection from ghosts, evil spirits, and witches. Individuals, usually women, suspected of witchcraft, sorcery, or magic are identified by a shaman or witch-finder. (This figure is called a Bhopa in Rajasthan and Badava in eastern Gujarat). Traditionally, the victims were subjected to trial by ordeal, tortured, and even killed. The Bhopa and Badava play an important role in rituals performed to exorcise ghosts. Clothing & food –

Though many have now adopted the local dress of loincloth, jacket, and turban, the Bhil formerly went nearly naked, wearing a loincloth and perhaps a blanket during cold weather. As is common throughout India today, some males wear Westernstyle shirts. The hair is traditionally worn long, either partly plaited and fastened with a wooden comb, or falling freely to the shoulder. Males wear earrings, and some carry guns or swords. The Bhils were originally hunters and gatherers. They subsisted by hunting small game such as rabbits, foxes, deer, wild pigs, birds, and rodents. They fished the local streams and rivers, and gathered edible plants and fruits from the forest. When they turned to agriculture, the Bhils adopted the slash-and-burn techniques of shifting cultivation (jhum). FAIRS & FESTIVALS

The Baneshwar fair is the main festival celebrated among the Bhils. This fair is held during the period of Shivatri (in the month of January or February) and is dedicated to Baneshwar Mahadev also known as Lord Shiva. On this occasion Bhils gather all together set up camps on the banks of the Som and Mahi river. They perform dance around the fire and sing traditional songs. At night they all of them enjoy raslila at the Lakshmi Narayan temple. Cultural shows, magic shows, animal shows acrobatic feast are the main attraction of the fair This fair is actually the combination of two fairs, which are held in reverence of Lord Shiva and the other one that commenced after the setting up of Vishnu temple by Jankunwari.


Most Bhils are farmers. However, the pressures of subsistence agriculture, uneconomic land holdings, the burden of debt, and frequent drought have forced many Bhils to leave the land and turn to other occupations. Many are laborers or earn a living cutting wood, preparing charcoal, and gathering forest products like gum and lac. Bhils in the past have made their living from hunting and other forest activities, and are renowned as trackers. Some Bhils have been employed as watchmen, while others have learned shop-keeping from their encounters with the bania (trading) castes, and a small number of them—perhaps 3%—operate shops, tea stalls and flour mills. Again, largely because of a lack of education, a few Bhils are involved in the service industry, but the vast majority are agricultural laborers.

Shubham Dubey