Day of Disaster-no text Flipbook PDF
Day of Disaster-no text
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8 April 2020 | Scholastic Action
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DISASTER Nearly 2,000 years ago, a volcano destroyed the city of Pompeii. Thousands died. It was the worst disaster of the ancient world.
Now imagine that you are there.
BY LAUREN TARSHIS
ROMAN EMPIRE Atlantic Ocean
Bl a ck S
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THE ROMAN EMPIRE The Roman Empire stretched across parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Pompeii is located in the country we now call Italy. PAUSE AND THINK: Where will your trip be taking you?
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BENEATH THE SURFACE Why did Mount Vesuvius erupt? And how did it cause so much destruction? 1. Extremely hot, melted rock called magma flowed up through a crack in Earth’s crust. 2. For months, the magma boiled under Vesuvius. This caused pressure to build. 3. Vesuvius finally erupted, sending ash and melted rock called lava 12 miles into the air. 4. The ash and tiny pebbles called pumice rained down on Pompeii, burying the city.
VOCABULARY empire: a large group of countries or regions controlled by one ruler or government molten: melted by heat eruption: the act of erupting—sending out rocks and ash in a sudden explosion preserved: kept in good condition over a long period of time ruins: the remaining pieces of something that was destroyed
10 April 2020 | Scholastic Action
PAUSE AND THINK: Why are the people of Pompeii in danger?
YVONNE BAUR/SHUTTERSTOCK.COM (BACKGROUND); ART BY BROWN BIRD DESIGN
PAUSE AND THINK: What was the city of Pompeii like in the year 79 a.d.?
5. A lava flow rushed down the mountain at up to 180 miles an hour—burning everything in its path.
City of Pompeii
PAUSE AND THINK: What is pumice? What did it do after the eruption?
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PAUSE AND THINK: What killed the people who stayed behind in Pompeii?
PAUSE AND THINK: What would you find if you visited Pompeii today?
This drinking cup was found in the ruins of a fancy Pompeii home, like the one below. The city’s rich lived in large villas decorated with paintings and tiles.
BACK IN TIME This is what a Pompeii villa might have looked like in 79 a.d.
12 April 2020 | Scholastic Action
YVONNE BAUR/SHUTTERSTOCK.COM (BACKGROUND); AZOOR PHOTO/ALAMY STOCK PHOTO (GOBLET); JAVARMAN/SHUTTERSTOCK.COM (HOUSE); DEA PICTURE LIBRARY/THE GRANGER COLLECTION (VILLA)
UNCOVERING A LOST CITY