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04 Capítulo

DO YOU GO TO SCHOOL EVERYDAY? - SIMPLE PRESENT

„ Adverbs of frequency

„ Vocabulary: daily routines © Mojkinairina | Dreamstime.com

Do you go to school every day? Do you go to school by bus, by car or on foot? Do you have many friends at school? Do you like your school and your teachers?

Objetivos de aprendizagem / Habilidades da BNCC: – Conhecer o Simple Present Tense, e diferenciar seu uso nas formas afirmativa, interrogativa e negativa (forma curta e forma longa), bem como em orações no plural e singular. – Diferenciar os auxiliares “do” e “does”. – Compreender os advérbios de frequência atrelados ao Simple Present Tense. – Identificar palavras relacionadas a rotinas diárias dentro do Simple Present Tense. – (EF06LI19)

Acesse este QR-CODE para assistir à vídeoaula

INGLÊS

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1. Simple Present tense The Simple Present tense is used to describe an action that is regular, true or frequent. It is used for repeated or regular actions in the present and actions set by a time or schedule. Watch some examples: I take the train to the office. John sleeps eight hours every night during the week. The train leaves at 3 p.m. Simple Present is often used to talk about situations like: •

Facts I get up early every day.



Things that are always/ generally true. The Earth moves around the Sun.

Carol washes her face twice a day.

The Sun rises in the east.

They travel to their beach house once a month.

It rains a lot in the Amazon.

1.1. Verb conjugation The present tense is formed using the base form of the verb without “to”. Subject I We You They He She It

Affirmative

Subject

Negative

like

I We You They

do not like / don’t like

likes

He She It

does not like / doesn’t like

Auxiliar verb

Subject

Interrogative complement

Do

I

like?

Does

he she it

like?

In the third person singular, we add -s, -es or -ies. The spelling differs depending on the end of that verb. In general

Verbs ending in consonant + y

Verbs ending in -o, -ch, -sh, -ss, -x, or -z

-s

-ies

-es

Like likes

Study studies

Go goes

Work works

Carry carries

Do does

Swim swims

Try tries

catch catches

Read reads

Fly flies

Wash washes

Sleep sleeps

Spy spies

Watch watches

Write writes

Cry cries

Kiss kisses

Do you go to school everyday?

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- Simple Present

For verbs that end in vowel + y, we just add -s. Watch the examples: play → plays enjoy → enjoys say → says buy → buys

Pay attention! Has is the third person singular of the verb have. Look: You have to study hard. She has to study hard.

2. Adverbs of frequency

Always

Never

Adverbs of frequency

Examples

always

I always go to bed before 11 p.m.

usually

I usually have cereals for breakfast.

normally/ generally

I normally go to the gym.

often/ frequently

I often surf the internet.

sometimes

I sometimes forget my wife’s birthday. Sometimes I forget my wife’s birthday.

occasionally

I occasionally eat junk food.

seldom

I seldom read the newspaper.

hardly ever/rarely

I hardly ever drink alcohol.

never

I never swim in the sea.

© Maryreshetnyak1 | Dreamstime.com

With the Simple Present, we often use adverbs of frequency to describe how frequently we do an activity. Here’s a list of common adverbs:

2.1. The position of the adverb in a sentence •

An adverb of frequency goes before a main verb (except with to be). This is the structure of the phrase: [subject] + [adverb] + [main verb]

Examples: I always remember to do my homework. •

He normally gets good marks in exams.

An adverb of frequency goes after the verb to be. In this case, the structure follows the next model: [subject] + [to be] + [adverb]

Examples: They are never pleased to see me. •

She isn’t usually bad tempered.

Time expressions (“every morning”, “once a week”, “three times a year”, “every two years”, “daily”, “weekly”, “monthly”, “yearly” etc.) are also used to give more specific indication of frequency. Watch: I visit my grandparents once a week.

I go to school every morning.

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INGLÊS Volume 1 - Capítulo 04

7o ano

© Nattaya Makerd | Dreamstime.com

3. Daily routines

Common daily routines by the morning.

Common daily routines that happens mostly at afternoon.

EVERYDAY ENGLISH Ten facts about pandas!

© Hupeng | Dreamstime.com

Do you really know pandas? Check out some curiosities about these interesting animals. While reading the text, also pay attention to its structure: Present Simple is commonly used to describe facts.

It’s always worth it to know more about pandas!

Do you go to school everyday?

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- Simple Present

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE

Vídeos

Do you think it’s important to be with your family? What does your family do when they get together? Make a list of things you and your relatives do when you get together. Then get in pairs with a friend and discuss it. Find out what you have in common or not.

EXERCISES 01. Classify the verbs according to their spelling in the 3 person. rd

fly – catch – buy – sleep – talk – wash – do – take – write - cry – swim – work – spy – kiss – stop – watch – sing – read -s

-es

-ies

h. Simon      (to have) two rabbits and five goldfish. i. I      (to be) from Vienna, Austria. j. They      (not – to be)Sandy’s parents.

03. Fill in with “do”, “don’t”, “does” or “doesn’t”. a. Sam speaks French, but he      Speak Russian. b. Ann      like jazz music but she likes pop music. c. Question:      she play the saxophone? Answer: No, she     . d. Where      you work? e. They      go to school on Sunday. f. What      you have for dinner?

02. Put the verbs into the correct form of the Simple

04. Rewrite the following sentences, putting the

Present tense.

adverbs of frequency and the adverbial expressions in parentheses in the most suitable position.

a. I      (not – to like) lemonade very much.

a. Susan gets home before six o´clock. (usually)

b. The girls always      (to listen) to pop music. c. Janet never      (to wear) jeans.

b. Christopher goes to London on business trips. (often)

d. Mr. Smith      (not – to teach) English. He      (to teach) French.

c. We travel abroad for our holidays. (usually / twice a year)

e. You      (to do) your homework after school.

d. We walk through the town without meeting someone we know. (hardly ever)

f. We      (to have) a nice garden. g. She      (to be) six years old.

INGLÊS

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Volume 1 - Capítulo 04

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05. Choose the best option to complete the phrases. 07. Write negative and interrogative sentences as a. Jim is an excellent student. He      learns fast and well. (never / sometimes / always) b. I hate vegetables. I      eat vegetable soup. (often / never / usually) c. The weather is rainy in Scotland. They      see the sun. (always / often / seldom) d. I’m on a diet but I      eat a bit of chocolate. (sometimes / never / usually) e. The Browns love dancing. They      go dancing on Friday night. (usually / rarely / seldom)

06. Find and circle the following words in the word search puzzle. get up – take a shower – brush teeth – shave – get dressed – put on makeup – brush hair – go to bed – sleep – comb hair – make the bed – have a bath – make breakfast – have breakfast – go to work – go to school D

G

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Tom lives in England. Interrogative: Does Tom live in England? Negative: Tom doesn’t live in England. a. Mrs. Souza teaches Geography. Interrogative:

Negative:

b. You like playing computer games. Interrogative:

Negative:

U

P

in the example.

c. Bob and Sue work in a supermarket. Interrogative:

Negative:

d. We do the shopping on Saturdays. Interrogative:

Negative:

e. The baby cries all the time. Interrogative:

Negative:

Do you go to school everyday?

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- Simple Present

08. Choose the correct option.

c.                      

a. It      a lot in Britain. (  ) rain (  ) rains (  ) is rain

d.                      

e.                      

b. I      pizza very much. (  ) like (  ) likes (  ) liking

10. Write the 3rd person singular of the verbs. Follow the model: I join → he joins

c. I      English very well. (  ) not speak (  ) don’t speak (  ) doesn’t speak

a. I like → he       b. I kiss → she       c. I cry → he       d. I watch → she      

d. My sister      to the cinema very often. (  ) doesn’t go (  ) don’t go (  ) don’t goes

e. I enjoy → he       f. I talk → she       g. I go → he       h. I teach → she      

e. She      football or baseball. (  ) don’t like (  ) likes (  ) doesn’t likes

i. I buy → she      

11.

© roserodionova | Dreamstime.com

sentences about Jake’s routine. Follow the example:

This is Ashley. She’s a nurse. She’s short and thin. She works at the hospital. She looks after sick people. She gets up at seven o’clock in the morning. She takes

© Shawnna Porter | Dreamstime.com

09. Look at the following picture. Then, make

Read the text and answer the questions.

a shower and puts on her clothes. Then she has breakfast at half past seven. At eight o’clock, she drives her car to the hospital. Ashley starts working at nine o’clock. She cleans the rooms in the hospital. Then, she helps the doctors. At eleven o’clock, she has lunch. She goes home at six

a. Jake wakes up.

b.                      

o’clock.

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Volume 1 - Capítulo 04

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At home, she takes a shower and she cooks dinner. She has dinner at half past eight in the evening. Then, she watches TV. At eleven o’clock, she goes to bed. a. What’s her name? b. Where does she work? c. Is she fat? d. Can she drive a car? e. Does she get up at seven o’clock? f. Does she have breakfast at half past seven o’clock? g. Does she cook dinner at the hospital?

12. Underline the verbs in the Simple Present mentioned in the text.

TO LEARN MORE WATCH •

Simple Present (Tia do Inglês) A lesson to review and imprint the main aspects of Simple Present.

CLICK •

Daily routines in English (Woodward English) When we talk about Simple Present the first thing that comes to our mind is daily routine. How about learning a little bit more about it?

CHALLENGE TIME 01. Arrange the words to make sentences in Simple 02. Rewrite the sentences into negative form. Follow Present. Follow the model:

the model:

I / to collect stamps. I collect stamps.

I watch TV. I don’t watch TV.

a. We / to play video game.

a. We play football.

b. He / to read surf magazines.

b. It is boring.

c. Henry / to sing in a band.

c. They open the windows.

d. We / to have a hamster.

d. Sandy takes nice photos.

e. My mother / to speak French very well.

e. You ride your bike every weekend.

Do you go to school everyday?

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- Simple Present

03. Write the questions and answer them about yourself. Follow the example:

Susan: This panda (look/looks) like my old teddy bear. He (have/has) black and white fur. It is so cute. Paty: Do you (know/knows) where pandas (live/lives)?

You / to play / video games

Susan: I (think/thinks) they (live/lives) in China. Incredible! And an adult panda (weigh/weighs) 125 kilos.

Question: Do you play video games? Answer: Yes, I do.

Paty: What do pandas (eat/eats)?

a. You / to have / a cat

Susan: They (eat/eats) leaves. Paty: What kind of leaves? Susan: It (say/says) here that a panda’s daily diet (consist/consists) almost entirely of the leaves, stems and shoots of various bamboo species.

b. You / to like / workout

© Hui Sima | Dreamstime.com

Text for the questions 05 and 06: c. You / to wear / school uniform

d. You / to go / to the cinema

Hi, Julia!

e. You / to study / music

04. Susan is telling her friend about pandas. Choose the correct verb form.

My school has this new project, so we have to write to someone we don’t know and tell them about us. They gave each student an e-mail address and I got yours. So, I am your new e-pal! I don’t really know what to tell you about myself, but I’ll try, so here I go:

© Yellow Carbo

My name is Ben and I come from Australia. I am 14 years old and I live in a small town called Branton. It’s in Queensland. It is summer time now, so I don’t have to go to school. I don’t have a job now, but normally I clean shop windows to save money so I can buy my own car when I’m 16. I live with my parents and my beautiful little sister, Maria. We don’t have any pets. Mom always says “maybe next year”. I have a girlfriend, Anna. She goes to a different middle school. At the weekend, we like to go swimming in a big lake near our house.

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INGLÊS Volume 1 - Capítulo 04

7o ano I normally get up at eight o’clock, but on

06. Answer the questions about Ben according to

Thursdays I get up at six o’clock because that is the

the text.

day when I go running in the park.

a. Where does Ben come from?

I would love to know things about your culture, your country, your family, about your school…

b. How old is Ben? c. Where does Ben live?

I’m looking forward to hearing from you,

d. Is Ben married?

All the best,

e. Why is Ben saving money?

Ben.

07. Put the adverbs in the right place.

05. Answer T (true) or F (false) according to the text.

a. She goes jogging. (seldom)

a. ( ) Ben lives in Sydney, Australia.

b. Mr. Smith cooks for the family. (often)

b. ( ) Ben is 24 years old.

c. Does Tim study for the tests? (always)

c. ( ) Ben is married. d. ( ) Ben’s girlfriend studies in his class.

d. They aren´t at home at weekends. (often) e. Their children don’t eat fast food. (usually)

e. ( ) They go swimming in the river at the weekend.

08. Build sentences with the words given. Don’t

f. ( ) Ben usually gets up at eight o’clock.

forget to put the verb in the Simple Present.

g. ( ) Ben plays tennis on Thursdays.

a. Visit / sometimes / she / her grandparents

h. ( ) Ben gets up early on Thursdays.

b. busy / the teacher/ be / always c. do / Mark / homework / seldom d. play / Colin / at school / never

NOW I KNOW HOW TO... Use the Present Simple to describe daily routines. Use adverbs of frequency to describe how frequently we do an activity. Identify different daily routines.

© F11photo | Dreamstime.com

Do you go to school everyday?

67

- Simple Present

KEY IDEAS Simple Present • Used to describe an action that is regular, true or frequent. •

Can be used for facts or things that are always or genneraly are true.

Adverbs of frequency • Always, usually, normally/generally, often/frequently, sometimes, occasionally, seldom, hardly ever/ rarely, never. •

They might be used before a main verb and after the verb to be.

© F11photo | Dreamstime.com

LEARNING MAP

Confira as 7. páginas 6 e

Do you go to school everyday? - Simple Present

ANOTAÇÕES

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