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NATURE & USE OF INFORMATION


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LIBRARY SKILLS

NATURE & USE OF INFORMATION

Sufy Rabea Adawiya Idris Faculty of Information Management

Course Contents

Nature & Use of Information ❑ ❑ ❑ ❑ ❑ ❑ ❑ ❑ ❑

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What is information Characteristics of information Information Cycle Good & poor information Sources of information – people, organization, literature & electronic sources Types of information Categories of information Format of information Use of information Information explosion & overload

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✓ An assemblage of data in comprehensible form, recorded on paper or some other medium and capable of communication

✓ A message, usually in the form of a document or an audible or visible communication. It has sender and a receiver. Information is meant to change the way the receiver perceives something, to have an impact on his judgement and behavior

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Knowledge •general awareness or possession of information, facts, ideas, truths, or principles •clear awareness or explicit information, for example, of a situation or fact •all the information, facts, truths, and principles learned throughout time •familiarity or understanding gained through experience or study •Application of data & information Information •Information is the result of analysis, synthesis and evaluation based on available data •Information can consist of data, images, text, documents and sound, combination of different parts Data •Symbols, line, character that can be capture by human but cannot give any meaning to the receivers •Unprocessed facts and figures without any added interpretation or analysis.

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~Wisdom adds value, which requires the mental function that we call judgement. ~Knowledge is know-how, for example, how a system works. It is what makes possible the transformation of information into instructions. ~Information is contained in descriptions, answers to questions that begin with such words as who, what, when and how many. Information is inferred from data. ~Data are symbols that represent properties of objects, events and their environment. They are the products of observation.

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✓ ✓ ✓ ✓

✓ ✓ ✓ ✓

Historical Current Government Technical Statistical Research Legal, and Demographic, etc

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Creation of a new knowledge, record, manuscript

Read, assimilated and applied

Editor and/ or peer evaluation

Item retrieved

Publication

User express a need

Bibliographic Control Stored in a file, library, computer, etc

Good Information ▪ Accessibility

Info. should be easy to obtain or access. ▪ Relevant

Information should be relevant to the purpose for which it is required. It must be suitable & fulfil the need of the users.

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Poor Information ▪ Not

accessible

Info. Is hard to obtain or access; or no direct access to the information ▪ Irrelevant

Information is of little value, when it is too old or out of date to be relevant to the users need

Good Information ▪

Timely Information must be available when needed, within the timeframe desired by the user. Information received too late will be irrelevant / out -dated.

▪ Accurate

Information needs to be accurate enough for the use to which it is going to be put (the right info.).

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Poor Information ▪

Swamping It is not helpful when info. is too voluminous to allow only sense to be made of it. It is the quality of the info. that is important not the quantity

▪ Inaccurate

Misinformation has a way of fouling up people's lives, especially when the party with the inaccurate information has an advantage in power and authority

Good Information ▪ Complete

Poor Information ▪

Info. should contain all the details required by the user. Otherwise, it may not be useful as the basis for making a decision. Ideally all the info. needed for a particular decision should be available. ▪ ▪

Conciseness Must be understandable to those who use it, & must be able to absorbed quickly for action

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Incomplete if information is incomplete, it may fail to provide a quality of information.

Unclear Info. Is considered poor if it is presented in a way that can’t help to make decision

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▪ Examples of primary sources :

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▪ Examples of secondary sources :

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▪ Examples of tertiary sources :

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PRINTED uses paper. Eg: books, magazines, newspaper, and pamphlets



ELECTRONIC / ONLINE use computer to deliver information. Include CD-ROM and Internet



AUDIOVISUAL requires us to watch or listen, example includes slides, films, audio cassette, videocassette, CD, DVD



MICROFORM transform information into microfiche and microfilm and need a viewer to read the information

Information is a key resource and an important factor in national progress and development. It is used to be regarded as playing the role in supporting various national development programs such as: 1. Enhanced knowledge ---- information is the basic for creation of knowledge and intellectual growth 2. Innovation ---- information is vital commodity especially in creation of new products and services 3. R & D ---- to innovate , needs a research and development activities for problem solving and new discoveries 4. Business ---- to reduce risk , decision making and strategy formulation , to be more competitive in the business world

5. Education ---- information is a critical resource to support teaching and learning 6. Culture ---- information can be vehicle to promote cultural and social activities 7. Politic ---- information is vital for the nation politic stability 8. Technology ---- information can boost the development of technology with the creation of new technology

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Roles of Librarian / Information Professional ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢

To organize materials for easy and faster access To promote access to information To facilitate access to information To train user on how to access information To enhance user skills in information searching

Thank You….