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CUTTING INTERMEDIATE



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ne comyns carr

frances eales

CUTTING INTERMEDIATE WORKBOOK

jane comyns carr

frances eales

it» PEARSON

Longman *

*

Introduction

PAGE

Grammar terms Using a dictionary

Vocabulary: Word building

29

5

Present perfect simple

29

Present perfect simple and Past simple Time words with the Present perfect Vocabulary: Describing life events for, since and ago and Present perfect continuous Vocabulary booster: Describing people Pronunciation: /i/, /i:/, /ai/ and /ei/ Listen and read: Johnny Depp Wordspot: take Improve your writing: Punctuation: commas

30 30 31 32 33 33 34 35 35

6 7 7 8 8 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 13

Module 2 Past simple Spelling: Past simple forms Pronunciation: Syllable stress in Past simple forms Past continuous Past simple or continuous Improve your writing: Using when, while, during and for in stories Listen and read: I used to believe used to Vocabulary booster: School/University subjects Vocabulary: Verb + noun combinations Vocabulary: Remembering and forgetting Real life and pronunciation: Short questions to show interest

14 14 15 15 15 16 18 19 20 21 21 21

Module 3 Comparatives and superlatives Vocabulary booster: Geographical features Different phrases for comparing Pronunciation: /6/ and /в/ Vocabulary: Describing towns and cities Recommendations Punctuation: Capital letters Listen and read: Unusual holidays Improve your writing: Postcards

PAGE

4

Module 1 Making questions: Word order be, have and do in questions Short answers Question tags Classroom questions Vocabulary: How you spend your time Vocabulary booster: Hobbies Vocabulary: People around you Pronunciation: The letter's' Listen and read: Ordinary heroes Present simple Spelling: The -ing form Present continuous Present simple or continuous Wordspot: have and have got Improve your writing: Responding to news

Module 4

22 23 24 24 25 25 25 26 28

Module 5 Vocabulary: Prepositions Vocabulary: Nouns and adjectives will and won't going to Present continuous for future arrangements Other ways of talking about the future Pronunciation: lot and /эи/ Vocabulary booster: Jobs Vocabulary: Work Listen and read: Unusual lifestyles Future clauses with if, when, etc. Punctuation: Apostrophes Improve your writing: A letter of reference Real life: A formal telephone call

36 36 36 37 37 38 38 39 40 40 41 42 42 43

Module 6 Vocabulary: TV and radio -ed/-ing adjectives Prepositions after adjectives Passives Active or passive Pronunciation: Verbs often used in the passive Vocabulary: Extreme adjectives Vocabulary booster: Entertainment Listen and read: Customer reviews Improve your writing: Checking for mistakes

44 44 45 46 47 47 47 48 48 50

Module 7 Vocabulary: Going out Vocabulary booster: Food and cooking Polite requests will for offers and instant decisions will or going to Vocabulary: Social behaviour Pronunciation: Lost letters Listen and read: Culture clash Making generalisations Wordspot: go Improve your writing: Sending and replying to invitations by e-mail *

PAGE 51 51 52 53 54 55 55 56 57 57 58

Module 8 Vocabulary: Technology 59 Defining relative clauses 59 Vocabulary: People, places, jobs, everyday objeclts, machines and technology 61 Vocabulary: How machines work 62 Quantifiers 62 Vocabulary: Describing everyday objects 64 Listen and read: eBay 64 Pronunciation: /3/, /J/, /dy and /tJ7 66 Improve your writing: Formal and informal styles 66

Module 9 Vocabulary: Prepositions Making predictions with will/won't likely to may well Different ways of making predictions Vocabulary: Society and change Hypothetical possibilities with if Real and hypothetical possibilities with if If sentences in social situations Wordspot: make Listen and read: Stuck on a desert island? Real life: Saying numbers Pronunciation: /л/ Vocabulary booster: Money Improve your writing: Opening a bank account

67 67 67 67 68 69 70 70 71 71 72 73 73 73 74

Module 10

PAGE

Vocabulary: Types of story Listen and read: The world's funniest jokes Pronunciation: Sentence stress Past perfect Past perfect or Past simple Present perfect or Past perfect Vocabulary booster: Criminals and crimes Vocabulary: Language of the law Reported speech Reported questions Wordspot: say and tell Vocabulary: Adverbs for telling stories Improve your writing: Checking for mistakes

75 76 76 77 77 77 78 78 79 80 81 81 82

Module 11

—^—^— Obligation and permission 83 Short answers 84 Vocabulary: Rules 84 Obligation and permission in the past 84 must and have to 85 Vocabulary: Expressing opinions 86 Vocabulary booster: Accidents, injuries and illnesses 86 Listen and read: Children sue parents 87 Improve your writing: Linking words 88 Wordspot: do 88 Pronunciation: Compound nouns 88

Module 12 could have should have would have could have I should have I would have Vocabulary: Collocations Imaginary situations in the past with if Vocabulary: Problems and solutions Improve your writing: A letter to sort out a problem Vocabulary booster: Love and relationships Pronunciation: Difficult words Wordspot: think Listen and read: The greatest romantic films of all time? Real life: Starting and finishing conversations

94 95

Answer key

96

89 89 89 89 90 91 92 92 93 93 93

ВнННКШ Grammar terms

Doctor, doctor. Гт worried because I think Гт getting smaller.

Doctor, doctor, please help me I can't stop telling lies

Well, you'll just have to be a little patient.

О

vL

р\Т.Ч i

Waiter, this bowl is wet!

«Ml

Doctor, doctor, people never notice me!

Next, please.

S\fc) How did you find the chicken, madam? I looked under the peas.

ffSB&> 391

Match the underlined words from the jokes above to the grammar terms.

a

a countable noun lies

h

an auxiliary verb

b

an uncountable noun

i

a modal auxiliary verb

с

an adjective

j

a definite article

d

a preposition

к

an indefinite article

e

an adverb

1

a pronoun

f

the base form of the verb

m a possessive adjective

g

the ~ing form of the verb

n

a conjunction

'*

Using a dictionary A dictionary can be very useful to find the grammar of a word. Look at these two extracts from the Longman Active Study Dictionary and complete the gaps below.

2

LONGMAN

Abbreviations

adj adv V

adjective adverb (verb)

prep preposition pron pronoun

n

noun

e n « j o y /m'd30i/©[T] to get pleasure from something: Did you enjoy the movie? enjoy doing sth My wife really enjoys playing golf.

Active Study Dictionary

/ \

/

NOW WITH INTEGRATED THESAURUS

e n * j o y «merit n [U] We hope the bad weather didnt spoil your enjoyment

colour photograP^

e n « j o y * a * b l e /m'djotebal/ adj giving you pleasure: We all had an enjoyable afternoon.

train 2 /trem/ v [T] to teach someone how to do something, especially the practical skills they need to do a job: Staff are trained in how to deal with difficult customers. t r a i n * e e /.trei'ni:/ n [C] someone who is being trained for a job: a trainee teacher train*er /'treina/ n [C] someone whose job is to train people how to do something t r a i n i n g /'tremiq/ n [U] when someone is taught the skills they need to do something: a training course

NEW EDITION

Longman

Complete the sentences with the words from the dictionary extracts in exercise 2. a

Where did Jenny

train

b

My father gets a lot of. I really

d

to be a ski instructor? from his garden.

spending time on my own.

How much football

do you do every

day?

й verb

e

The course was really

E

Patricia's only a

a

enjoy is

b

enjoyment is

Our

с

enjoyable is

week.

d

train is

e

trainee is

f

trainer is

9

training is

. I recommend it. chef, but her cooking

is fantastic! wants us to finish our project this

5

Making questions Word order a Put the words in order to make questions.

1 1

today / you / How / feeling / are

7 all / take / the / Did / antibiotics / you

Hiu are tfoii feellntj today? 2

did / start / Where / your / journey / you

8

3

need / carrier bag / a / you / Do

9 served / is / time / What / breakfast

4

a / got / the / Has / balcony / room

10 number / Have / the / got / six / you / to / answer

5

we / practising / were / yesterday / What

11 anything / Are / in / you / for / particular / looking

suitcase / you / this / yourself / Did / pack

? 6

12 about / did / the / Finance Minister / tax cuts / What / say

the / education / are / plans / government's / What / for

b Who would ask each question? Write the numbers of the questions in the boxes below.

i

ПП

a teacher to a student

2

a journalist to a politician

4

DD a shop assistant to a customer

a doctor to a patient

з

DD a customs official to a traveller

a guest to a hotel receptionist

л

toe, have and do in questions Stefano is asking his friend Pietro about his new girlfriend. Complete his questions with the correct form of be, have or do.

2

STEFANO:

What (a) J_

PIETRO:

Masako.

STEFANO:

(b)

PIETRO:

Yes, that's right.

STEFANO:

Which part of Japan (c)

that a Japanese name? she come

4

с Listen again and repeat the questions and answers, paying attention to the strong and weak sounds.

4

Osaka.

STEFANO:

Ate/ Do you like our new teacher?

your girlfriend's name?

from? PIETRO:

b 1 Ш Listen to the questions and answers. Notice that the auxiliaries do/does, has/have, is/are and wos/were are weak in the question, but strong in the short answer.

Uh-huh ... so (d)

you speak

a

Japanese?

Look at the long answers. Write the question and then the short answer for each one. No, I'm not married. Arc you married

PIETRO:

No. 'Hello' and 'thank you', but that's it!

STEFANO:

Oh, right, (e)

she doing that

No, I'm not b

Yes, j j i v e with my family.

с

No, we don't live in an apartment.

d

No, we didn't live in the same place when I was

English course with you last month? her English is much better than mine.

PIETRO:

NO,

STEFANO:

Well, how (f)

PIETRO:

At the bus stop - she lives near me.

STEFANO:

I see. (g)

you meet her, then? she got her own flat

here? PIETRO:

Well, it's her parents' flat.

STEFANO:

Oh. (h)

PIETRO:

Some of the time, yes.

young.

they living here, too?

Short answers

e No, my grandparents aren't alive.

«^ a Match the questions and short answers.

f 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 a b с d e



D D

□ □ □ □ □

No, I haven't got a car.

Do you like our new teacher? Have you got the time? Is it cold outside today?

9 Yes, I can understand English well.

Did you have a good holiday? Was there a lot of traffic on the roads this morning? Are your neighbours nice? Were you at the football match on Saturday? Has your brother got a girlfriend? Does it take long to do this exercise? Was the film good?

Yes, they are. No, he hasn't. Yes, I did. Yes, I was. No, it wasn't.

f No, it isn't. g Yes, I do. h No, it doesn't. i Yes, there was. 1 No, I haven't.

h No, my English teacher doesn't speak my language

module 1

Classroom questions

Question tags

Correct the questions. He's got her phone number, hasn't he? + It isn't very warm today is it? + Notice: 1 You take sugar in your coffee, don't you? no auxiliary auxiliary do 2 I'm really early aren't I?

Complete the sentences with a question tag.

TWO FRIENDS ARE SHOPPING.

How to pronounce 'b-u-s-i-n-e-s-s'? How do цои pronounce Ъ-u-s-i-n-e-s-s'

b Can you writing 'customer' on the board, please? с

-amfrtl?

Q

a

What's English word for this?

d Which page we are on? e

Have anybody got a spare pen?

f

Can you say again that, please?

g What are tonight's homework? h How you spell 'journey'? i

a

Vocabulary

Ooh, it's cold today, isn't it

How you spend your time

b That coat costs a lot, с They've got some nice clothes here, d These jeans are too short, e 0

There aren't many sales assistants, MRS HALUDAY IS TALKING TO LIESBETH, WHO HAS COME TO STAY FOR SIX MONTHS AND HELP WITH THE CHILDREN.

a You're from Amsterdam, b You speak French, с d e

You've got two little brothers, You don't smoke, You can drive, ?

b Шм&Ж Listen to the statements and add the correct question tag.

You hear: Ooh, it's cold today, ..

8

What means 'colleague'?

You say: Ooh, it's cold today, isn't it?

Complete the sentences with the correct preposition. In one sentence, no preposition is necessary.

7

a I've never been interested in football. b My flatmate spends a lot of time the Internet. с My parents don't have much time relaxing and doing nothing. d My sister and her friends spend too much time chatting the phone. e I really love hanging out my friends at the weekend. f My colleagues spend a lot of time texting their friends at work. cooking. g My brother's quite good h My grandmother doesn't know anything computer games.

Vocabulary booster Hobbies

8 1

i Find the following things in the word square. (The words go across or down.) Three things that people collect

Gloucester,

England

U>vt, Mark, and Tun,

с Imagine that you are on holiday. Write a postcard to an English-speaking friend.

28

*

к

b Complete the gaps with the correct Present perfect form of the verbs in part a.

Vocabulary Word building Complete the sentences by changing the word in capitals to the correct form. The words ail come from Reading on pages 36 and 37 of the Students' Book.

1

How many

puliticrtl

1

Have you rvatl them all? в: No! A lot of them are books I

parties are there in your country? POLITICS

from

My sister has a very strong - she always says what she thinks. PERSON You must be. ! How did you know I was going to say that? TELEPATHY Can we pay

A: You've got a lot of books.

, please? SEPARATE

when I was at school.

2

Did you know that you have exactly the same _ expressions as your mother? FACE

T-shirt and I it already. в: Let's have a look. Oh, it's only a small hole; no one will see it.

You're going to Paris this weekend, too? What a COINCIDE Some people pay

_ prices for designer clothes. BELIEVE

There are some between the two paintings, but I don't think it's the same artist. SIMILAR

Oh-I out all my old books from school. л: Oh, no! This is the first time I this

A:

3

A:

After all the discussion, the council still hasn't come to a _ about the building work. CONCLUDE My grandmother was a children by herself. REMARK

woman: she brought up six

I you not to play in here? OK, don't worry, I'm sure he

I had quite a strict my parents had quite old-fashioned ideas about how children should behave, BRING

any 4

Present perfect simple

A:

2

г ata i? ts

i

good idea? She

never automatic before! 5

A:

%

%

%

v

'af\^> 7

13

ICHCU'M

8

14

9

15

10

16

11

17

12

18

an

Look - I your photo on our website. That's great! How long you how to build websites?

6

broken

bones! Sorry, I can't pick you up from the train station. I the car to Alex. Are you sure that was a

a Circle the irregular verbs in the 'snake' and write the past participles below. The last letter of one verb is the first letter of the next.

are*

Mum! Ben his head on the corner of the table! He's crying! Jonathan! How many times

A:

A:

Who all the biscuits that were in this tin? I don't know, Mum. Hmm, and someone all the Coke, too. Maybe it was a burglar!

29

module 4

Present perfect simple and Past simple

3

i Read this extract from an article called Famous Mums and Dads and complete the gaps with the Present perfect simple or Past simple of the verbs in brackets.

5

Read this interview with Zoe, a singer in a pop group, and choose the best verb form.

I = Interviewer

Z = Zoe

It (1)

"*number 1 all month. You must be very pleased.

people say I'm lucky but I don t think so. Imagine, in my life I (2)

Oh yes, of course, (b) it was / it's been an incredible year for us - we (c) already had / 've already had two number 1 songs this year and we (d) did / 've done a tour of the UK.

(go) to eight different

schools and I (3)

n v i ^ > . \ »i

(never stay) anywhere long

enough to make a best friend. We (4)

(Itve) In so

many different houses that I can't remember some of them. In fact, last year we (5)

OK, tell us how it all (e) started / has started. We only (f) formed / have formed the group in January, and since then we (gj spent/ 've spent almost every day together. At first, we only (h) played / have played other people's songs and we (i) didn't start / haven't started writing our own songs until we (j) found/ 've found our manager, Brian.

(move) house three times.

rt's true, there are some good things: I (6)

(meet) (have)

some really famous people and we (7) some great holidays - I (8)

(go) to Disneyland at

least four times, but never with mum and dad. When l (9)

(be) young, I always (10)

(have)

(take) me on holiday. I'm

a nanny, and she (11)

staying with my aunt and uncle at the moment because my

Uh huh ... so when (k) was / 's been your first big concert? .

dad's making a film in France and my mum (12) (go) to Los Angeles.'

Well, that was two months ago, and around the same time Brian (1) got / 's got us a recording contract with Sony. Yes, and your album (m) went / 's gone to number 3 in the charts the week it was released. So, what's next? /:

с d e f g h i j

30

Well, we're working on some new songs and we (n) just agreed / 've just agreed to do a US tour next summer. Great! Well, we all wish you the best of luck and thank you for coming on the programme.

Listen and check.

Time words with the Present perfect s

Rearrange the words to make sentences.

Six of the sentences below are wrong. Find the " mistakes and correct them

a

Hove you suurl the news last night? Vui ijim set Carrie's a really close friend - we knew each other for ages.

b film /1 / started / the / already / has / think

Hello, er ... sorry, I forgot your name. Jeffs never broken a promise before. Oh, that's a nice watch. How long did you have it? My boss was late for work every day last month. Look! It's stopped raining! I see your team's in the final. Did they ever win the cup? We didn't play tennis together since the summer. I can't find my keys - has anyone seen them?

с

haven't / my / yet / homework /1 / done 1 haren't done тц homework tjct.

Mariel / of / come / hospital / yet / Has / out ?

d many / week / have / shopping / you / this / How / been / times ? e

my / lived / all / here / I've / life

f

has / friend / got / My / just / engaged / best

g on / ever / television / you / appeared / Have ?

*

к

a Match a sentence in column A with a response in column B. Then put the time words in brackets in the right place in the responses.

7 A i

Ш Have you seen Ed this afternoon?

2

I i You look great.

3

Do you want some lunch?

4

What did you think of the DVD I lent you?

s

a

Do you know Susie? Have you ever tried chilli prawns? Why haven't you got any money?

8

Vocabulary Describing life events

8

Complete the phrases in the article with the correct verbs.

From Bottom of the Class to Businesswoman of the Year

Is Dlna on holiday? At the age of sixty, Tessa Daley, director of Newsgroup

В

Publishing, has it all: she has (a) b ссо\цс a

Yes, we've met. (already)

successful that she seems to be on TV or in the papers every week, and she has (b) m

b

Well, I've had to pay a lot of bills, (this month) No, I've been able to eat chilli, (never)

d

Thanks, I've come back from holiday, (just)

e

No thanks, I've had a sandwich, (already)

more money

than most of us could dream of. But this is the woman who (c) f

с

so

all her exams and (d) 1

school with no qualifications. 'I hated school and couldn't wait to get away and (e) s

work. I (f) g

a job at a local

newsagent's. I loved working there because I could read all the magazines, but unfortunately I was asked to leave two weeks later - for reading magazines and forgetring to serve the customers!'

f

I haven't had time to watch it. (yet)

One of the customers was Simon, a good-looking journalist, who she (g) f

g

No, she's been off sick, (all week)

f and wa* (5)

at the

amount of violence thown. M>( ten-fear-old daughter, who wa* watching with me, found it quite ((/)

I was really (7)

.

when I saw that

Celebrity Spot was back on SBS. I always look d e f

Which D contains factual information about something? __ Which TN gives you up-to-date information on the traffic conditions? On which GS do people compete for prizes?

g

Which LN tells you what's been happening in your area of the country? h On which P-I can people give opinions or ask for advice? i Which RS is about ordinary people in unusual or challenging situations? j Which S-C is a series of amusing stories about the same set of characters? к Which SO is a continuing story about the daily lives of a group of people? 1 Which SC lets you watch highlights of games, races and matches?

-ed/'ing adjectives a Complete these letters to a TV magazine with the adjectives in the box. boring confused cowmefng shocked pleased disappointing upsetting disappointed interesting

forward to the programme because it has such (8)

guests. However, last Friday's show

was very (9)

- the interviewer asked

such stupid questions and hardly gave Mel В а chance to speak!

Listen and check.

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the adjectives in the box. amusing /amused depressing / depressed frustrating / frustrated worrying / worried

annoying/annoyed surprising / *ыгрп5е"сГ tiring / tired embarrassing / embarrassed

We're very surpri5fd to hear that Ann and Tom are getting married. We didn't think she liked him! It was so . Kim's brother came up to talk to me at the party and I didn't recognise him! Sandra got very with Geri for being late for another meeting. My gran's cat died last week. She's really I've had such a down and put my feet up.

Well done Channel 10 for the brilliant series City Mysteries, The characters were really (1) oniimtrint} and the stories were certainly never (2)

. I was во

(3)

when it

finished. Are there plans for a new series?

44

_ day - I need to sit

Don't look so your flight's not until 6.30, you've got plenty of time. I don't find Bob's jokes at all

.

shopping trip: I I've had a very couldn't find anything I liked.

4

К

Prepositions after adjectives

b Match a beginning from A with an ending from B. Then complete the sentences with a preposition.

a Look at the extracts from the Longman

4 Dictionary of Contemporary English to find the

\ 1

prepositions which follow the adjectives below.

1

Nobody seems to be interested I'm so bored Are you still frightened We were really disappointed Are you excited My boss was surprised

2 :

.

bored /ba:d/ adj tired and impatient because you do not think something is interesting, or because you have nothing to do: Children easily get bored A [+ with] I'm bored with the same old routine day after day

4

i 6

con-fused /kanfju:zd/ adj unable to understand clearly what someone is saying or what is happening: / am totally confused. Could you explain that again?\ |+ about) If you are confused about anything, phone my office.

a a

Everyone seems to be worried Don't be embarrassed My sister's really depressed I'm not confused

7 8 ■■'

de-pressed /drpresi/ adj a) feeling very unhappy: She felt lonely and depressed. I [+ about] Carter seemed depressed about the situation. dis-ap-point-ed /diwpoinud/ adj sad because something you hoped for did not happen, or because someone or something was not as good as expected: Dad seemed more disappointed than angry.i |+ about] Nathan's really disappointed about not being able to go. em-bar-rassed ЛгпЬагг^м/ adj ashamed, nervous, or uncomfortable in a social situation: I managed to spill water on one of the guests -1 was so emboirassed!\ [+ about] At about the age of twelve, girls start feeling embarrassed about changing their clothes in front of other people. ext unkcnd. We both had a really good time. Ttie only thiny is, I've lost от- of ttm earhnys: / know / was wearintf it on Sunday and when we yot honn; / couldn't find it. Perhaps it fell off while / was playiny with the children in diegarden.

Listen to the words in the box {or say them aloud) and complete the table.

(2)

anti-socjal channel digital feature instruction macjhine manufactured tissues messaging passion picture switch possession re-chargg revision sharp stationers technology television washing machine old-fashioned

N

HI

к\у

Just writing to satj

I

/ don't know if tfon remember it. ft s quit* biy, made of silver, udti a blue stone set in it. Tlte earrings are quite special to me because they were a birthday present from Peter. If you do happen to find it, (3)

1 /tj/

rtnti-si>rirtl

to me? Obviously, (4) Anyway, /'11 keep my fingers crossed/

.

Lots of love, tnytid

22 Prince Avenue. Horbury b

Listen again and repeat the words.

The Manager, Shcrbon Hotel, Vermont

Improve your writing

27th March

Formal and informal styles

Dear Sir/Madam.

a Look at the two letters about things which have been lost. The first is informal and the second is more formal. Complete the gaps with the phrases.

14

you have found a camera (5) which 1 left in my hotel room last weekend. I was staying in room 201 from 2lst-23rd. I am almost certain that I left the camera in the bedside cabinet.

1 don't suppose you've found it /1 do hope it has been found

(6) since it is a very expensive model, it is a Nikon compact, in a black leather case with a red and black strap.

could you post it /1 would be grateful if you could send it let me know how much the postage is /1 will of course pay for postage

(7)

I am writing to enquire whether / Just writing lu say

Yours faithfully,

by registered post to the

above address. (8)

Ian Crompton

b imagine that you have just finished a language course in the UK, and you realise that you have left something in a classroom. Write to the school to ask about it. The address is: Success Language School, Dewbury Road, Brighton.

66

likely to

Vocabulary Prepositions Complete the sentences with a word from each box. The phrases all come from Reading and vocabulary on pages 92 of the Students' book.

1

amounted -glued idea turned value way

down

a

from

of

launched

on

linked

ttf

to

be

During the first moon landing in 1969, millions of people were qfuL'ri to their televisions.

b In the nineteenth century most people thought the flight was nonsense. с None of Schiller's early experiments before he was thirty. anything. d By the end of the 1970s vinylrecordswere their out. e Several publishers his book before it was eventually accepted. f My computer is the network via a modem. g

The discovery of penicillin was

enormous

in the Second World War. h The satellite was Cape Canaveral.

Making predictions with will/won't

2 a

Put will ('II) or won't in the best place in the sentences.

won't Don't worry, l/forget!

b Why don't you buy Meg this bag? She love it! с

I know I win but I buy a lottery ticket every week.

d Let me make a photocopy. It take long. e

There be lots of food at the party.

f

The flight takes hours so you arrive at ten o'clock.

g

Don't panic. The coach go without you!

h I'm going to the conference in Lisbon. You be there?

3

Complete the sentences with is/are/isn't/aren't likely to and the verb in brackets.

a You >f liMu to find (find) the food strange at first. b The weather (get) worse, so bring an umbrella. с Rooney (not play) on Saturday. d The news (be) bad. They think a lot of people were hurt. e You (not improve) if you don't practise. (sleep) much tonight. f We They're having a party next door. g Passengers (experience) long delays at the airport.

may well

4

a Complete the answers using may well and a verb from the box.

cancel

fail

fcmf

get married

leave

snow

1 A: I've never done any Salsa dancing before. в: In that case, you wmj »'cll find it best to take some lessons. 2 A: Melanie seems unhappy in her job. в: Yes. She the company soon. 3 A: HOW long have Jon and Sylvie been going out with each other? в: Almost a year now and they next year. 4 A; I am phoning to check my flight. It's BA 2517. в: Conditions are very poor at the moment and they the flight. 5 A: When is your driving test? в: In two days' time. I feel okay about the practical but I the written exam. 6 A: It's very cold, isn't it? Have you seen the weather forecast today? в: Yes, It later. Listen and check.

67

module 9

Different ways of making predictions

5

Reorder the words in these sentences. The first word is underlined.

6

a Rewrite these sentences so that they mean the same, using the words in brackets.

1 Brazil are likely to win the World Cup. Brazil mat) nvll win the World Cup. (may well) 2 I'm sure we won't have time to do any sightseeing. We . (definitely) 3 It'll probably rain before the end of the day. It . (likely) 4 Perhaps my friend Man will be a famous actress one day. My friend Man

a

tonight / see / HI / definitely / Ray I'll di'fiiiittrlH .Sff Ran tiniitjlit.

b probably / pass / Carlos / his / exam / won't

с

stay / New York / decide / in / Teresa / may / to

d get / isn't / to / Sandy / job / likely / the

. (could)

5

My boss is very unlikely to agree to the pay rise. My boss . (almost certainly) 6 I think you'll recognise my sister when you see her. You . (probably) 7 We probably won't get back from the theatre before midnight. We

e

next / almost / П1 / computing / year / do / certainly / a / course

. (likely) 8 I'm sure that our teacher will give us a lot of homework for the weekend. Our teacher . (almost certainly)

f

so / could / us / late / don't / We / for / wait / be

g

weekend / away / probably / We / this / go / won't

h loads / are / on / There / the / likely / beach / be / to / people / of

68

b ЩъЕШ Listen to the sentences and change them, using the prompts given.

You hear: Brazil are likely to win the World Cup. (may wel

You say: Brazil mat/ tvell w'm tin* World Cup.

Vocabulary

Equality at work?

Society and change - 7 a Write T or i . 1 become more (+ adjective) 2 decrease 90 up get better fall become less (+ adjective) increase 8 9 10 11 12

r

deteriorate get worse _ go down _ improve rise

b Complete the newspaper articles using different phrases from part a. (More than one phrase is possible in each case.)

UK divorce rate improves The number of people who get divorced has (1) decreased / faiicn / цене down to a tenyear low according to the Office for National Statistics. There were 144,600 divorces last year compared with 158,000 ten years ago. It is the third year that the number of divorces has (2) . Unfortunately, however, getting divorced is becoming a habit. The number of people divorcing for the second or third time has (3) sharply. It is now almost double the number of ten years ago.

> < The number of working women has(4) dramatically in the last fifty years. Tn I960 one in four married women went out to work. Today, nearly three out of four do so.

I io\vc\er, most employees Ъ\Ц^. 4hb\l)? л in the lowest-paid professions are women. Their conditions of work have not (5) much, and it is normal to work long hours for minimum pay. In some cases, in fact, the conditions have (6) | дскетлкг since the 19640s, with employers demanding longer hours at difficult times. To balance this, it has easier for women to (7) climb to the top of their profession and the number of female . managers, directors, Listen to the questions and report them.

You say: He asked n\c where I was from.

•4

80

Wordspot

Vocabulary

say and tell

Adverbs for telling stories

Г



I told te Fran that I'd be late. tell + object / said ffem I'd be late. say without object / said to Fran that I'd be late. say + to + object

14

eventually obviously

та

13

Complete the sentences from an e-mail about moving to Russia with the adverbs in the box.

Five of these sentences have mistakes. Find the mistakes and correct them.

1 Sony, what did you ieti? sau 2 The press report said the President had been in an accident. 3 Matthew hasn't told his boss that he's leaving yet. 4 Pat's father said her she should be more polite. 5 Danny told he was going to the USA. 6 Tell to your brother that you're sorry. 7 Mr Stuart said a lot about the new plans. 8 Could you say me your name again, please.

fortunately suddenly

m

gradually surprisingly

immediately unfortunately

Hew Message - 1 0L«f

QRfftipl

DIA»

As soon as I got to St Petersburg, I (а) inmiciiiiitelij in the love with the city.

fell

I had some problems getting around at first, but (b) the people are very kind and helped me when I got lost on the Metro.

I've started Russian lessons and my speaking is (c) improving.

Circle the correct verb say or tell and complete the gaps with the words in the box. about sorry

difference thank you

goodbye joke" truth what

no

, there The weather's been brilliant, (d) had been no snow until November this year (usually it starts in October).

off

1

Bob saia^old)me a good jt'ki' about an Englishman, an Irishman and a Scotsman. 2 Her teacher said/told Tanya for being late.

Last Tuesday it (e) started snowing in the middle of the afternoon at work and it hasn't stopped since then.

3

If a woman asks you 'Do I look fat in this?' never say/tell her the !

4 5

Jo left the party without saying/telling Look I've said/told . Can't we just forget about it?

6

Anna's writing a note to her grandparents to say/ tell for her Christmas present. Could you say/tell me your relationship with the President? I asked her if she would go out with me but she said/told . Can you say/tell me the _ _ between the Canadian and American accent? The girl at the Helpdesk was great. I explained the problem and she said/told me _ _ to do.

7 8 9 10

.

My apartment is small but clean and not too expensive. (f) _ it's a long way from the office and I missed the last Metro home last night.

I was waiting for a taxi when a man came up to me and started talking to me very loudly. I think he'd been drinking and (g) I felt quite frightened.

A young man came and helped me. He waited with me until (h) a taxi arrived.

81

module 10

Improve your writing Checking for mistakes

15 л

Here is a Japanese legend written by a student. The teacher has marked the mistakes using the following code. Look at the code and correct the mistakes.

for Q missing word

sp for spelling

wo for word order

vf for verb form

ww for a wrong word

Tsuru no On-gaeshi: The Crane Once there was/poor hunter who lived in Japan. One day he was hunting and he find a crane caught in a tree. He felt sorry for the crane and he freed

vf

it. Than he went home and forgot about it.

ww

A few days later, a lovely woman came to the hunter's house. They felt in

ww

love and they got married. His wife new was kind and beautiful but he didn't

wo

have enugh money for two people. She saw his problems and offered to

sp

weave some fabric so that he could sell it in the market - but she said him

ww

that he must never watch her. She stayed in the weaving hut during three days. At last she came out with a

ww

beuatiful fabric called Tsuru-no-senba-ori (thousand feathers of a crane). The

sp

hunter sold the fabric for a lot gold. The hunter quickly spent all the gold

4

and he asked her several times to make fabric more. The hunter became richer

wo

and richer but his wife gradually became thiner and thiner.

sp n.

b I must clean my boots every day. с

I'm not allowed to have long hair.

d

I can't e-mail home.

e

We can watch a movie every Saturday evening.

f

We are allowed go into town once a month.

g

I don't have to pay for my meals.

Reorder the words in these conversations. The first word is underlined. Q

crossings dfwtn^ftest park seat belt

fine

lorries

KIM:

exam / to / calculator / Were / a / allowed / the / take / into / you ? (1) Were ион aikmwd to take a calculator into thf раня?

PIETER:

weren't / No / we

KIM:

(2) did / answer / many / have / How / questions / to / you ?

motorways

L

a

KIM AND PIETER ARE TALKING ABOUT A MATHS EXAM.

You aren't allowed to drive until you've passed your driving test ,

b You have to wear a . с You often have to pay to your car in the city centre. d You always have to stop at pedestrian e It's an offence to drive faster than 110 kph on British . You usually have to pay a if you are caught driving too fast. can't drive into the city centre between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m.

(3) PIETER:

three / We / do / in / had / hours / twenty / to (4)

Q

PATRIZIA AND ITALO ARE TALKING ABOUT A SUMMER CAMP.

PATRIZIA:

8

up / allowed / you / late / to / Were / stay ? (1)

ITALO:

These people are talking about their lives when they were ten. Change the sentences {if necessary) so that they are true for you.

campfire / we / by / midnight / Yeah / until / sit / the / could

a

I had to wear white gloves and a hat to school.

MARIA:

I didn't

b

JOHN:

I couldn't stay up after 8.00 p.m. during the week.

с

LISBETH:

We were allowed to wear whatever we wanted at school.

d

ANNA:

I could go out to play with my friends whenever I wanted to.

e

JANE:

We weren't allowed to speak in the corridors at school.

f

JUDIT:

We could call our teachers by their first names.

(2) PATRIZIA:

get / early / you / up / Did / to / have ? (3)

ITALO:

to / nine / we / No / up / didn't / until / get / have

\\i\VC tO 1\\'Г\У fj\0l'CS ОГ i\ llttt.

(4)

must and have to Complete the sentences with the words in the box. Q

MONA IS TALKING TO VANESSA ABOUT VANESSA'S

must mustn't {x2) have to had to didn't have to

DAUGHTER, FRANCOISE. MONA:

VANESSA:

America / a / Did / have / Francoise / time / in / good ?

a

You

(1)

b

It's free to get in: you

pay.

с

I missed my train and I

_ wait half an

six / week / to / she / work / No / a / days / had

mustn't

d

It's not a direct flight to New Zealand: you change planes at Bangkok.

e terrible / Thafs ! (3)

smoke in the library.

hour for the next one.

(2)

MONA:

don't have to (x2)

There were only two people in front of me in the queue so I

f

wait long.

Don't cry, Jessica - you

play with Jon if

you don't want to. VANESSA:

allowed / us / to / wasn't / she / phone / And

g

You

(4)

h

I

walk on the railway line. remember to post this letter.

85

module 11

Vocabulary

Vocabulary booster

Expressing opinions

Accidents, injuries and illnesses

10 1

a Use the prompts to make full sentences.

11

a Which of the words in bold below can you

see in the pictures?

It should / illegal / drop rubbish on the streets It should be illt'tjiil to drop rubbish on the streets.

2 Take / photographs / famous people on holiday / should / banned

3 Young people should / have / right / watch any film they want

4

People should / sent / prison / copy videos illegally

5

People should / fined / eat on public transport

6

It should / against / law / women over 60 / have babies

b For each of the opinions above, what do people think? Complete the words. The words come from page 116 of the Students' Book.

1

It'sAHlilliL.

2 It's f _ i _ 3 It's too 1 _ 4 It's too h _ 5 It's r _ d _ 6 It'su f

. b_ r r _ h. c_l r.

A 1 2

You could get a lump You could get a black eye

I — I

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

. 12 s.

J



You could burn yourself It could become swollen You could start sneezing You might break your ankle You might fall over You might get a blister You might get a rash You might get indigestion You'll probably feel breathless You'll probably get sunburn

В

if an insect bites your hand. if you get wet on a cold day. if you run fast up some stairs. if you are allergic to food and you eat it. if you get hit in the face. if you spill a hot drink on your hand. if you spend too long in the sun. g h if you feel dizzy. if you eat too fast. if you trip over something. if you go for a long walk in new shoes. if you fall over and hit your head. I a b с d e f

Match the beginnings of the sentences in A with the endings in B.

86

*

к

Listen and read

I

Children sue parents f S D Listen to and/or read the four Z- newspaper stories about children who have sued their parents. Write a sentence for each story summarising the reason why they sued.

1

Мм n't» Siliv'i's fathtT tht'catcvicd hiin with a i\tm after he rrf'used to cut his hair.

О When fifteen-year-old Mario Silva refused lo cut his hair because he wanted to look like his favourite film star, his father pulled out a gun and threatened to shoot him. 'My husband had been telling Mario to get his hair cut for the last two years and they had an argument,' said his wife. Fernando Silva was arrested and will appear in court next week. Meanwhile Mario has decided to sue him and to ask to be formally separated from his parents. 'I don't feel safe in the house anymore,' he told our reporter.

e b

Listen and/or read again. Which person or people .

1

wanted separation from their parents? Marie, Dimiinitjuc

2

did not like the way their child looked?

3

liked the way their child looked?

4

had an accident?

5

was afraid of one of their parents?

6

was not in control of their own money?

7

had a famous son or daughter?

8

was successful in suing their parents?

A Jamaican woman sued her parents after falling down the stairs of their home during a visit. Beatrice, who was in her early twenties, said that her parents had been negligent because they "failed to look after the carpet on the stairs.' As a result of the fall she suffered serious and permanent injuries when she tripped over the carpet in August 2002. She was awarded $1,000 in damages at a court in Kingston.

О In 1996, seventeen-year-old Olympic gold medallist Dominique Moceneau left home and asked to become a legal adult and to be in control of her own money. She said that her father. Dumitru Moceneau. had taken all her winnings and left her with no money and that her parents had robbed her of her childhood by pushing her so hard to become a gymnast. After hearing her complaints a Texan court granted her independence from her parents.

Match the numbers to the things they refer to.

1

5

2

1,000

3 U 2 4

15

5

1996

a b с d e

the number of years father had been telling child to do something the age child was when he sued the number of jars of cookies the year the child left home the amount paid for damages

О A Canadian actress is suing her parents for making her fat. Tina Stowe, a well-known TV star in Canada, says that her mother, Lisa, kept five jars of cookies in the house in places where a child could easily find them and used to make the situation worse by telling her she was prettier than the other girls in her school. Stowe has said that her mother should have married a more suitable partner, preferably someone of a slimmer build. Stowe will appear in court next month.

87

module 11 Improve your writing

Wordspot

Linking words

do

1

Q 3

Read the text and circle the correct linking word.

Nowadays

1

Д

Complete the dialogues with the words in the box.

badly best homework overtime well yoga

science

ironing

-languages"

has made it possible for

a couple

who

a

в: Thanks. I did ia*u)iu\qcs at university.

can't have children to pay a woman to have

b

surrogate

mothers

sign

a

couple as soon as it is

с

Also, this result,

there have been a number of 'horror stories 1 in the newspapers recently.

d

child, (c) Although

e f

this,

besides

they understand the heartache of a childless woman, having a baby is not an automatic right. They

feel

the

whole

thing is

.

A: DO the children like their new school?

h

completely

unnatural and (f) for this reason / also should

A: Can you get us tickets for the Liverpool match? в: Well, I'll do my anything.

but 1 can't promise

Pronunciation Compound nouns Mark the stress on these compound nouns from Module 11. Look back at page 83 of the Students' Book to remind you of the stress patterns.

15

not be allowed, (g) Besides / However, they ask what will happen to the child when he or she is

1

capital punishment

7

military service

old enough to know the truth. This could have a

2

car park

8

pedestrian crossing

3

city centre

9

seat belt

4

driving test

10

smoking area

is more, I tend to agree that surrogacy is wrong,

5

fast food

11

swimming pool

or at least that there should be stricter rules

6

heart disease

12

train station

terrible effect on their mental and emotional development. I feel that this last point is particularly important and, (h) therefore /

what

about it. E9 Listen and check. Then practise saying them.

88

.

/

many people arc against this /

A: Did you see that documentary on TV last night?

в: Yes, I think so. And they're doing

/ What is more, a surrogate

practice. They say that (e) although

first.

в: Yes, I watched it while I did the

mother can often save an unhappy marriage and Despite

A: Can I watch Robot Wars? в: Only if you do your

g

make some money for herself, (d) Therefore

A: Does everybody earn the same amount? в: No, workers are paid double if they do

People have strong feelings on both sides. Some say that it is every woman's right to have a

on Tuesdays and aerobics

on Thursdays.

business arrangement does not always work well in practice and, (b) despite this / as a

A: DO you go to exercise classes? в: Well, I do

born, in return for a large sum of money. (zyQfoweve?)/

in

maths and science.

contract promising to give the baby to the

A: HOW were your exam results? в: Well, I passed seven, but I did

their baby for them. These

A: You speak Spanish very well.

*

к

could have

1 a b

Rewrite these sentences so that they mean the same, using could have.

could have I should have I would have Look at the pictures and match them to the captions below.

Perhaps Kate's forgotten that we invited her. Kate could have forgotten that uv invited her. It was possible that Elena ate your sandwich.

z

Elena с Maybe you left your wallet in the bank. You d Jason may have caught an earlier train. jason

Щ&

should have

11J&WTSErSs

What would you 'say' in these situations? Complete the sentences using should(n't) have, and the verb in brackets.

2

a

•$е$М$*й

You left your car in a car park without buying a ticket. You have to pay a €30 fine. I should have bought a ticket . (buy)

b You told your best friend Anna a secret. She told your boyfriend Tom. You . (tell) с You've been waiting one hour for a bus because you thought a taxi was too expensive. We . (take) d Your colleague has made a decision without discussing something with you first You . (discuss) e Your friend's laptop was stolen from his car. He . (leave)

would have

3

Imagine you are alive 100 years ago. Make sentences about your life, using would(n't) have.

a

1 wouldn't have had a computer.

b

b с

e

с

d e

f

'Oh well, they wouldn't have had room for my luggage, anyway.' 'What do you mean, you gave him your sweets? I'd have hit him.' I—I 'Darling, you could have hurt yourself.' 'Oh well, it's not too bad - we could have lost everything.' I I 'I knew I shouldn't have gone to that hairdresser.' 'You should have told me your boss was a vegetarian.'

f

89

module 12 Complete the sentences with a phrase from the box, and the best form of the verb in brackets. could have (x2) shouldn't have

a

couldn't have would have (x2)

should have (x2) wouldn't have

Oh no, I've forgotten Marcel's address. I knew I йНоиЫ haw written (write) it down.

b Why didn't you buy them that picture? I'm sure they Gike) it. We did our best to catch the train: we (run) any faster.

с d

You (listen) to Paul. You know he has some stupid ideas. I like Kristin's new motorbike, but I

e

(buy) a bigger one. f Look where you're going - we were really close to that car. We (have) an accident. g You were right not to tell her the truth about Brian: she (believe) you, anyway. h Rupert (be) a great pianist, but he didn't practise enough. i The room was a terrible mess when the men had finished painting it. 1 myself. 1

(do) it

Listen to these sentences and repeat what you hear. Circle the correct phrase.

You shouldn't walk /You shouldn't have walked home so late at night. We could invite / We could have invited our teacher to the picnic on Saturday. Do you still have a headache? You should take / You should have taken an aspirin. I'm glad you bought a cake. / wouldn't have/1 wouldn't have had time to make one. Has (on really gone running in this rain? I'd stay / I'd have stayed at home. Mum and I waited for nearly an hour. We couldn't wait / We couldn't have waited any longer.

90

Vocabulary Collocations a Cross out the collocation which isn't correct. The collocations come from Language focus 1 on pages 122 and 123 (see also the tapescript on page 000) of the Students' Book.

7 1

make support -do*

2 win make enter

4

5

6

a decision

a competition

suffer from

anxiety loneliness danger

catch develop overcome

a fear of...

to face to give up to add to

the danger

to go

to prepare for complete

a journey

b Complete the sentences with a verb from the collocations above.

1 Have you ever 2 How would you the world?

won

a prize in a competition? _ for a journey around

In what situations could you from loneliness? 4 Should you a friend's decision even when you don't agree with him or her? Have you ever a serious danger to your life?

Do you have a fear of something? If so, when did the fear

?

Imaginary situations in the past with if

8 Q

If I hadn't forgotten my passport If Sara and I had stayed longer in Paris If we'd booked our theatre tickets in advance If Greta hadn't bought a new coat If Malcolm had stopped smoking If my uncle lived near the airport .If it hadn't rained If you hadn't taken so long to get ready

□ □ □ □

< d e i

У h



В I she'd have enough money to pay her rent. 2 I'd have stayed at his house on my way to

Germany. I'd be on the plane to Tunisia. we wouldn't have had to queue outside. we could have taken the children to the zoo. we wouldn't have missed our bus. he wouldn't be in hospital now. we'd gone up the Eiffel Tower.

4 5 б 7 В

9

1

If / he / not / decide / 'become something in life' / he / not / run away If* He hadn't decided to 'becovne something in life'. he wouldn't have run аищц.

2

If / he / not / run away / he / do / an electrician's course

Match the sentence beginnings in A with the endings in B.

л b

b Use the prompts to make full sentences about the story.

a Read the following newspaper article and answer the questions.

1 Why did Prasad run away from home? 2 What did his family think had happened to him?

T

he family of an Indian boy who disappeared from home two years ago were amazed to see him on TV receiving a national award. Prasad Akkonan's relatives had started to think the boy must be dead when they saw him winning the award for being top scorer in his exam. Prasad ran away from home 'to become something in life' after his family forced him to enrol in an electrician's course against his wishes. He went to Bombay and then to Nangpur where he worked as a waiter at a tea stall during the day, and studied at night. His family had no idea what had happened to him until they saw him receiving his award for scoring 86.5%, the highest amongst millions of students in his Higher Secondary Exam.

3 If / he / stay / at home / he / be / an electrician now

4

He / not / have / enough money to study / if / he / not / work / as a waiter

5

If / he / write / to his parents / they / not / think / he was dead

6

If / they / not / see / the programme/ they /still / think / he was dead

7 He / not / have / score / 86.5% / if / he / not / work hard

If / he / not / be / very clever / he / not / won / the award

91 I

module 12

Vocabulary

Improve your writing

Problems and solutions

A letter to sort out a problem

a Complete the conversations with the words and phrases in the box. The words are from Vocabulary on page 126 of the Students* Book.

1

10

come up expert advice go away belpdesfc ignore sort it out talk it over make up our minds concerned

' Lucy Humphries booked a flight to Mexico City and paid by credit card. She received her ticket a few days later, but the dates on the ticket were wrong. She sent the ticket back to the travel agent's, but nearly two weeks have passed and she has not heard from them.

Lucy has written a letter to sort out the problem. Reorder the sentences below.

44 Barn Road Nottingham NS4 29th May The Manager Eurotrips Travel Agents

A: Jen, can you help me? в: Sure, what's the problem? A: This CD player isn't working.

Dear Sir/Madam. a

A week later, 1 received my credit card receipt and the ticket, but unfortunately the dates were wrong.

b

That was ten days ago. and Tve heard nothing from you since,

с

You booked me onto a flight costing €575, which I paid by credit card.

d

I look forward to hearing from you.

e

As you can imagine, I am very concerned about this because I need to make other arrangements for my trip, which 1 cannot do until the dates are confirmed.

f

Several weeks ago 1 telephoned your office to book a return flight to Mexico City, leaving on 8th July and returning 27th July.

g

I would therefore be grateful if you would look into this matter urgently.

h

I immediately returned the ticket by registered post, with a note explaining the problem.

в: (30 minutes later) I give up! You should contact the (a) Ucipdesk and get some (b)

О A: Hello, David Holden. в: Hi, David, this is Bill. Look, a problem has (c) and I need to (d) so I can't meet you for lunch.

О A: Hello, I'm Maria Gonzales. I'm Rosie's mother. в: Ah Mrs. Gonzales, thank you for coming. I'm feeling rather (e)

Yours faithfully,

about Rosie.

She seems very depressed at the moment. I thought we could (f)

the problem,

and hope it would just (9)

but yesterday she

started fighting with another child and so I wanted to (h)

with you to see

if there's a problem at home. Then maybe we can (1)

In your notebook write a letter to sort out the problem below. Use the letter above to help you. Show your letter to your teacher.

what to do. Listen and check.

Three weeks ago, you booked a four-week course at the Success Language School, 354 Liffey Road, Dublin DN6. A week ago, you had not received a receipt or confirmation of your place on the course. You phoned the school and left a message on the answering machine, but you have still not heard anything. Before you write the letter, decide: • How many hours a day your course is: 3 / 4 / 5 ? • How you paid for the course: credit card / bank transfer? The dates of your course.

92 *

к

Vocabulary booster

Pronunciation

Love and relationships

Difficult words

12

| | j £ | Put the following events in order to tell the story of a relationship. Then listen and

л

л

a Match the words in A with their " pronunciation in B.

check.

a b

so we decided to split up. IAJ We started talking, liked each other, and we found we had a lot in common. However, we missed each other a lot Carole and I met on a training course two years ago. JBut then I had to go away for three months and we drifted apart. and I'm seeing someone else. but it didn't work out As we got to know each other we became very close and in the end we broke up again.

A 1 anxiety —^ 2 toughest \ 3 physical \ 4 phobia \ 5 rescued ^ -6 fulfil 7 ambition 8 expert 9 bruised 10 opportunity 11 solicitor 12 relationship 13 argument 14 argumentative

в /.Dps'tjumiti/ /Tizikal/ /n'leijanfip/ AAfoSt/ /aerj'zarati/ /,a:gju'mentativ/ /fulfil/ 9 h /eksp3:t/ i /aem'bijan/ i /sa'hsstg/ к /bigju'ment/ ; /bru:zd/ m /Yeskju:d/ n /ТэоЫэ/ a b с d e f

b ШЕЕМ Listen and repeat.

so we started going out with each other. □

It's taken me six months but now I think I'm over her

Wordspot think

and so we got back together, m

When I came back we started having a lot of arguments

13

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrases from exercise 12.

a

I hiYriiiu' t-чтц flo.se to my mother after I had a baby of my own. I find I can tell her anything now.

b Gina and Doug last week and he's already someone else. с Luke seems really nice; I'd like to him better. d My classmate and I have a .We live in the same street and we both love football! e I thought I was Rodney but I still think about him all the time. f We met on holiday and everything was wonderful, but when we went home we didn't write or phone much and we just . g

Duncan and Rachel got married a year ago, but it didn't and they've just got divorced.

1

p- Complete the sentences with the words in Э the box.

back just myself of ^f over so straight the world up I .

should

a

What do you think °* of my new hairstyle? b Stella's appearing on TV. think! She could be famous! с We need to think a name for the new range of cosmetics. d We've thought it _ and we've decided to offer the job to Thomas Ferrier. e Is Pukhet in Malaysia? I don't think f I think it'll cost about 5200. g You know I think of my father! h I'm so tired I can't think . i We're thinking moving to Mexico. j My mother always taught me to think for к

I often think

to my schooldays.

93

module 12

Listen and read

В The romance in this film is tragic because it is so intense and lasts for such a short time. And because it is only a small part of a terrible and huge drama. A voyage on a ship going to New York brings together Rose, a high-class seventeen-year-old girl, and a thirdclass passenger. Everyone who has seen this movie remembers Kate Winslet and Leonardo Di Caprio together at the bow of the ship, the wind blowing in their hair and their hearts full of hope ('Jack, I'm flying.1'). She thinks her biggest problem is to decide whether to marry her rich fiance or to leave him for her new love. We know that in the next three hours they will both face terrible danger and that he will have to die so that she can live.

The greatest romantic films of all time? Boy meets girl. Boy falls in love with girl. Boy gets girl. The recipe for a romance? Maybe not, if we look at the three t o p romantic films of all time, according to a recent vote by filmgoers. It seems that the films we remember best are those ones where love doesn't always have a happy ending.

16

E9 Listen to and/or read the text about three films and match each to its title.

1

Doctor Zhivago

2

Casablanca

3

Titanic

One of the most beloved of American films, this is a classic story of a love triangle between two men and one woman. It is the story of Rick Blaine (Humphrey Bogart) who runs a nightclub in a town in Morocco during World War II. Rick's cafe has become a place where people can get illegal papers to help them to escape from Europe to America. One day, to Rick's horror, llsa (Ingrid Bergman) walks through the door of his cafe ('Of all the gin joints in all the towns in all the world, she walks into mine'). Rick and llsa were lovers in Paris before the war but he thinks that she left him. Their romantic feelings soon return but Rick and llsa must face a painful choice, should llsa go to America with her husband, Victor (an important war hero who needs her support) or should she stay with Rick, the love of her life? In the end Bogart makes the decision for her and does the hardest thing for any man in love. He lets her go. In one of the most famous goodbye scenes ever recorded on film, he wipes away her tears and says: 'Here's looking at you kid.'

The music is unforgettable, the photography is extraordinary and the romance is moving. Against the background of the Russian Revolution, this is the story of a doctor who is in love with two women, one of them his wife and the other his lover (Lara). Omar Sharif and Julie Christie play the lovers who are separated and then brought back together again by war and destiny. Everyone suffers in this powerful but tiny human story and also in the bigger story of the events of the Revolution. The film is about the choices people have to make between love and duty to their family and to their country. Eventually Lara and the doctor decide to part but the ending is not completely sad. Many years later we see that their daughter has survived and the future for her looks more hopeful.

b

Listen and/or read again and answer the

questions.

1 Where does each film take place? A В С 2

Each film is about three people. Who are they? A В С

3

Is the ending happy or sad or both? A В С

94

Real life Starting and finishing conversations

1

* 7 a Match the speech bubbles to make complete phrases / for starting and finishing conversations. getting here? the time?

8

3 As you go into the party, your friend Simon comes up and sees your guests. It's a long time since he has seen them. What does he say?

4 You take your friends into the party and introduce them to your sister. What does your sister say?

5

Later at the party, one of your guests introduces his girlfriend to you. You don't know very much about her, except that she's going to study in Prague. What do you say?

6

It's 11.30. You're in the middle of a

^ Щ - ' really I hear you're going to study

b Now write the complete phrases in the correct column of the table.

Starting conversations

Finishing conversations

conversation and a friend who lives a long way away comes up to you. What does he say?

Hello, I've heard a [ot about IJOU. 7 It's one o'clock. You've been having a very interesting conversation with one of your guests when she suddenly looks at her watch. What does she say? (Two phrases together) с Look at the following situations which take place at a party. Choose the best phrase {1-9 from above) for each situation.

1 You're having a party. The doorbell rings, you open the door and see two good friends. What do you say? Hi, t)Uui цои could come. 2 It's a cold night and there's ice on the roads. You know your friends came by car. As you take their coats, what do you ask?

d СЕЕЕЭ Listen to the situations and say the correct phrase.

You hear:

You say:

You're having a party. The doorbell rings, you open the door and see two good friends.

95

Pearson Education Limited Edinburgh Gate Harlow Essex CM20 2|E England and Associated Companies throughout the world. www.longman.com © Pearson Education Limited 2005 The right of Jane Comyns Carr and Frances Eales to be identified as authors of this Work has been asserted by them in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988. All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without the prior written permission of the Publishers. First published 2005 Third impression 2006 ISBN-10: 0-582-82519-9 ISBN-13: 978-0-582-82519-2 Set in 9pt Stone Informal Printed in Malaysia Designed by Jenny Coles Project Managed by Lindsay White

Author Acknowledgements The publishers and authors would like to thank the following people for their help and contribution: Sarah Cunningham and Peter Moor for their ongoing encouragement and advice; Jonathan Tennant and all at International House Sydney for their encouragement and support; Bill Eales and our colleagues at International House London for their support: Jonathan Barnard, [enny Coles, Jenny Colley, Yolanda Durham, Alma Gray, Tina Gulyas, Liz Moore, Sarah Munday, Ann Oakley, Shona Rodger, Lindsay White. The publishers and authors are very grateful to the following people for reporting on the manuscript: Amanda Bailey, St. Giles School of English, London, Leslie Hendra, International House, London. We are grateful to the following for permission to reproduce copyright material: Excerpts of Customer Reviews Ananova Limited for an extract adapted from "Missing Indian boy spotted on TV winning exams award" published at www.ananova.com; Amazon.com, Inc. All rights reserved. Used with permission; British Sky Broadcasting Limited for an extract - adapted from "Johnny Depp" published at www.skymovies.com; Matt Connolly for extracts from www.iusedtobelieve.com; Discover The World for an extract adapted from "Lapland Adventure Weekend" published at www.artic-experience.co.uk; and Pearson Education Limited for extracts from the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. In some instances we have been unable to trace the owners of copyright material and we would appreciate any information that would enable us to do so. Photo Acknowledgements We are grateful to the following for permission to reproduce copyright photographs: Alamy/Carol Dixon for page 27 (bottom); Ambient Imates Inc/Peter Bennett for page 28 (top); |ohn Birdsall for page 40 (bottom), 41 top; Corbis/Aero Graphics Inc for page 26; Stephen Frink for page 27 (top); Education Photos/John Walmsley for page 40 (top); Getty lmages/Stone/|ohn Lawrence for page 28 (bottom); Leland Bobbe for page 72; Greg Evans International for page 88; Rex Features/Vinnie Zuffante for page 34; Time Newspapers for page 35; Zefa/Masterfile for page 31; Masterftle/Rick Gomez for page 41 (bottom). Illustrated by Kathy Baxendale, Colin Brown, [oan Corlass, Nicky Dupays, Stephanie Hawken, Conny Jude. Tim Kahane, Aziz Khan, Ian Mitchell, Nicky Taylor and Teresa Tibberts. Cover photo © Getty Images/Image Bank.

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