PRONUNCIATION QUESTION Flipbook PDF
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There are relationships between the age at which a language is learned and the degree of foreign accent. Which of the statement is correct? a. If the learner began to speak in the second language before the age of six, there will be little or no accent. b. If the learner began to speak in the second language before the age of six, there is almost always an accent. c. If the learner began to speak between the ages of seven and 11, the learner is likely to have no accent. d. If the learner began to speak after the age of 12, then there will be little or no accent.
Question 2: Which following aspect is NOT the cause of the relationship between the age at which a language is learned and the degree of foreign accent? a. Physical b. Intellectual c. Psychological d. Personality
The speaker typically pronounces the second language in the same way as pronouncing the first language, making the same kinds of substitutions and patterns of pronunciation.” Which of the following factor that is indicated by the statement? a. The learner’s age b. The learner’s first language c. The learner’s development and range of styles d. The experience and attitudes of the learners
Question 4: “Major (1987) suggested that as learners proceed in their learning of the second language, interference processes from the first language decrease but developmental processes increase and then decrease.” Which of the following factor that is indicated by the statement? a. The learner’s age b. The learner’s first language c. The learner’s development and range of styles d. The experience and attitudes of the learners
Which of the factor is NOT categorized as one of the attitude factors? a. Number of years the learner had lived in an Englishspeaking country b. Strength of the learner’s desire to have an accurate pronunciation c. Learner’s skill at mimicry d. Learner’s extroversion or introversion
Question 6: "Teach the learners to hear the wanted sound by using distinguishing and identifying activities." Which activities should come before when teaching the sound?
a) Identifying should come before distinguishing. b) Distinguishing should come before identifying. c) When the teacher says the word "ship" the students have to point at the correct picture d) Teacher says a pair of words and students determine whether the two sounds are the same.
Question 7: Locke (1970), says that repeating sounds activity shows _________________. a) very much improvement b) worse c) very little further improvement d) no improvement
Teaching the sound usually begins with _____ because it is believed that such practice would help in improving pronunciation. (Henning, 1996) a) hearing practice b) teaching word stress and intonation c) producing sounds d) correcting pronunciation mistakes
Question 9: How can we fit pronunciation into a course? I. Regularly set a time for pronunciation sessions for the class. II. Ask the learners to repeat the sound after the teacher. III. Set goals, and activities that focus on pronunciation skills occasionally. IV. Have speaking activities such as formal talks, poems and songs, read-and-look-up activities etc.
a) I and II b) I, II and III c) I, III and IV d) all of the above
Question 10: Practised in controlled situations
Unmonitored spontaneous use
Which statement correctly describes the above situation?
a) Learners need to practise transferring what they have practised in controlled situations to unmonitored spontaneous use. b) Situations for speaking can be ranked on a continuum from careful and highly monitored to spontaneous.
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