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40 HADITHS RELATED TO RAMADHAN


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SAHAJA AKU BERPUASA… 40 HADITHS RELATED TO RAMADHAN

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Published by: Shariah Compliance Unit, 2021 Sultan Ahmad Shah Medical Centre @IIUM Jalan Sultan Ahmad Shah, Bandar Indera Mahkota, 22300 Kuantan, Pahang.

TEAM Coordinator Aminudin Che Ahmad Editorial & Book Cover Zulfadzly Rohaizad Content Abdul Rahman Al-Azmi Md Hanin Md Yusof Wan Syafiq Asyraf Supports Roswati Nawi Noor Faridah Mohamed Afiq Zoll Nor Fatihah Atikah 3

ِ ِِ ِ َ ‫َش ْهر رم‬ ٍ َ‫َّاس وب يِن‬ ‫ات ِم َن ا ْْلَُد ٰى‬ ََ ُ َ َ ِ ‫ضا َن الَّذي أُن ِز َل فيه الْ ُق ْرآ ُن ُه ًدى للن‬ ِ ‫ان ۚ فَمن َش ِه َد‬ ِ َ‫والْ ُفرق‬ َّ ‫ضا أ َْو َعلَ ٰى‬ ‫ْي‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ه‬ ‫الش‬ ‫م‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ُ َ ً ‫ص ْمهُ ۖ َوَمن َكا َن َم ِري‬ ْ َُ َ ْ َ َ ُ َّ ‫َس َف ٍر فَ ِع َّدةٌ ِم ْن أ َََّّيٍم أُ َخ َر ۗ يُ ِري ُد‬ ‫اَّللُ بِ ُك ُم الْيُ ْس َر َوََل يُ ِري ُد بِ ُك ُم الْعُ ْس َر‬ َّ ‫َولِتُ ْك ِملُوا ال ِْع َّد َة َولِتُ َكِّبُوا‬ ‫اَّللَ َعلَ ٰى َما َه َدا ُك ْم َولَ َعلَّ ُك ْم تَ ْش ُك ُرو َن‬ “The month of Ramadan is the one in which the Qur’ān was revealed as guidance for mankind, and as clear signs that show the right way and distinguish between right and wrong. So those of you who witness the month must fast in it. But the one who is sick, or is on a journey (should fast) as much from other days (as he missed). Allah intends (to provide) ease for you and does not intend (to create) hardship for you. All this is so that you may complete the number (of fasts as prescribed) and proclaim the Takbīr of Allah for having guided you, and (so) that you may be grateful.” (Quran 2:185)

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INTRODUCTION Alhamdulillah, all praise be to Allah SWT, who has bestowed Taufik and Hidayah to the Shariah Team for completing the compilation of 40 hadiths related to Ramadhan. This book has been prepared and compiled in order to internalize culture of daily hadith recitation among Muslim, especially among SASMEC @IIUM staff. This book is suitable for the SASMEC @IIUM staff and community to refer, read and discuss in the blessed month of Ramadhan. The hadiths and its meaning in this book are written in Arabic, English and Malay languages to make easier for the readers to understand. All hadiths are taken from the authentic sources (Sunan Sittah) and only reliable hadiths (sahih and hasan) from view of hadith scholars are included in this book. We hope that our readers can get a lot of benefits from this book. In a nutshell, may Allah SWT reward us with His Blessings and guide us with His Mercy into the Paradise. Amin. SHARIAH COMPLIANCE UNIT

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HADITH 1: LARANGAN BERPUASA SEBELUM RAMADAN

َ‫َ"َل‬:َ‫بَصَلَىَللاََعَلَيَ َِهَ َوسَلَمََقَال‬ َِِ َِ‫َعَ َِنَالن‬،َ‫ضيََللاََعَنَه‬ َِ ‫بَهََريََرةَََر‬ َ َِ‫عَنََأ‬ ِ ‫ي ت قدمنَأحدكمَرمضانَبِصوِمَي وِمَأوَي وم‬ َ‫َإَِلَأنَيكونَرج ٌلَكان‬،‫ْي‬ "َ‫َف ليصمَذلِكَاليوم‬،‫يصومَصومه‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Abu Hurairah RA, Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Janganlah kamu berpuasa sehari atau dua hari sebelum tibanya bulan Ramadan melainkan orang yang biasa berpuasa dengan puasa yang tertentu, maka dibolehkan untuknya berpuasa” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 1914)

Meaning: Abu Hurairah RA reported: The Prophet (‫ )ﷺ‬said: "Do not fast a day or two before the month of Ramadan, unless the person who is accustomed to fasting a certain fast, then he may fast”. (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 1914)

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HADITH 2: LARANGAN BERPUASA PADA HARI SYAK

َ‫ك‬ َِ ‫عَنََعَمَارََبِنََيَ َِس َِرََر‬ ُّ ‫"منَصامَاليومَال ِذيَيش‬:‫َقال‬،‫ضيََللاََعَنَهَمَا‬ ِ ‫َف قدَعصيَأَبَالق‬،‫فِ ِيه‬ "َ‫اس ِمَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلم‬ Maksudnya: Daripada ‘Ammar bin Yasir RA, beliau telah berkata: “Sesiapa yang berpuasa pada hari syak, sesungguhnya dia telah mengingkari Abu al-Qasim (Rasulullah ‫)ﷺ‬.” (Sunan Abu Daud: no. 2334, Sunan an-Nasa’i: no. 2188)

Meaning: 'Ammar bin Yasir RA reported: “Whoever observes the fast on a doubtful day, has in fact disobeyed Abu al-Qasim (Messenger of Allah (‫)ﷺ‬.” (Sunan Abu Daud: no. 2334, Sunan an-Nasa’i: no. 2188)

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HADITH 3: MASUKNYA RAMADAN DENGAN MELIHAT ANAK BULAN

َ‫َ"َلَتصوموا‬:َ‫بَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلمَقال‬ ِِ ِ‫َع ِنَالن‬،‫ع ِنَاب ِنَعمرََر ِضىَللاَعن هما‬ َ‫َفِإنَأغ ِميَعليكمَفاق ِدرواَله‬،‫َوَلَت ف ِطرواَحَّتَت روه‬،‫حَّتَت رواَاْلِالل‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Ibnu Umar RA, Nabi (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Janganlah kamu berpuasa sebelum kamu melihat anak bulan dan janganlah kamu berbuka sebelum kamu melihatnya (anak bulan). Sekiranya ia dilitupi awan, hendaklah kamu menghitungnya (dengan mencukupkan bilangan hari dalam sebulan)” (Sahih Muslim: no. 1080)

Meaning: Ibn Umar RA reported that Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬said: “Do not fast till you see the new moon, and do not break your fast till you see it (new moon). If the weather is cloudy, calculate about it (to complete number of days in a month).” (Sahih Muslim: no. 1080)

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HADITH 4: PUASA RUKUN ISLAM KELIMA

ِ ‫َقالَرسول‬:َ‫َقال‬،‫َعنَأبِ ِيه‬،َ‫َاَّللَب ِنَعمر‬ ِ ‫عَنََعب ِد‬ َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِه‬ َ‫َوأنَُمم ًدا‬،َ‫َشهاد ِةَأنََلَإِلهَإَِلَاَّلل‬،َ‫َ"ب ِِنَا ِإلسالمَعلىََخس‬:‫وسلم‬

"َ‫َوصوِمَرمضان‬،‫ت‬ َِ ‫َوح ِِجَالب ي‬،‫َوإِيت ِاءَالزك َِاة‬،‫َوإِق ِامَالصالَِة‬،َ‫عبدهَورسوله‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Abdullah bin Umar RA daripada Ayahnya, beliau telah berkata: Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Islam dibina di atas lima [tiang]: Memberi kesaksian bahawa tidak ada Tuhan yang layak untuk disembah melainkan Allah dan bahawa Muhammad adalah Hamba-Nya dan Rasul-Nya, mendirikan solat, mengeluarkan zakat, mengerjakan haji di Baitullah, dan berpuasa di bulan Ramadan” (Sahih Muslim: no. 16)

Meaning: Abdullah bin Umar RA narrated from his father, that the Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬said: “(The superstructure of) al-Islam is raised on five (pillars), testifying (the fact) that there is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is His servant and messenger, and the establishment of prayer, payment of Zakat, performing Hajj (pilgrimage) to Baitullah and the fasting during Ramadan.” (Sahih Muslim: no. 16)

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HADITH 5: MULA BERNIAT PADA MALAM HARI

َ‫بَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلم‬ َِِ ِ‫َع ِنَالن‬،‫عنَحفصةَأِِمَالمؤِمنِْيَر ِضيَاَّللَعن ها‬ ِ ‫َفال‬،‫لصيامَق بلَالفج َِر‬ ِ ‫تَا‬ ِ ِ‫َ"منََلَي بي‬:‫قال‬ "َ‫َصيامَله‬ ِ ِ Maksudnya: Daripada Hafsah Ummul Mukminin RA, Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: "Barangsiapa yang tidak berniat untuk berpuasa pada malam hari sebelum terbit fajar, maka tiada puasa baginya (pada hari tersebut).” (Sunan an-Nasa’i: no. 2330)

Meaning: Hafsah, the mother of the believers’ RA narrated that The Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬said: “Whoever does not intend in the night before dawn, then there is no fast for him (on that day).” (Sunan an-Nasa’i: no. 2330)

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HADITH 6: MALAM PERTAMA BULAN RAMADAN

ِ ‫َقالَرسول‬:َ‫َقال‬،‫عنَأِبَهري رة‬ َ‫َ"إِذاَكانَأول‬:َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلم‬ ِ ‫َص ِِفد ِتَالشي‬،َ‫لي لة َِمنَشه ِرَرمضان‬ َ‫َوغلِِقتَأب واب‬،‫َومردةَاْلِ َِِن‬،َ‫اطْي‬ َ،‫ب‬ ٌَ ‫َف لمَي غلق َِمن هاََب‬،‫َوفتِِحتَأب وابَاْلن َِة‬،‫ب‬ ٌَ ‫ََِف لمَي فتح َِمن هاََب‬،‫النار‬ ِ ِ‫صر!ََو‬ ِ ‫َأق‬،‫َأقبِلَ!َويََب ِغيَالشَ َِر‬،‫َيََب ِغيَاْل َِي‬:َ‫وي ن ِاديَمناد‬ َ‫َّللَعت قاء‬ ِ ‫َوذلِكَكلَلي لة‬،‫ِمنَالنا َِر‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Abu Hurairah RA, beliau telah berkata: Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: "Pada malam pertama bulan Ramadan, syaitan akan dibelenggu, jin-jin akan diikat, pintu-pintu neraka ditutup sehingga tiada pintu di antara mereka akan dibuka, pintu-pintu Syurga dibuka sehingga tiada pintu di antara mereka akan ditutup, dan seorang memanggil: 'Wahai pemburu kebaikan, datanglah ke sini!' dan 'Wahai pemburu kejahatan, berhentilah! Sesungguhnya ada yang Allah bebaskan daripada api Neraka, dan itu berlaku pada setiap malam” (Sunan at-Tirmizi: no. 682)

Meaning: Abu Hurairah RA narrated that: The Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬said: "On the first night of the month of Ramadan, the Satans are shackled and mischievous Jinns are chained up, the gates of the Fires are shut such that no gate among them would be opened. The gates of Paradise are opened such that no gate among them would be closed, and a caller calls: 'O seeker of the good; come near!' and 'O seeker of evil; stop! And Allah has necks (people) whom He frees (from the Fire), and that happens every night.” (Sunan at-Tirmizi: no. 682) 11

HADITH 7: RAMADAN BULAN KEBERKATAN

ِ ‫َقالَرسول‬:َ‫َقال‬،‫عنَأِبَهري رة‬ َ‫َ"أَتكم‬:َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلم‬ ِ ‫َف رضَاَّللَعزَوجلَعليكم‬،‫َشهرَمبارٌَك‬،َ‫رمضان‬ َ‫َت فتحَفِ ِيهَأب واب‬،َ‫َصيامه‬ ٌ ِ َِ،‫ْي‬ ِ ‫َوت غ َُّلَفِ ِيهَمردةَالشي‬،‫َوت غلقَفِ ِيهَأب وابَاْل ِحي َِم‬،‫اء‬ ٌَ‫َّللَفِ ِيهَلي لة‬ َِ ‫اط‬ َِ ‫السم‬ ِ ‫خي َِمنَأل‬ "َ‫ََمنَح ِرمَخيهاَف قدَح ِرم‬،‫فَشهر‬ ٌ Maksudnya: Daripada Abu Hurairah RA, beliau telah berkata: Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Telah datang kepadamu Ramadan, bulan yang penuh keberkatan, Allah telah memerintahkan untuk berpuasa padanya, dibuka padanya pintu-pintu langit, ditutup padanya pintu-pintu neraka, dirantai padanya syaitan-syaitan. Demi Allah, di dalamnya terdapat satu malam yang lebih baik daripada seribu bulan; barangsiapa yang tidak memperoleh kebaikan daripadanya, maka sesungguhnya dia tidak memperoleh kebaikan.” (Sunan an-Nasa’i: no. 2106)

Meaning: Abu Hurairah RA narrated that: The Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬said: “There has come to you Ramadan, a blessed month, which Allah has enjoined you to fast. In it the gates of heavens are opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and every Satan is chained up. In the name of Allah in it has a night which is better than a thousand months; whoever is deprived of its goodness is indeed deprived.” (Sunan an-Nasa’i: no. 2106)

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HADITH 8: RAMADAN BULAN PENGHAPUSAN DOSA

َ،َ‫اتَاْلَمَس‬ َِ ‫"الصَلََو‬:‫َعَ َِنَالنَِبَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلمََقال‬،‫عنَأِبَهري رة‬ ََ‫اتَمَاَبَيَنَهَنَََإِذَاَاجَتَنَب‬ ٌَ ‫َمَكَ َِِفَر‬،َ‫َوَرمَضَانَََإِلَ ََرمَضَان‬، َ ‫َواْلَمَعَةَََإِلََاْلَمَعَ َِة‬ "‫الَكَبَ َائِر‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Abu Hurairah RA, bahawa Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: "Solat lima waktu, dari hari Jumaat ke jumaat (berikutnya) dan Ramadhan ke Ramadhan (berikutnya) akan menghapuskan (dosa-dosa) di antara tempoh tersebut selagi mana menjauhi dosa-dosa besar.” (Sahih Muslim: no. 233)

Meaning: Abu Hurairah RA reported: The Prophet (‫ )ﷺ‬said: "The five (daily) prayers, and from one Friday (prayer) to the next Friday (prayer), and from Ramadan to the next Ramadan, will eliminate the sins committed between those periods, as long as major sins are avoided.” (Sahih Muslim: no. 233)

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HADITH 9: KEBERKATAN PADA SAHUR

ِ ِ َ:َ‫بَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلم‬ ُّ ِ‫َقالَالن‬:َ‫َقال‬،‫عَنََأنسَب َِنَمالكَرضيَللاَعنه‬ "ً‫َفِإن َِِفَالسحوِرَب رك َة‬،‫َ"تسحروا‬

Maksudnya: Daripada Anas bin Malik RA, beliau telah berkata: Nabi (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: "Bersahurlah, kerana pada perbuatan sahur terdapatnya keberkatan.” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 1923, Sahih Muslim: no. 1095)

Meaning: Anas bin Malik RA narrated: The Prophet (‫ )ﷺ‬said: "Take Sahur because there is a blessing in it.” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 1923, Sahih Muslim: no. 1095)

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HADITH 10: KEBAIKAN SAHUR DENGAN TAMAR

َ‫َ"نِعمَسحورَالمؤِم ِن‬:َ‫بَصلىَللاَعليهَوسلمَقال‬ ِِ ِ‫َع ِنَالن‬،‫عنَأِبَهري رة‬ َ"َ‫التمر‬

Maksudnya: Daripada Abu Hurairah RA, Nabi (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Sebaik-baik makanan sahur bagi orang mukmin adalah buah tamar.” (Sunan Abu Daud: no. 2345)

Meaning: Narrated Abu Hurairah RA: The Prophet (‫ )ﷺ‬as saying: “The best believers’ meal shortly before dawn is the dates.” (Sunan Abu Daud: no. 2345)

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HADITH 11: TEMPOH HABIS WAKTU SAHUR

َ‫بَصلى‬ ِِ ِ‫َ"تسحرَنَمعَالن‬:َ‫َقال‬،َ‫َعنَزي ِدَب ِنََثبِتَر ِضيَللاَعنه‬،َ‫عنَأنس‬ َ‫َ"كمَكانَبْيَاألذ ِان‬:َ‫َق لت‬."‫َُثَقامَإِلَالصالَِة‬،َ‫للاَعلي ِهَوسلم‬ "ً‫َ"قدرََخ ِسْيَآي َة‬:َ‫والسحوَِر؟"َقال‬

Maksudnya: Daripada Anas, Zaid bin Thabit telah berkata: “Kami telah bersahur bersama Nabi (‫)ﷺ‬, kemudian kami mendirikan solat.” Aku (Anas) telah betanya: “Berapakah kadar (masa) di antara azan dan sahur tersebut?”. Dia (Zaid) menjawab: bin: “Kadar bacaan 50 ayat (al-Quran).” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 1921)

Meaning: Narrated Anas: Zaid bin Thabit said: “We took the Suhur with the Prophet (‫)ﷺ‬. Then he stood for the prayer.” I (Anas) asked: “What was the interval between the Suhur and the Adhan?” He (Zaid) replied: “The interval was sufficient to recite fifty verses of the Qur'an.” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 1921)

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HADITH 12: PERBEZAAN PUASA ORANG ISLAM DAN AHLI KITAB

ِ ‫َأنَرسول‬،‫اص‬ ِ ‫عنَعمَروَب ِنَالع‬ َ‫َ"فصلَما‬:َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلمََقال‬ ِ ‫بْي‬ ِ ‫َصي ِامناَو ِصي ِامَأه ِلَال ِكت‬ "‫ابَأكلةَالسح َِر‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Amru bin al-'As, sesungguhnya Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Perbezaan antara puasa kita (orang Islam) dan puasa ahli kitab adalah makan sebelum masuknya waktu subuh (sahur).” (Sahih Muslim: no. 1096, Jami’ at-Tirmizi: no. 709)

Meaning: 'Amru bin al-'As reported that Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬as saying: “The difference between fasting of Muslims and fasting of ahl al-kitab is eating shortly before dawn (sahur).” (Sahih Muslim: no. 1096, Jami’ at-Tirmizi: no. 709)

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HADITH 13: DISUNATKAN MENYEGERAKAN BERBUKA

ِ ‫َأنَرسول‬،‫عنَسه ِلَب ِنَسعد‬ َ‫َ"َلَي زال‬:َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلمََقال‬ "َ‫الناس َِِبيَماَعجلواَال ِفطر‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Sahl bin Saad RA, Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Seseorang itu sentiasa berada di dalam kebaikan selagi mereka selalu menyegerakan berbuka puasa.” (Sahih Muslim: no. 1957)

Meaning: Sahl bin Sa`d RA narrated: Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬said: “One is always in goodness as long as they always hasten to break the fast.” (Sahih Muslim: no. 1957)

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HADITH 14: DOA RASULULLAH KETIKA BERBUKA

ِ ‫ََكانَرسول‬:َ‫َقالَابنَعمر‬:َ‫َقال‬،‫عنَمروانََابنَس ِاَلَالمقفع‬ َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللا‬ ِ ‫َواب ت ل‬،‫َ"ذهبَالظمأ‬:َ‫علي ِهَوسلمََإِذاَأفطرََقال‬ َ،‫َوث بتَاألجر‬،‫تَالعروق‬ َ"‫إِنَشاءَاَّلل‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Marwan ibn Salim al-Muqaffa', beliau telah berkata: Ibnu Umar telah berkata: Jika Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬berbuka puasa, Baginda akan membaca: “Zahabaz zoma-u, wab tallatil uruq, wa thabatal ajru, insyaAllah” (Telah hilanglah dahaga, urat-urat telah basah, dan telah tetapnya pahala, insyaAllah).” (Sunan Abu Daud: no. 2357)

Meaning: Marwan ibn Salim al-Muqaffa' narrated: Ibn Umar said: “The Prophet (‫)ﷺ‬ said when he broke his fast: “Zahabaz zoma-u, wab tallatil uruq, wa thabatal ajru, insyaAllah” (Thirst has gone, the arteries are moist, and the reward is sure, if Allah wills).” (Sunan Abu Daud: no. 2357)

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HADITH 15: BERBUKALAH DENGAN BUAH TAMAR

َ‫َ"إِذاَأفطر‬:َ‫َع َِنَالنِبَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلمََقال‬،‫عنََسلمانَب ِنَع ِامر‬ ِ ‫َفِإنََل‬،ٌ‫َفِإنهَب ركة‬،‫َف لي ف ِطرَعلىََتر‬،‫أحدكم‬ ٌََ"‫َفِإنهَطهور‬،‫َفالماء‬،‫ََيدََتًرا‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Salman bin ‘Amir, Nabi (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Jika seseorang daripada kamu berbuka puasa, maka berbukalah dengan buah tamar (kurma kering) kerana padanya ada keberkatan. Jika tidak terdapat buah tamar, maka berbukalah dengan air kerana ia menyucikan.” (Jami’ at-Tirmizi: no. 658)

Meaning: Salman bin ‘Amir narrated that: The Prophet (‫ )ﷺ‬said: “When one of you breaks his fast, then let him do so with dried dates, for they are blessed. Whoever does not find dates, then water, for it is purifying.” (Jami’ at-Tirmizi: no. 658)

20

HADITH 16: PAHALA MEMBERI MAKAN

ِ ‫َقالَرسول‬:‫َقال‬،‫عنَزي ِدَب ِنَخالِدَاْله ِِِن‬ َ:‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلم‬ ِ َ‫ََكانَله َِمثلَأج ِرِهَغيَأنهََلَي ن قص َِمنَأج ِرَالصائِِم‬،‫َ"منَفطرَصائِ ًما‬ "‫شي ئًا‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Zaid bin Khalid al-Juhaniy, beliau telah berkata: Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Sesiapa yang memberi makan orang yang berbuka puasa, maka dia akan memperolehi pahala seperti pahala orang yang berpuasa tersebut tanpa mengurangkan sedikit pun daripadanya” (Jami’ at-Tirmizi: no. 807) Meaning: Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhani narrated that: The Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬said: "Whoever provides the food for a fasting person to break his fast with, then for him is the same reward as his (the fasting person's), without anything being diminished from the reward of the fasting person." (Jami’ at-Tirmizi: no. 807)

21

HADITH 17: DUA KEGEMBIRAAN ORANG YANG BERPUASA

ِ ‫َقالَرسول‬:َ‫َقال‬،َ‫عنَأِبَهري رةََر ِضيَللاَعنه‬ َ‫ََ"ََك ُّلَعم ِل‬:َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلم‬ ِ ‫اب ِنَآدمَيضاعفَاْلسنةَعشرَأمث ِاْلاَإِلَسبعِ ِمائ ِة‬ َ‫َإَِل‬:َ‫َقالَاَّللَعزَوجل‬،َ‫َضعف‬

ٌَ‫َف رحة‬،‫ان‬ َِ ‫ََلِلصائِِمَف رحت‬،‫َيدعَشهوتهَوطعامه َِمنَأجلِي‬،‫َوأَنَأج ِزيَبَِِه‬،‫َل‬ َ ِ ‫َفِإنه‬،َ‫الصوم‬ ِ ‫َعند‬ ِ ‫َوْللوفَفِ ِيهَأطيب‬،‫َعندَلِق ِاءَربَِِه‬ ِ ٌ‫َوف رحة‬،‫ِعندَفِط ِرَِه‬ "‫ك‬ َِ ‫يحَال ِمس‬ ِ ‫َاَّلل َِمنَ ِر‬ ِ Maksudnya: Daripada Abu Hurairah RA, beliau telah berkata: Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Amalan baik setiap anak Adam digandakan sebanyak sepuluh kali ganda sehingga tujuh ratus kali ganda." Allah ‘Azza wa Jalla berfirman: “Kecuali puasa, kerana puasa adalah hak Aku dan Aku akan memberikan ganjaran baginya, dia menahan nafsu syahwatnya dan makan minumnya kerana Aku. Bagi orang yang berpuasa ada dua kegembiraan, iaitu kegembiraan ketika berbuka puasa dan kegembiraan ketika bertemu dengan tuhannya dan bau mulut orang yang berpuasa adalah lebih wangi di sisi Allah daripada bau kasturi” (Sunan an-Nasa’i: no. 2215) Meaning: Abu Huraira RA reported Allah's Messenger (‫ )ﷺ‬as saying: “Every (good) deed of the son of Adam would be multiplied, a good deed receiving a tenfold to seven hundredfold reward.” Allah, the Exalted and Majestic, has said: “With the exception of fasting, for it is done for Me and I will give a reward for it, for one abandons his passion and food for My sake. There are two occasions of joy for one who fasts, joy when he breaks it, and joy when he meets his Lord, and the breath (of an observer of fast) is sweeter to Allah than the fragrance of musk.” (Sunan an-Nasa’i: no. 2215)

22

HADITH 18: TERAWIH BUKAN SUATU KEWAJIPAN

ِ ‫َأنَرسول‬،‫عنَعائِشة‬ ِ ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلمَصل‬ َ‫َفصلى‬،َ‫ىَِفَالمس ِج ِدَذاتَلي لة‬ ِ ‫َُثَاجتمعو‬،َ‫َفكث رَالناس‬،‫ىَمنَالقابِل َِة‬ ِ ‫َُثَصل‬،‫س‬ َ،‫اَمنَاللي ل ِةَالثالِث ِةَأ ِوَالرابِع َِة‬ ٌَ ‫بِصالتِِهََن‬ ِ ‫ف لمََيرجَإِلي ِهمَرسول‬ َ‫َ"قدَرأيتَال ِذي‬:َ‫َقال‬،َ‫َف لماَأصبح‬،‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلم‬ "َ‫َإَِلَأِِّنَخ ِشيتَأنَت فرضَعليكم‬،َ‫وجَإِليكم‬ ِ ‫َف لمََين ع ِِن َِمنَاْلر‬،َ‫صن عتم‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Aisyah RA, Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah menunaikan solat pada suatu malam di masjid. Maka beberapa orang turut menunaikan solat bersama Baginda, kemudian datang satu Kabilah juga turut solat bersama Baginda. Maka, bilangan orang yang solat bersama Baginda menjadi semakin bertambah. Kemudian, orang ramai mula berkumpul pada malam ketiga atau keempat selepas itu, tetapi Rasulullah SAW tidak keluar (untuk solat) bersama mereka. Apabila tiba waktu Subuh, Baginda bersabda: “Sesungguhnya aku melihat apa yang telah kamu lakukan, maka apa yang menegah aku dari keluar ialah aku bimbang sekiranya perkara ini difardukan ke atas kamu.” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 1129, Sahih Muslim: no. 761)

Meaning: Aishah RA reported that the Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬prayed one night in the mosque and people also prayed along with him. He then prayed on the following night and there were many persons. Then on the third or fourth night (many people) gathered there, but the Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬did not come out to them (for leading the Tarawih prayer). When it was morning he said: “I saw what you were doing, but I desisted to come to you (and lead the prayer) for I feared that this prayer might become obligatory for you.” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 1129, Sahih Muslim: no. 761) 23

HADITH 19: PUASA DALAM PERMUSAFIRAN

ََ‫َأَ َِجد‬،‫للا‬ َِ ََ‫َيَ ََرسَول‬:َ‫َأَنَهََقَال‬،َ‫عنََحزةَب ِنَعمروَاألسل ِم َِِيَر ِضيَللاََعنه‬ َ‫للاَصلى‬ َِ ََ‫َفَقَالَََرسَول‬،‫اح؟‬ ٌَ َ‫َفَهَلََعَلَيَجَن‬،‫ِفَالسَفَ َِر‬ َ َِ‫ىَالصيَ َِام‬ َِِ َ‫بَقََوًةَعَل‬ َِ َ‫َومَنََأَحَب‬، َ ‫َفَمَنََأَخَذََ َِباَفَحَسَ ٌَن‬،‫للا‬ َِ ََ‫َ" َِهيَََرخَصَ َةٌَ َِمن‬:َ‫للاَعلي ِهَوسلم‬ "‫أَنََيَصَومََفَالََجَنَاحََعَلَيَ َِه‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Hamzah bin Amru Al-Aslami RA, sesungguhnya dia telah bertanya: “Ya Rasulullah, saya mendapati bagiku kekuatan untuk berpuasa ketika bermusafir; adakah dosa ke atas saya (untuk meneruskan puasa)?” Maka Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬pun bersabda: “Ini adalah keringanan daripada Allah. Maka sesiapa yang mengambil keringanan, maka itu baik baginya, dan sesiapa yang lebih suka berpuasa, tidak ada dosa baginya. “ (Sahih Muslim: 1121, Sunan an-Nasa’i: no. 2303)

Meaning: Hamzah bin ‘Amru Al-Aslami RA narrated: I ask to the Messenger of Allah (‫)ﷺ‬: “O Messenger of Allah, I find strength in me for fasting on a journey; is there any sin upon me (in doing it)?” Thereupon the Messenger of Allah (‫ ) ﷺ‬said: “It is a concession from Allah. So, whoever takes advantage of it, it is good for him, and whoever prefers to fast, there is no sin for him.” (Sahih Muslim: 1121, Sunan an-Nasa’i: no. 2303)

24

HADITH 20: MUNTAH KETIKA PUASA

ِ ‫َقالَرسول‬:َ‫َقال‬،‫عنَأِبَهري رة‬ ٌَ‫َ"منَذرعهَقىء‬:‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعليهَوسلم‬ "‫ض‬ َِ ‫َوإِ ِنَاست قاءَف لي ق‬،ٌ‫َف ليسَعلي ِهَقضاء‬،‫وهوَصائِ ٌم‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Abu Hurairah RA, beliau telah berkata: Rasulullah (‫ ) ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Sesiapa yang muntah ketika berpuasa tanpa disengajakan, maka dia tidak wajib mengqadha’kan puasanya, dan jika dia sengaja untuk muntah, maka dia hendaklah mengqadha’kan puasanya.” (Sunan Abu Daud: no. 2830) Meaning: Abu Huraira RA narrated that: The Prophet (‫ ) ﷺ‬said: “If one has a sudden attack of vomiting while one is fasting, no atonement is required of him, but if he vomits intentionally, he must make atonement.” (Sunan Abu Daud: no. 2830)

25

HADITH 21: SYURGA AR-RAYYAN UNTUK ORANG YANG BERPUASA

ِ ‫َقالَرسول‬:َ‫َقال‬،َ‫عنَسه ِلَب ِنَسعدََر ِضيَللاََعنه‬ َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِه‬ َ‫َيدخل َِمنهَالصائِمونَي وم‬،َ‫َ"إِن َِِفَاْلن ِةََب ًَبَي قالَلهَالرين‬:َ‫وسلم‬ َ‫َأينَالصائِمونَ؟َف يدخلون‬:َ‫ي قال‬،َ‫ََلَيدخلَمعهمَأح ٌدَغيهم‬،‫ال ِقيام َِة‬ ِ ‫َفِإذاَدخل‬،َ‫ِمنه‬ "‫َف لمَيدخل َِمنهَأح ٌَد‬،َ‫َأغلِق‬،َ‫َآخرهم‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Sahl bin Saad RA, beliau telah berkata: Rasulullah (‫ ) ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Sesungguhnya di Syurga terdapat sebuah pintu yang dipanggil ArRayyan. Orang yang berpuasa akan memasukinya pada hari Kiamat. Tidak akan ada orang lain yang dapat masuk bersama mereka. Dikatakan kepada mereka: Di manakah orang-orang yang berpuasa? Maka mereka masuk ke dalamnya. Dan apabila orang yang terakhir dikalangan mereka masuk ke dalamnya, ia akan ditutup dan tidak ada orang lain lagi yang akan dapat memasukinya.” (Sahih Muslim: no. 1152)

Meaning: Sahl bin Saad RA reported Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬as saying: “In Paradise there is a gate which is called Rayyan through which only the people who fast would enter on the Day on Resurrection. None else will enter along with them. It said: Where are the people who fast? So, they went into it and when the last of them would enter, it would be closed and no one would enter it.” (Sahih Muslim: no. 1152)

26

HADITH 22: TIGA GOLONGAN DIMAKBULKAN DOA

ِ ‫َقالَرسول‬:َ‫َقال‬،‫عنَأِبَهري رة‬ َ‫َ"ثالثةٌََلَت رُّد‬:َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلم‬ "‫وم‬ َِ ‫َودعوةَالمظل‬،َ‫َوالصائِمَحَّتَي ف ِطر‬،َ‫َا ِإلمامَالع ِادل‬:َ‫دعوُتم‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Abu Hurairah RA, beliau telah berkata: Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Tiga golongan yang doanya tidak tertolak (makbul): Pemimpin yang adil, orang yang berpuasa sehingga dia berbuka, dan doa orang yang dizalimi” (Sunan Ibn Majah: no. 1752)

Meaning: Abu Huraira RA reported Allah's Messenger (‫ )ﷺ‬said: "Three groups of their prayers will not be rejected: the just Imam, the person who fasts until he breaks his fast and the prayer of the oppressed". (Sunan Ibn Majah: no. 1752)

27

HADITH 23: KEMURAHAN RASULULLAH DALAM BULAN RAMADAN

ِ ََ‫بَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلم‬ ُّ ِ‫ََكانَالن‬:َ‫َقال‬،‫ع ِنَاب ِنَعباسََرضيَللاََعن هَما‬ ِ ‫َحْيَي لقاه‬، ِ ‫َوأجودَماَيكون َِِفَرمضان‬،‫اس‬ ِ ‫أجودَالن‬ َ‫َوكان‬،‫َج ِْبيل‬ َ،‫َف يدا ِرسهَالقرآن‬،‫ِج ِْبيلَعلي ِهَالسالمَي لقاه َِِفَك ِِلَلي لة َِمنَرمضان‬ ِ ‫ف لرسول‬ ِ ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلمََأجود‬ ِ ‫ََبْل ِي َِمن‬ ‫يحَالمرسل َِة‬ َ ِ ‫َالر‬ ِ

Maksudnya: Daripada Ibn ‘Abbas RA, beliau telah berkata: “Sesungguhnya Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬adalah orang yang paling pemurah, dan Baginda menjadi lebih pemurah pada bulan Ramadan, ketika (bulan Ramadan) Jibril bertemu dengannya dan sesungguhnya Jibril selalu menemuinya pada setiap malam pada bulan Ramadan dan belajar Al-Quran dengannya. Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬lebih pemurah (cepat melakukan kebaikan) daripada angin yang bertiup." (Sahih al-Bukhari: 3554, Sahih Muslim: 2308)

Meaning: Ibn 'Abbas RA said: “The Prophet (‫ )ﷺ‬was the most generous of all the people, and he used to become more generous in Ramadan when Gabriel met him. Gabriel used to meet him every night during Ramadan to revise the Qur'an with him. Allah's Messenger (‫ )ﷺ‬then used to be more generous than the fast wind.” (Sahih al-Bukhari: 3554, Sahih Muslim: 2308)

28

HADITH 24: PUASA ITU SUATU PERISAI

ِ ‫َأنَرسول‬،َ‫عنَأِبَهري رةَر ِضيَللاََعنه‬ َ:َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلمََقال‬ ِ ‫"ا‬ َ‫َفِإن‬،‫َفالَي رفثَوَلَيصخب‬،‫َوإِذاَكانَي ومَصوِمَأح ِدكم‬،ٌ‫لصيامَجنة‬ ِ "‫َإِِِّنَامرٌؤَصائِ ٌَم‬:َ‫َف لي قل‬،َ‫سابهَأح ٌدَأوَقات له‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Abu Hurairah RA, sesungguhnya Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Puasa itu adalah perisai, jika suatu hari salah seorang di antara kalian dalam keadaan berpuasa, maka hendaknya dia tidak berkata kotor dan meninggikan suara. Jika seseorang mencela dan ingin bergaduh dengannya, hendaknya dia mengatakan: Sesungguhnya aku sedang berpuasa.” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 1904, Sahih Muslim: 1151)

Meaning: Abu Hurairah RA reported that the Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬said: “Fasting is a shield. When any one of you is fasting on a day, he should neither indulge in obscene language, nor raise the voice; or if anyone reviles him or tries to quarrel with him he should say: I am fasting.” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 1904, Sahih Muslim: 1151)

29

HADITH 25: PAHALA PUASA YANG TIDAK DITERIMA OLEH ALLAH

َ‫َالزوِر‬ َِِ ِ‫َع ِنَالن‬،‫عنَأِبَهري رة‬ ُّ ‫َ"منََلَيدعَق ول‬:َ‫بَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلمََقال‬ ِ ِ ‫َف ليس‬،َ‫والعملَبِِهَواْلهل‬ "َ‫ََّللَحاجةٌَأنَيدعَطعامهَوشرابه‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Abu Hurairah RA, daripada Nabi (‫)ﷺ‬, beliau telah bersabda: “Barangsiapa yang tidak meninggalkan ucapan dusta dan beramal dengannya dan dan tidak meninggalkan perkara yang bodoh, maka Allah tidak berhajat ke atas perbuatannya yang meninggalkan makan dan juga minum (iaitu berpuasa)." (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 6057)

Meaning: Abu Hurairah RA narrated: The Prophet (‫ )ﷺ‬said: “Whoever does not abandon false speech and practice with it and does not abandon foolishness, then Allah does not intend for his deeds to abandon eating and drinking (fasting).” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 6057)

30

HADITH 26: KELEBIHAN SOLAT MALAM DI BULAN RAMADAN

َ‫"إِنهَمن‬:َ‫َقال‬،‫َاَّلل!َلوَن فلت ناَب ِقيةَلي لتِناَه ِذَِه‬ َِ ‫َيَرسول‬:َ‫ ق لت‬،‫عنَأِبَذ ِر‬ َ"َ‫َكتبَاَّللَلهَقِيامَلي لة‬،َ َ‫قامَمعَا ِإلم ِامَحَّتَي نص ِرف‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Abu Zar, saya bertanya: Wahai Rasulullah! Bagaimana jika kita menghabiskan baki malam kita dengan mengerjakan solat sunat? Baginda bersabda: “Sesungguhnya sesiapa yang mengerjakan solat malam bersama imam sehingga imam selesai menunaikannya, Allah akan menulis baginya (pahala) seperti menghidupkan seluruh malam” (Jami’ at-Tirmizi: 806, Sunan an-Nasa’i: 1605) Meaning: Narrated by Abu Dzar: I said: “O Messenger of Allah! What if we spend the rest of this night praying Nafl?”, He said: “Whoever prays Qiyam with the Imam until he finishes, Allah (SWT) will record for him the Qiyam of a (whole) night.” (Jami’ at-Tirmizi: 806, Sunan an-Nasa’i: 1605)

31

HADITH 27: MENGHIDUPKAN MALAM DI BULAN RAMADAN

ِ ‫َأنَرسول‬،‫عنَأِبَهري رة‬ َ‫َ"منَقامَرمضان‬:َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعليهَوسلمَقال‬ َ"‫َغ ِفرَلهَماَت قدم َِمنَذنبَِِه‬،‫اَب‬ ًَ ‫اَنَواحتِس‬ ً ‫إَِي‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Abu Hurairah RA, sesungguhnya Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Sesiapa yang menghidupkan malam di bulan Ramadan dengan penuh keimanan dan mengharapkan ganjaran (daripada Allah), dia akan diampunkan dosa-dosanya yang telah lalu.” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 37, Sahih Muslim: no. 759) Meaning: Abu Hurairah RA reported Allah's Messenger (‫ )ﷺ‬as saying: “He who observed prayer at night during Ramadan, because of faith and seeking his reward from Allah, his previous sins would be forgiven” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 37, Sahih Muslim: no. 759)

32

HADITH 28: KERUGIAN BAGI ORANG BERPUASA DAN QIAMULLAIL

ِ ‫َقالَرسول‬:َ‫َقال‬،‫عنَأِبَهري رة‬ َ‫َ"ربَصائِم‬:َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلم‬ ِ ‫ليسَله َِمن‬ "َ‫َوربَقائِمَليسَله َِمنَقِي ِام ِهَإَِلَالسهر‬،‫َصي ِام ِهَإَِلَاْلوع‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Abu Hurairah RA, beliau telah berkata: Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Boleh jadi orang yang berpuasa tidak mendapat apa-apa daripada puasanya melainkan lapar, dan boleh jadi orang yang berqiyam tidak mendapat apa-apa daripada qiyamnya melainkan hanya berjaga malam”. (Sunan Ibn Majah: no. 53)

Meaning: Abu Hurairah RA narrated that the Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬said: “It may be that the person who fasts does not get anything from his fast except hunger, and it may be that the person who was qiyam does not get anything from his qiyam except just stay up at night.” (Sunan Ibn Majah: no. 53)

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HADITH 29: KEWAJIPAN QADA’ PUASA BAGI PEREMPUAN

ِ ‫ول‬ ِ ‫َقالتَكن‬،‫عنَعائِشة‬ ِ ‫اََنيضَعلىَعه ِدَرس‬ َ،‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعليهَوسلم‬ ِ ‫َف يأمرَنَبِقض ِاء‬،‫ُثَنطهر‬ َ‫َوَلََيمرَنَبِقض ِاءَالصال ِة‬،‫َالصي ِام‬ ِ Maksudnya: Daripada ‘Aisyah RA, beliau telah berkata: “Sesungguhnya kami telah telah didatangi haid pada zaman Rasulullah (‫)ﷺ‬, kemudian kami telah suci daripada haid, maka Baginda memerintahkan kami untuk menqadha’ puasa (yang ditinggalkan kerana haid), tetapi tidak memerintahkan kami untuk menqadha’ solat (yang telah ditinggalkan pada waktu keluarnya haid)”. (Jami’ at-Tirmizi: no. 787, Sunan an-Nasaie: no.2318)

Meaning: Aishah RA narrated: “We would menstruate during the time of the Messenger of Allah (‫)ﷺ‬, then when we became pure, we were ordered to make up the fasts but we were not ordered to make up the salat.” (Jami’ at-Tirmizi: no. 787, Sunan an-Nasaie: no.2318)

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HADITH 30: TERUS MANDI DAN BERPUASA

ِ ‫َأنَرسول‬،َ‫عنَعائِشةََوأمَسلمة‬ َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلمََكانَيد ِركه‬ َ‫َُثَي غت ِسلَويصوم‬،‫ب َِمنَأهلِ ِه‬ ٌ ‫الفجرَوهوَجن‬ Maksudnya: Daripada 'Aishah dan Ummu Salamah RA: “Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬bangun pada waktu Fajar dalam keadaan berjunub dengan isterinya, kemudian Baginda mandi wajib dan berpuasa.” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 1925, Jami’ At-Tirmizi: 779)

Meaning: 'Aishah and Ummu Salamah RA reported: “The Messenger of Allah (‫)ﷺ‬ wake up at Fajr time in a state of Janabah with his wife; so, he would take bath and fasting.” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 1925, Jami’ At-Tirmizi: 779)

35

HADITH 31: MAKAN DAN MINUM TANPA SENGAJA

َ‫َ"إِذا‬:َ‫بَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلمََقال‬ ِِ ِ‫ََِع ِنَالن‬،َ‫عنَأِبَهري رةََر ِضيَللاَعنه‬ "َ‫َفِإَّناَأطعمهَاَّللَوسقاه‬،‫ََِف ليتِمَصومه‬،َ‫ن ِسيَفأكلَوش ِرب‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Abu Hurairah RA, Nabi (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Jika kami terlupa, kemudian kamu makan dan minum, maka hendaklah disempurnakan puasanya. Sesungguhnya Allah telah memberi dia makan dan juga minum (sebagai hadiah).” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 1933) Meaning: Abu Hurairah RA reported: The Prophet (‫ )ﷺ‬said: “If somebody eats or drinks forgetfully, then he should complete his fast, for what he has eaten or drunk, has been given to him by Allah.” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 1933)

36

HADITH 32: BERPUASA KERANA ALLAH

َ‫َ"من‬:َ‫بَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلمَقال‬ ِِ ِ‫َع ِنَالن‬،‫عنَأِبَهري رةَر ِضيَللاَعنه‬ َ‫َومنَقامَلي لة‬،‫َغ ِفرَلهَماَت قدم َِمنَذنبِ ِه‬،‫اَنَواحتِس ًاَب‬ ً ‫صامَرمضانَإَِي‬ "‫َغ ِفرَلهَماَت قدم َِمنَذنبَِِه‬،‫اَنَواحتِس ًاَب‬ ً ‫القد ِرَإَِي‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Abu Hurairah RA, Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Sesiapa yang berpuasa pada bulan Ramadan kerana keimanan dan mengharapkan keredaan (daripada Allah,) maka diampunkan dosa-dosanya yang telah lalu dan sesiapa yang menghidupkan malam Lailatul Qadr kerana keimanan dan mengharapkan keredaan (daripada Allah), maka diampunkan dosa-dosanya yang telah lalu.” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 2014, Sahih Muslim: no. 760)

Meaning: Abu Hurairah RA narrated: Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬said: “Whoever observed the fasts of Ramadan with faith and seeking reward (from Allah), all his previous sins would be forgiven, and he who observed prayer on the night of Qadr with faith and seeking reward (from Allah), all his previous sins would be forgiven.” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 2014, Sahih Muslim: no. 760)

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HADITH 33: RASULULLAH PADA SEPULUH MALAM TERAKHIR

ِ ‫َ"كانَرسول‬:َ‫َقالت‬،‫عنَعائِشة‬ َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلمَََيت ِهد َِِفَالعش ِر‬ ِ ‫األو‬ َ"‫اخ ِرََماََلََيت ِهد َِِفَغ ِيها‬ Maksudnya: Daripada ‘Aisyah RA, beliau telah berkata: “Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬berusaha sedaya upaya pada malam sepuluh akhir Ramadhan melebihi usahanya daripada malam-malam yang lain”. (Sahih Muslim: no. 1175, Jami’ at-Tirmizi: no. 796)

Meaning: 'Aisha RA reported that: “Allah's Messenger (‫ )ﷺ‬used to exert himself in devotion during the last ten nights to a greater extent than at any other time.” (Sahih Muslim: no. 1175, Jami’ at-Tirmizi: no. 796)

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HADITH 34: RASULULLAH MENGHIDUPKAN SEPULUH MALAM TERAKHIR

ِ ِ َ‫بَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلمََإِذا‬ ُّ ِ‫َ"كانَالن‬:َ‫َقالت‬،‫عنَعائشةََرضيَللاَعن هَا‬ "َ‫َوأي قظَأهله‬،‫َوأحياَلي له‬،‫دخلَالعشرَشد َِمئ زره‬ Maksudnya: Daripada ‘Aisyah RA, beliau telah berkata: “Jika memasuki sepuluh malam terakhir Ramadan, Nabi (‫ )ﷺ‬akan mengetatkan kain Baginda, menghidupkan malam-malamnya dan mengejutkan ahli keluarga Baginda (untuk menghidupkan malam)” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 2024)

Meaning: ‘Aisha RA reported Allah's Messenger (‫ )ﷺ‬said: “With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, the Prophet (‫ )ﷺ‬used to tighten his waist belt and used to pray all the night, and used to keep his family awake for the prayers.” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 2024)

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HADITH 35: RASULULLAH IKTIFAF PADA SEPULUH MALAM TERAKHIR

ِ ‫ََكانَرسول‬:َ‫َقالت‬،‫عنَعائِشة‬ َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلمَََيا ِور َِِفَالعش ِر‬ ِ ‫"َترواَلي لةَالقد ِر َِِفَالعش ِرَاألو‬:َ‫َوي قول‬،‫اخ ِر َِمنَرمضان‬ ِ ‫األو‬ َ‫اخ ِر َِمن‬ َ"َ‫رمضان‬ Maksudnya: Daripada ‘Aisyah RA, beliau telah berkata: Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬melakukan iktikaf pada 10 malam terkakhir daripada bulan Ramadan dan bersabda: “Carilah Lailatul Qadar pada sepuluh hari yang terakhir daripada bulan Ramadan” (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 2020, Sahih Muslim: no. 1169)

Meaning: 'Aishah RA reported: Allah's Messenger (‫ )ﷺ‬used to practice I`tikaf in the last ten nights of Ramadan and used to say: "Look for the Night of Qadr in the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan." (Sahih al-Bukhari: no. 2020, Sahih Muslim: no. 1169)

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Hadith 36: Amalan Iktikaf diteruskan Selepas Kewafatan Rasulullah

َ‫َ"أنَالنِبَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلمََكانَي عت ِكف‬:‫عنَعائِشةََر ِضيَللاَعن ها‬ ِ ‫العشرَاألو‬ َ‫َُثَاعتكفَأزواجه‬،َ‫اخر َِمنَرمضانَحَّتَت وفاهَاَّللَعزَوجل‬ "‫ِمنَب ع ِدَِه‬

Maksudnya: Daripada ‘Aisyah RA: "Adalah Nabi (‫ )ﷺ‬beriktikaf pada sepuluh hari terakhir bulan Ramadan sehinggalah Allah mewafatkan Baginda. Kemudian para isteri Baginda meneruskan amalan beriktikaf selepas kewafatan Baginda.” (Sahih Muslim: no. 1172) Meaning: ‘Aisha RA reported that: “The Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬used to observe I’tikaf in the last ten days of Ramadan till Allah called him back (to his heavenly home). Then his wives observed i'tikaf after him.” (Sahih Muslim: no. 1172)

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HADITH 37: DOA DIPERTEMUKAN MALAM LAILATULQADAR

َ‫َما‬،‫َاَّلل!َأرأيتَإِنَواف قتَلي لةَالقد ِر‬ َِ ‫َيَرسول‬:َ‫َأَّناَقالت‬،‫عنَعائِشة‬ ِ ‫َ"ت قولِْيَاللهمَإِنكَعف ٌّو‬:َ‫أدعو؟َقال‬ "َ‫بَالعفوَفاعفَع ِِِن‬ ُّ ‫ََت‬ Maksudnya: Daripada ‘Aisyah RA: “Wahai Rasulullah, apakah doa yang patut saya baca sekiranya saya bertemu dengan Lailatul Qadar? Nabi S.A.W bersabda: “Bacalah: 'Allahumma innaka 'afuwwun tuhibbul-'afwa, fa'fu 'anni (Ya Allah, sesungguhnya Kau maha Pengampun, dan sukakan pengampunan, maka ampunilah aku).” (Sunan Ibn Majah: no. 3850) Meaning: It was narrated from 'Aishah RA that she said: “O Messenger of Allah, what do you think I should say in my supplication, if I come upon Laylatul-Qadr?” He said: “Say: 'Allahumma innaka 'afuwwun tuhibbul-'afwa, fa'fu 'anni (O Allah, You are Forgiving and love forgiveness, so forgive me).” (Sunan Ibn Majah: no. 3850)

42

HADITH 38: DOA RASULULLAH KEPADA ORANG YANG MENSIA-SIAKAN

ِ ‫َقالَرسول‬:َ‫َقال‬،َ‫عنَأِبَهري رة‬ َ‫َ"ر ِغمَأنف‬:َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلم‬ ِ ‫رجلَذكِرت‬ َ،َ‫َور ِغمَأنفَرجلَدخلَعلي ِهَرمضان‬،َ‫َف لمَيص ِِلَعلى‬،َ‫َعنده‬ ِ ‫َور ِغمَأنفَرجلَأدرك‬،َ‫ُثَانسلخَق بلَأنَي غفرَله‬ َ‫َف لم‬،َ‫َعندهَأب واهَال ِكْب‬ "َ‫يد ِخالهَاْلنة‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Abu Hurairah RA, beliau telah berkata: Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Semoga seorang lelaki yang disebutkan namaku di sisinya, namun tidak berselawat ke atasku akan dihinakan. Dan semoga seorang lelaki yang mana bertemu dengan bulan Ramadan, kemudian berlalu pergi sebelum dia diampunkan dosa-dosanya akan dihinakan. Dan semoga seorang lelaki yang kedua-dua orang tuanya mencapai usia tua di sisinya, dan mereka tidak menjadi penyebab masuknya lelaki tersebut ke dalam Syurga (disebabkan berbakti kepada keduanya) akan dihinakan.” (Jami’ at-Tirmizi: no. 3545)

Meaning: Abu Hurairah RA narrated that the Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬said: “May the man before whom I am mentioned - and he does not send Salat upon me - be humiliated. And may a man upon whom Ramadan enters and then passes, before he is forgiven, be humiliated. And may a man whose parents reached old age in his presence, and they were not a cause for his entrance to Paradise, be humiliated.” (Jami’ at-Tirmizi: no. 3545)

43

HADITH 39: KEWAJIPAN ZAKAT FITRAH

َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللاَعلي ِهَوسلمََزكاةَال ِفط ِر‬ َِ ‫َ"ف رضَرسول‬:َ‫َقال‬،‫ع ِنَاب ِنَعباس‬ ِ ‫طهرًةَلِلصائِِم َِمنَاللغ ِوَوالرف‬ ِ ِ‫َوطعمةًَلِلمساك‬،‫ث‬ َ‫َمنَأداهاَق بل‬،‫ْي‬ َ‫َف ِهيَصدقةٌ َِمن‬،‫َومنَأداهاَب عدَالصال ِة‬،ٌ‫َف ِهيَزكاةٌَمقبولة‬،‫الصال ِة‬ "‫ات‬ َِ ‫الصدق‬

Maksudnya: Daripada Ibn Abbas beliau telah berkata, Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah fardhukan zakat fitrah sebagai menyuci untuk orang berpuasa dari sebarang lagha serta keji di samping memberi makan kepada golongan miskin. Siapa yang menunaikannya sebelum solat raya maka dia dianggap zakat yang diterima. Dan sebaliknya, siapa yang menunaikannya selepas solat hari raya maka dia dianggap sebagai sedekah. (Sunan Abu Daud: no.1609, Sunan Ibn Majah: no.1827) Meaning: Ibn Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬prescribed the sadaqah (alms) relating to the breaking of the fast as a purification of the fasting from empty and obscene talk and as food for the poor. If anyone pays it before the prayer (of 'Id), it will be accepted as zakat. If anyone pays it after the prayer, that will be a sadaqah like other sadaqahs (alms). (Sunan Abu Daud: no.1609, Sunan Ibn Majah: no.1827)

44

HADITH 40: PUASA ENAM HARI DI BULAN SYAWAL

ِ ‫َأنهَحدثهَأنَرسول‬،َ‫عنَأِبَأيُّوبَاألنصا ِر ِيَر ِضيَللاَعنه‬ َ‫َاَّللَصلىَللا‬ ِ ِ ‫َست‬ ِ ‫َُثَأت ب عه‬،َ‫َ"منَصامَرمضان‬:َ‫علي ِهَوسلمَقال‬ ِ ‫ََكانَك‬،َ‫ًّاَمنَشوال‬ َ‫صي ِام‬ "‫الده َِر‬ Maksudnya: Daripada Abu Ayyub al-Ansari RA, Rasulullah (‫ )ﷺ‬telah bersabda: “Barangsiapa yang berpuasa di bulan Ramadhan dan meneruskan dengan berpuasa enam hari pada bulan syawal, maka (pahalanya) seolah-olah berpuasa selama setahun.” (HR Muslim: no. 1164)

Meaning: Abu Ayyub al-Ansari RA reported that the Messenger of Allah (‫ )ﷺ‬as saying: “Whoever fasts in the month of Ramadan and continues to fast for six days in the month of Shawwal, then (his reward) is as if he had fasted for a year.” (HR Muslim: no. 1164)

45

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