Data Loading...

SCHIZOPHRENIA AND OTHER PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS Flipbook PDF

SCHIZOPHRENIA AND OTHER PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS


121 Views
97 Downloads
FLIP PDF 2.33MB

DOWNLOAD FLIP

REPORT DMCA

©2021-2023. No part of this presentation can be copied, downloaded and used without the permission of the owner

PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

1

U ND ERS TAND I NG P S YC H O PAT H O LO G Y

SCHIZOPHRENIA SPECTRUM AND OTHER PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS TERESITA L. MARTINEZ MD FPNA FCNSP

DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE

©2021-2023. No part of this presentation can be copied, downloaded and used without the permission of the owner

PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

3

VIRTUAL HOUSE RULES ▪

Please do not download, copy or use this presentation deck without the permission

of the DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE. ▪

Mute your microphones when not speaking. Type your questions in the chat box.



Should you have questions regarding the presentation, kindly have your class president collate and forward to [email protected]



Learn as much and stay safe!

©2021-2023. No part of this presentation can be copied, downloaded and used without the permission of the owner

PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

THE PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS

THE PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

©2021-2023. No part of this presentation can be copied, downloaded and used without the permission of the owner

PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

John Forbes Nash Jr. (June 13, 1928 – May 23, 2015)

A Beautiful Mind A Film by Ron Howard (2001) starring Russel Crowe

©2021-2023. No part of this presentation can be copied, downloaded and used without the permission of the owner

PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

6

PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS

a group of disorders marked by irrational ideas, distorted perceptions, and a loss of contact with reality.

Myers, D. G. (2021). Exploring Psychology. Worth Pub.

©2021-2023. No part of this presentation can be copied, downloaded and used without the permission of the owner

PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

DSM V Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders

Wu, J. Q., Boettcher, H., V Mark Durand, Barlow, D. H., & American Psychiatric Association. (2014). A guide to the American Psychiatric Association’s diagnostic and statistical manual 2013 (DSM-5). Nelson Education.

©2021-2023. No part of this presentation can be copied, downloaded and used without the permission of the owner

PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS DISORGANIZED BEHAVIOR

HALLUCINATIONS

DISORGANIZED THOUGHTS

DELUSIONS

NEGATIVE SYMPTOMS MedlinePlus. (2018). Psychotic Disorders. Medlineplus.gov. https://medlineplus.gov/psychoticdisorders.html

©2021-2023. No part of this presentation can be copied, downloaded and used without the permission of the owner

PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

9

THE POSITIVE SYMPTOMS

Sensory perception in the absence of external stimuli

HALLUCINATION

False beliefs Unrelenting sense of certainty maintained despite strong contradictory evidence

DELUSION

Wu, J. Q., Boettcher, H., V Mark Durand, Barlow, D. H., & American Psychiatric Association. (2014). A guide to the American Psychiatric Association’s diagnostic and statistical manual 2013 (DSM-5). Nelson Education.

©2021-2023. No part of this presentation can be copied, downloaded and used without the permission of the owner

PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

10

SCHIZOPHRENIA

Split mind

Early adulthood 1 in 100 (WHO 2008)

Wu, J. Q., Boettcher, H., V Mark Durand, Barlow, D. H., & American Psychiatric Association. (2014). A guide to the American Psychiatric Association’s diagnostic and statistical manual 2013 (DSM-5). Nelson Education.

©2021-2023. No part of this presentation can be copied, downloaded and used without the permission of the owner

PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

11

SYMPTOMS OF SCHIZOPHRENIA

DISORGANIZED THINKING

DISTURBED PERCEPTIONS

INAPPROPRIATE EMOTIONS

Wu, J. Q., Boettcher, H., V Mark Durand, Barlow, D. H., & American Psychiatric Association. (2014). A guide to the American Psychiatric Association’s diagnostic and statistical manual 2013 (DSM-5). Nelson Education.

©2021-2023. No part of this presentation can be copied, downloaded and used without the permission of the owner

PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

12

DELUSTIONS are false beliefs.

What Are Delusions? (n.d.). Verywell Health. https://www.verywellhealth.com/delusions-5113070

©2021-2023. No part of this presentation can be copied, downloaded and used without the permission of the owner

PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

13

CATATONIA

Rasmussen, S. A., Mazurek, M. F., & Rosebush, P. I. (2016). Catatonia: Our current understanding of its diagnosis, treatment and pathophysiology. World Journal of Psychiatry, 6(4), 391. https://doi.org/10.5498/wjp.v6.i4.391

©2021-2023. No part of this presentation can be copied, downloaded and used without the permission of the owner

PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

14

NEGATIVE SYMPTOMS DIMINISHED EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION

AVOLITION

ALOGIA

ANHEDONIA

ASOCIALITY

Wu, J. Q., Boettcher, H., V Mark Durand, Barlow, D. H., & American Psychiatric Association. (2014). A guide to the American Psychiatric Association’s diagnostic and statistical manual 2013 (DSM-5). Nelson Education.

©2021-2023. No part of this presentation can be copied, downloaded and used without the permission of the owner

PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

15

DSM V DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA

2

6

Hallucinations Delusions Disorganized incoherent speech Grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior Negative symptoms

EFFECT IN FUNCTIONALITY *** 1 MONTH OF ACTIVE SYMPTOMS Wu, J. Q., Boettcher, H., V Mark Durand, Barlow, D. H., & American Psychiatric Association. (2014). A guide to the American Psychiatric Association’s diagnostic and statistical manual 2013 (DSM-5). Nelson Education.

©2021-2023. No part of this presentation can be copied, downloaded and used without the permission of the owner

PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

16

PHASES

PRODROMAL • Early phase • Withdrawal • Poor hygiene, sleep problems

ACTIVE • Symptoms are obvious • Criteria A

RESIDUAL • Lack of emotion • Constant low energy • Eccentric behavior

Wu, J. Q., Boettcher, H., V Mark Durand, Barlow, D. H., & American Psychiatric Association. (2014). A guide to the American Psychiatric Association’s diagnostic and statistical manual 2013 (DSM-5). Nelson Education.

©2021-2023. No part of this presentation can be copied, downloaded and used without the permission of the owner

PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

17

SPECTRUM OF SCHIZOPHRENIA CONDITIONS DO NOT REACH FULL CRITERIA OF THE DISORDER

▪ Delusions ▪ Catatonia

TIME LIMITED CONDITIONS

EXCLUDE OTHER CONDITIOND

▪ BRIEF PSYCHOTIC DISORDER ▪ SCHIZOPHRENIFORM DISORDER ▪ SCHIZOAFFECTIVE DISORDER

▪ MEDICATION OR SUBSTANCE ▪ MEDICAL CONDITION ▪ CATATONIA IN SEVERAL DISORDERS

Wu, J. Q., Boettcher, H., V Mark Durand, Barlow, D. H., & American Psychiatric Association. (2014). A guide to the American Psychiatric Association’s diagnostic and statistical manual 2013 (DSM-5). Nelson Education.

DURATION OF SYMPTOMS →

©2021-2023. No part of this presentation can be copied, downloaded and used without the permission of the owner

PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.

SCHIZOPHRENIA

>2 Criterion A for at least a month

Total disease length >6 months including prodromal/residual phases

SCHIZOPHRENIFORM Same as Schizophrenia

Total disease length >1 to 1 days to